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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-97-148

User Guidelines for Waste and Byproduct Materials in Pavement Construction

USER GUIDELINES
INTRODUCTION
BAGHOUSE FINES
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
BLAST FURNACE SLAG
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Portland Cement Concrete
   Granular Base
   Embankment or Fill
COAL BOTTOM ASH/BOILER SLAG
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Granular Base
   Stabilized Base
COAL FLY ASH
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Portland Cement Concrete
   Embankment or Fill
   Stabilized Base
   Flowable Fill
FGD SCRUBBER MATERIAL
   Material Description
   Stabilized Base
FOUNDRY SAND
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Flowable Fill
KILN DUSTS
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Stabilized Base
MINERAL PROCESSING WASTES
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Granular Base
   Embankment or Fill
MSW COMBUSTOR ASH
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Granular Base
NONFERROUS SLAGS
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Granular Base
   Embankment or Fill
QUARRY BYPRODUCTS
   Material Description
   Flowable Fill
RECLAIMED ASHPALT PAVEMENT
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete (Hot Recycling)
   Asphalt Concrete (Cold Recycling)
   Granular Base
   Embankment or Fill
RECLAIMED CONCRETE MATERIAL
   Material Description
   Portland Cement Concrete
   Granular Base
   Embankment or Fill
ROOFING SHINGLE SCRAP
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
SCRAP TIRES
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete (Wet Process)
   Asphalt Concrete (Dry Process)
   Embankment or Fill
SEWAGE SLUDGE ASH
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
STEEL SLAG
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Granular Base
SULFATE WASTES
   Material Description
   Stabilized Base
WASTE GLASS
   Material Description
   Asphalt Concrete
   Granular Base
EVALUATION GUIDANCE
GENERAL FRAMEWORK
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
COST ISSUES
APPLICATION DESCRIPTIONS
ASPHALT CONCRETE PAVEMENT
PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE PAVEMENT
GRANULAR BASE
EMBANKMENT OR FILL
STABILIZED BASE
FLOWABLE FILL

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT).
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). Provide leadership and technology for the delivery of long life pavements that meet our customers needs and are safe, cost effective, and can be effectively maintained. Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) R&T Web site portal, which provides access to or information about the Agency’s R&T program, projects, partnerships, publications, and results.
FHWA
United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration