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High Performance Concrete Pavements
Project Summary

APPENDIX A. TE-30 PROJECT SUMMARY TABLE

STATE AND PROJECT DESIG-
NATION
TE-30
?
DESIGN FEATURES EVALUATED RANGE OF STUDY VARIABLES LOCATION # OF SEC-
TIONS
YEAR BUILT PROJ. LNGTH # OF LANES (1-DIR) SLAB THICK-
NESS
BASE TYPE JOINT SPACING LOAD TRANSFER JOINT SEALANT SHOULDER TYPE
CACA 1NoPrecast, Post-Tension Concrete PavementSingle application of Texas design standardsPending1   10 in. 8 ft   
COCO 1NoThin WhitetoppingThickness (3.9 in., 4.5 in., 6.6 in.)
Jt spacing (4x4, 6x6, 6x9 ft)
SH 121 Wadsworth420014 mi2VariesHMAVariesNo  
CO 2NoPrecast Concrete RepairsConstruction methods (Michigan and Colorado)I-25, Loveland12004450 panels2  12 ftYesYesTied PCC
ILIL 1NoAlternative Dowel Bar MaterialsFiber composite bars (1.5 in.)
Epoxy coated steel bars (1.5 in.)
I-55 SB,
Williamsville
4 Joints with Fiber Bars,
3 control
1996315 ft111.25 in. JRCPBAM45 ft
(15 ft hinges)
1.5 in. dowels
(various types)
Preformed
(HP in hinge joints)
Widened slab + PCC shoulder
IL 2YesAlternative Dowel Bar Materials
Sealed / Nonsealed Joints
Epoxy-coated steel bars (1.5 in.)
Polyester and fiberglass bars (1.5 and 1.75 in.)
Epoxy-resin and fiberglass bars (1.5 in.)
Sealed and nonsealed
Hinge joint JRCP and conventional JRCP
IL 59 SB,
Naperville
819972355 ft310 in. JRCP
10 in. JPCP
12 in. AGG over porous embank-
ment
45 ft
(15 ft hinges)
15 ft
1.5 to 1.75 in.
dowels
(various types)
Preformed
HP
None
Tied curb and gutter
IL 3YesAlternative Dowel Bar Materials
Sealed / Nonsealed Joints
Polyester and fiberglass bars (1.5 in.)
Vinyl ester and fiberglass bars (1.5 in.)
Cement-filled fiberglass and polyester resin tubes
Carbon steel rods with stainless steel cladding (1.5 in.)
Epoxy-coated steel dowels (1.5 in.)
Sealed and nonsealed joints
US 67 WB, Jacksonville7 (5 for dowels, 2 for sealing)19991065 ft210 in. JPCP4 in. CAM II
12 in. LSS
15 ft1.5 in. dowels
(various types)
HP
No Seal
Tied PCC
IL 4NoAlternative Dowel Bar MaterialsCement-filled fiber composite tubes
Cement-filled stainless steel tubes (1.5 and 1.75 in.)
Carbon steel rods with stainless steel
cladding (1.5 and 1.75 in.)
SR 2 NB, Dixon (driving lanes only)52000 29.5 in. JPCP12 in. AGG15 ft1.5 to 1.75 in. dowels
(various types)
HPTied curb and gutter
ININ 1YesMixed DesignLow shrinkage and
Low curling and warping
Improve fracture properties
I-65 at SR-60, Clark County320021.55 mi314 in..AGG18 ft. and 15 ft. (experi-
mental)
Dowels (1 in.)N/AConcrete
IAIA 1aYesPCC Mixing TimesIowa DOT and contractor mixes
45-, 60-, and 90-second mixing times
IA 5,
Carlisle
 19963.6 mi JPCP     
IA 1bYesPCC Mixing Times30- and 45-second mixing timeUS 30,
Carroll
 19962.2 mi JPCP     
IA 2YesAlternative Dowel Bar Materials
Alternative Dowel Bar Spacings
Fiber composite (1.5 and 1.88 in. at 8 and 12 in. spacing)
Stainless steel (1.5 in. at 8 and 12 in. spacing)
Epoxy-coated steel (1.5 in. at 12 in. spacing)
US 65 Bypass,
Des Moines
819972432 ft212 in. JPCP6 in. AGG20 ft
(skewed)
1.5 to 1.88 in. dowels
(various types)
HPHMA
IA 3YesSubgrade StabilizationFly ash
Stoke ash
US 151 in Linn/Jones Counties4 (test sections plus control)2000 - 20017,100 m2 lanes - dir.240 mm thick pave-
ment
Fly-ash stabilized base6 m joint spacingDoweled jointsHP bituminousGranular
IA 4NoAlternative Dowel Bar ShapesHeavy elliptical bars (2.084 sq in.)
Medium elliptical bars (1.473 sq in.)
Standard round bars ( 1.5 in. dia)
IA 33021200210,500 ft2  20 ftDowels (various types)  
IA 5NoElliptical Fiber Reinforced Polymer Dowel BarsDowel bar spacing (10, 12, 15 in.)IA 330 Melbourne32002180 m2  6 mFRP elliptical dowels  
IA 6NoField Trials of Guidelines for Soil Stabilizers of Non-Uniform Subgrade SoilsRaw, hydrated and conditioned fly ashVarious (pending)Various (pending)         
IA 7NoImplementation of Total Environmental Management for Paving (TEMP)Up to 3 Implementation SitesPending3Pend-
ing
        
KSKS 1YesAlternative Dowel Bar Materials
Fiber PCC
Alternative PCC Mix Designs
Joint Sawing Alternatives
Joint Sealing Alternatives
Surface Texturing
Two-Lift Construction
Epoxy dowels, fiber composite bars, and X-Flex
Polyolefin fibers
Lower w/c mix
Early-cut saws (3 types)
Preformed, HP, and no seal
Longitudinal and random tining
Two-lift construction (3 types)
High solids curing compound
Highway K-96 EB, Haven1319976.1 mi210 in. JPCP
10 in. FRCP
CTB15 ft1.25 in. to 2 in. dowels
(various types)
"X-Flex" device
Preformed
HP
None
HMA
KS 2YesSmoothness Monitoring of Plastic ConcreteSmoothness monitoring of plastic concreteHutchinson, KS5200112,401 m1220 mmDense cement treated base5 m1.25 in. dowels at 12 in. centersTransverse-
Preformed neoprene compression; Longitudinal-
low modulus hot pour
Tied concrete
MDMD 1YesPCC Mix Design
Fiber PCC
Conventional PCC
Polypropylene fiber-
reinforced PCC
Low shrinkage PCC (large coarse aggregate size)
US 50, Salisbury Bypass32001  JPCP
FRCP
     
MIMI 1NoTwo-Lift Construction
Exposed Aggregate Surface
Thick Foundation
JRCP and JPCP
OGDL and LCB
Subbase thickness
Surface texturing
I-75 NB (Chrysler Freeway), Detroit219932.1 mi2 to 311 in. JRCP
10 in. JPCP
4 in. OGDL
6 in. LCB
41 ft
15 ft
1.25 in. dowels
(variably spaced on JPCP)
HP
Preformed
PCC shoulder;
Widened slab + PCC shoulder
MNMN 1YesAlternative Dowel Bar Materials
PCC Mix Design
High performance PCC mix (high air content, low w/c, high quality aggregate, GGBFS)
Stainless steel dowels (1.5 and 1.7 in.)
Epoxy-coated steel bars (1.5 in.)
I-35W, Richfield520001 mi313.4 in. JPCP5 in. AGG15 ft1.5 to 1.7 in. dowels
(various types)
HPPCC
MN 2YesAlternative Dowel Bar Materials
Doweled / Nondoweled Joints
PCC Mix Design
5 and 7.5 in. JPCP
High performance PCC mix with GGBFS
Doweled / Nondoweled joints
Epoxy-coated dowels (1 and 1.25 in. diameter)
Fiber composite dowels (1.25 and 1.50 in. diameter)
Mn/Road Low-
Volume Road Facility, Albertville
32000870 ft25 in. JPCP
7.5 in. JPCP
7 in. AGG
5 in. AGG
10 ft
15 ft
None
1 to 1.5 in. dowels
(various types)
HP
Silicone
None
Widened slab + granular
MN 3NoUltrathin WhitetoppingInstrumented sections with varying thickness and joint spacingsMn/ROAD, Mainline Road Facility and US 169, Albertville91997788 ft per section 3 in.
4 in.
6 in.
     
MSMS 1YesAlternative PCC Paving Material
(Resin Modified Pavement)
Resin-modified pavement
Ultrathin whitetopping
Polymer-
modified HMA overlay
US 72,
Corinth
4 (2 RMP, 1 UTW, 1 HMA)2001Approx. 900 ft22 in. RMP
3 in. UTW
4 in. HMA
Existing HMA pavementRMP: N/A
UTW: 3 ft
HMA: N/A
RMP: N/A
UTW: None
HMA: N/A
RMP: N/A
UTW: None
HMA: N/A
 
MOMO 1YesFiber PCC
Slab Thickness
Joint Spacing
Conventional JPCP (9 and 11 in.)
Steel fibers (5, 6, and 9 in.)
Polyolefin fibers (5, 6, and 9 in.)
15, 30, 60, and 200 ft joint spacings
I-29 SB,
Rock Port
819983.9 mi29 and 11 in. JPCP
5, 6, 9 in. FRCP
Underlying 9 in. JRCP with 61.5 ft joint spacing15 ft
30 ft
60 ft
200 ft
1.25 and 1.5 in. epoxy coated steel dowelsHPAC
NHNH 1YesDefinition of HPCP
Design Optimization
N/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
OHOH 1YesPCC Mix DesignPCC mix with GGBFS / Conventional PCC mixUS 50,
Athens
2199710.5 mi210 in. JRCP4 in. Perm AGG
6 in. AGG subbase
21 ft1.5 in. epoxy coated steel barsHPPCC
OH 2YesAlternative Dowel Bar MaterialsFiberglass bars (1.5 in.)
Epoxy coated steel bars (1.5 in.)
Stainless steel tubes filled with concrete
US 50,
Athens
31997378 ft210 in. JRCP4 in. Perm AGG
6 in. AGG subbase
21 ft1.5 in. dowels
(various types)
HPPCC
OH 3YesSealed / Nonsealed JointsHot Poured Sealants
Silicone Sealants
Neoprene Sealants
No Seal
US 50,
Athens
14
(28 including replicates)
1997 - 19982.0 mi210 in. JRCP4 in. Perm AGG
6 in. AGG subbase
21 ft1.5 in. epoxy coated steel barsHP
Silicone
Preformed
None
PCC
OH 4NoEvaluation of nondestructive test devices for measuring the support of subgrade and aggregate base layersNuclear Gauge
Humboldt Gauge
FWD, Large Load
FWD, Small Load
German Plate
US 35, Jamestown120005.26 mi29 in. JRCP4 in. drainable base, 6 in. dense graded aggregate    
PAPA 1YesEvaluation of HIPERPAVTie Bars (Yes/No)
Dowel Bars (Yes/No)
Static Sensors (Yes/No)
Dynamic Sensors (Yes/Not)
SR 22, Murrysville4Fall
2004
210 ft212 in.Asphalt treated15 ftDowels (1.25 in. when used)  
SDSD 1YesFiber PCC
Doweled / Nondoweled Joints
Joint Spacing
Polyolefin fiber-reinforced concrete (doweled and non-doweled, 6.5 and 8 in. thick, 0, 25, and 35 ft joints)
Conventional concrete (8 in. thick, 20 ft doweled joints)
US 83,
Pierre
819964765 ft16.5 and 8 in. FRCP
8 in. JPCP
Gravel20 ft
25 ft
35 ft
None
Dowels (1 in. epoxy coated steel bars)
No dowels
HPWidened slab + granular
VAVA 1YesPCC Mix Design2 in. top size aggregate with GGBFS
1 in. top size aggregate with GGBFS
1 in. top size aggregate with Class F fly ash
I-64,
Newport News
31998 - 19992.38 mi311 in. JPCPAsphalt-
treated OGDL
15 ft1.25 in. epoxy coated steel barsSiliconeWidened slab + HMA
VA 2YesPCC Mix Design
Steel Contents
Low shrinkage and high flexural strength mixes
Various longitudinal steel contents
VA 288,
Richmond
 2000  CRCP N/AN/AN/A 
VA 3YesPCC Mix Design
Steel Contents
Low shrinkage and high flexural strength mixes
Various longitudinal steel contents
US 29,
Madison Heights
 2000  CRCP N/AN/AN/A 
WAWA 1NoPCC Mix Design and Construction at IntersectionsEvaluate rapid reconstruction of urban intersections by looking at methods to accelerate the rate of concrete strength gain, methods to minimize the construction time, and traffic control strategies to minimize user delaySR 395, Kennewick12000Inter-
section
       
WVWV 1NoGFRP Dowel Bars
GFRP Reinforced CRCP
Evaluate the potential use of GFRP dowel bars in. JPCP and GFRP reinforcing for CRCPPending          
WIWI 1YesSurface TexturingRandom, transverse tining (2 levels)
Uniform, transverse tining
Random, skewed tining (4 levels)
Random, longitudinal tining (2 levels)
Uniform, longitudinal tining
WI 29,
Abbotsford
10
(+47 from other states)
199710 mi2JPCP 17 - 20 - 18 - 19 ft
variable
DowelsNoneWidened Slab + HMA
WI 2YesAlternative Dowel Bar Materials
Alternative Dowel Bar Spacings
Fiber-reinforced polymer composite dowels
Solid stainless steel dowels
Hollow core/mortar filled stainless steel dowels
Epoxy-coated dowels
Dowel placement (5 layouts)
WI 29 EB,
Owen
13199710.6 mi211 in. JPCP2 in. AGG
5 in. AGG (in place)
9 in. AGG (in place)
17 - 20 - 18 - 19 ft
variable
1.5 in. Dowels
(various types)
NoneWidened slab + HMA
WI 3YesAlternative Dowel Bar Materials
Alternative Dowel Bar Spacings
Trapezoidal Cross Section
Conventional thickness (12 in.)
Variable thickness (8-11 in.)
Fiber composite dowels, stainless steel dowels, epoxy-coated steel dowels
Dowel placement (2 layouts)
WI 29,
Hatley
61997 211 in. JPCP
8-11 in. JPCP
6 in. AGG18 ft1.5 in. dowels
(various types)
NoneWidened slab + HMA
WI 4YesAlternative Dowel Bar Materials
PCC Mix Design
High performance PCC mix (Class C fly ash 0.4 water to cement ratio)
Stainless steel dowels (1.5)
24-36 in. dense graded base
12-24 in. select granular back fill
4 inches of open graded base
I-90, approx. 8 mi W of split of I-90 and I-94, Monroe County2 test sections and 1 control section20022500 ft.213.5 in. research slab / 12 in. control slabStd. 4 in. OGDL / 6 in. dense graded - Mod. 4 in. open graded drained / 10 in. dense graded15 ft. joint spacing18 in. long, 1.5 in. dia. stainless steelNoneConcrete
FHWAFHWA 1NoUltrathin WhitetoppingValidate the design equations and performance prediction models used in the ACPA UTW design procedureFHWA's
Pavement Test Facility, McLean, VA
81998 - 1999400 ft12.5 in. UTW
3.5 in. UTW
(fibers varied)
HMA3x3 ft
4x4 ft
6x6 ft
   
Var.
States
 NoMIT Scan-2Conducted laboratory and field evaluation of MIT Scan-2VariousOngoingOn-
going
        
  • AGG = aggregate
  • BAM = bituminous aggregate mixture
  • CAM = cement aggregate mixture
  • CRCP = continuously reinforced concrete pavement
  • CTB = cement-treated base
  • FRCP = fiber-reinforced concrete pavement
  • GFRP = glass-fiber-reinforced polymer
  • GGBFS = ground granulated blast furnace slag
  • HMA = hot mix asphalt
  • HP = hot-poured sealant
  • JPCP = jointed plain concrete pavement
  • JRCP = jointed reinforced concrete pavement
  • LCB = lean concrete base
  • LSS = lime stabilized subgrade
  • N/A = not applicable
  • OGDL = open-graded drainage layer
  • PCC = portland cement concrete
  • RMP = resin-modified pavement
  • UTW = ultrathin whitetopping
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Updated: 04/07/2011
 

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