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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-01-165
Date: March 2002
American Concrete Institute (ACI) (1992). "Guide to Durable Concrete." ACI Manual of Concrete Practice-Part 1. ACI 201.2R-92. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.
Elsen, J., et al. (1995). "Determination of the w/c Ratio of Hardened Cement Paste and Concrete Samples on Thin Sections Using Automated Image Analysis Techniques." Cement and Concrete Research. pp. 827-834.
Gerold, B. T. (2000). Estimation of Water-Cement Ratios Using Fluorescent Petrography and Extreme Value Distributions. Thesis for a degree of Masters of Science in Civil Engineering. Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI. 78 pp.
Jakobsen, U.H., V. Johansen, and N. Thaulow (1995). "Estimating the Capillary Porosity of Cement Paste by Fluorescence Microscopy and Image Analysis." Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol 370. pp. 227-236.
Jakobsen, U.H., V. Johansen, and N. Thaulow (1997). "Optical Microscopy - A Primary Tool in Concrete Examination." Proceedings: 19th International Conference on Cement Microscopy. Cincinnati, OH. April 27 - May 1. pp. 275-286.
Mayfield, B. (1990). "The Quantitative Evaluation of the Water/Cement Ratio Using Fluorescence Microscopy." Magazine of Concrete Research. Vol 42. No. 150. pp. 45-49.
Neville, A. (1999). "How Useful is the Water-Cement Ratio?" Concrete International. Volume 21, No. 9. September. pp. 69-70.
Spry, P.G., G. Gan, R.D. Cody, and A.M. Cody (1996). "The Formation of Rims on Dolomite Aggregate in Iowa Highway Concrete." 1996 Semisesquicentennial Transportation Conference Proceedings. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.
Stark, D., B. Morgan, P. Okamoto, and S. Diamond (1993). Eliminating or Minimizing Alkali-Silica Reactivity. SHRP-C-343. Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC.
Walker, H. N. (1992). Petrographic Methods of Examining Hardened Concrete: A Petrographic Manual. Report No. FHWA/VA-R14. Virginia Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, VA.
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Topics: research, infrastructure, pavements and materials
Keywords: research, infrastructure, pavements and materials, concrete materials; concrete pavements; concrete durability; concrete distress; concrete evaluation; petrographic examination; concrete mixture design.
TRT Terms: research, facilities, transportation, highway facilities, roads, parts of roads, pavements, Pavements, Concrete--United States--Testing, Pavements, Concrete--United States--Maintenance and repair, Concrete pavements, Portland cement concrete, Pavement distress