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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-06-138
Date: October 2006

Effects of Inlet Geometry on Hydraulic Performance of Box Culverts

REFERENCES

  1. Normann, J. M., Houghtalen, R. J., and Johnston, W. J. Hydraulic Design of Highway Culverts, Federal Highway Administration Hydraulic Design Series No. 5 (HDS-5),Report Number FHWA-IP-85-15, McLean, VA, September 1985.
  2. Federal Highway Administration, HY-8 , HDS-5 Appendix D Chart Calculator, www.fhwa.dot.gov/engineering/hydraulics/software.
  3. Graziano, F., Stein, S., Umbrell, Ed., and Martin, B. South Dakota Culvert Inlet Design Coefficients, Federal Highway Administration, Report Number FHWA-RD-01-076,McLean, VA, June 2001.
  4. French, J. L. Hydraulics of Short Pipes, Hydraulic Characteristics of Commonly Used Pipe Entrances, First Progress Report, National Bureau of Standards, NBS Report Number 4444, Washington, DC, December 1955.
  5. French, J. L. Hydraulics of Culverts, Second Progress Report, Pressure and Resistance Characteristics of a Model Pipe Culvert, National Bureau of Standards, NBS Report Number 4911,Washington, DC, October 1956.
  6. French, J. L. Hydraulics of Culverts, Third Progress Report, Effects of Approach Channel Characteristics on Model Pipe Culvert Operation, National Bureau of Standards, NBS Report Number 5306,Washington, DC, June 1957.
  7. French, J. L. Hydraulics of Improved Inlet Structures for Pipe Culverts, Fourth Progress Report, Pressure and Resistance Characteristics of a Model Pipe Culvert, National Bureau of Standards, NBS Report Number 7178, Washington, DC, August 1961.
  8. French, J. L. Hydraulics of Culverts, Fifth Progress Report, Non-enlarged Box Culvert Inlets, National Bureau of Standards, NBS Report Number 9327, Washington, DC, June 1966.
  9. French, J. L. Hydraulics of Culverts, Sixth Progress Report, Tapered Box Culvert Inlets,National Bureau of Standards, NBS Report Number 9355, Washington, DC, June 1966.
  10. French, J. L., and Bossy, H. G. Hydraulics of Culverts, Seventh Progress Report, Tapered Box Inlets with Fall Concentration in the Inlet Structure, National Bureau of Standards, NBS Report Number 9528, Washington, DC, July 1967.
  11. Jones, J. S., Mistichelli, M. P., and Kilgore, R. T. Long Span and Special Shape Culverts, Federal Highway Administration, unpublished laboratory report, McLean, VA, June1991.
  12. Graziano, F., Stein, S., Umbrell, E., and Martin, B. Hydraulics of Iowa DOT Slope-Tapered Pipe Culverts, Federal Highway Administration, Report FHWA-RD-01-077,McLean,VA, June 2001.
  13. GKY and Associates. Compilation of Culvert Design Coefficients, Federal Highway Administration, unpublished lab report, McLean, VA, October 1998.
  14. McEnroe, B. M., and Johnson, L. M. Hydraulics of Flared End Sections for Pipe Culverts, Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record 1483, Washington, DC, 1995.
  15. Umbrell, E., Young, K., Estes, C., Stein, S., and Pearson, D. R. Hydraulics of Dale Boulevard Culverts: Performance Curve for a Prototype of Two Large Culverts in Series, Federal Highway Administration, unpublished report, McLean, VA, July 2001.
  16. Tullis, B. Personal communication, August 2004.

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The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT).
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). The hydraulics and hydrology research program at the TFHRC Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) R&T Web site portal, which provides access to or information about the Agency’s R&T program, projects, partnerships, publications, and results.
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