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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-01-165
Date: March 2002

Chapter 5. References

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  1. American Concrete Institute (ACI) (1992). "Guide to Durable Concrete." ACI Manual of Concrete Practice-Part 1. ACI 201.2R-92. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

  2. Elsen, J., et al. (1995). "Determination of the w/c Ratio of Hardened Cement Paste and Concrete Samples on Thin Sections Using Automated Image Analysis Techniques." Cement and Concrete Research. pp. 827-834.

  3. Gerold, B. T. (2000). Estimation of Water-Cement Ratios Using Fluorescent Petrography and Extreme Value Distributions. Thesis for a degree of Masters of Science in Civil Engineering. Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI. 78 pp.

  4. Jakobsen, U.H., V. Johansen, and N. Thaulow (1995). "Estimating the Capillary Porosity of Cement Paste by Fluorescence Microscopy and Image Analysis." Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol 370. pp. 227-236.

  5. Jakobsen, U.H., V. Johansen, and N. Thaulow (1997). "Optical Microscopy - A Primary Tool in Concrete Examination." Proceedings: 19th International Conference on Cement Microscopy. Cincinnati, OH. April 27 - May 1. pp. 275-286.

  6. Mayfield, B. (1990). "The Quantitative Evaluation of the Water/Cement Ratio Using Fluorescence Microscopy." Magazine of Concrete Research. Vol 42. No. 150. pp. 45-49.

  7. Neville, A. (1999). "How Useful is the Water-Cement Ratio?" Concrete International. Volume 21, No. 9. September. pp. 69-70.

  8. Spry, P.G., G. Gan, R.D. Cody, and A.M. Cody (1996). "The Formation of Rims on Dolomite Aggregate in Iowa Highway Concrete." 1996 Semisesquicentennial Transportation Conference Proceedings. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.

  9. Stark, D., B. Morgan, P. Okamoto, and S. Diamond (1993). Eliminating or Minimizing Alkali-Silica Reactivity. SHRP-C-343. Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC.

  10. Walker, H. N. (1992). Petrographic Methods of Examining Hardened Concrete: A Petrographic Manual. Report No. FHWA/VA-R14. Virginia Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, VA.

 

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The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT).
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). Provide leadership and technology for the delivery of long life pavements that meet our customers needs and are safe, cost effective, and can be effectively maintained. Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) R&T Web site portal, which provides access to or information about the Agency’s R&T program, projects, partnerships, publications, and results.
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