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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-05-051
Date: October 2005

Crash Cost Estimates by Maximum Police-Reported Injury Severity Within Selected Crash Geometries

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APPENDIX A: CRASH TYPES AND COST LEVELS TABLES (Continuation)

Table 9. Level 3B without speed limit

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  1 sv, ped, int No injury or C 0.5 278 $ 18,446 2,731 13,039 23,852 $ 29,196 4,634 20,021 38,371
  1 sv, ped, int K/A/B 3 726 $ 115,893 13,612 88,943 142,842 $ 261,734 31,772 198,833 324,634
  1 sv, ped, int Injured, sev unk 5 55 $ 63,856 8,681 46,671 81,042 $ 139,607 17,911 104,148 175,066
S 1 sv, ped, int Unknown 9 4 $ 14,386       $ 22,841      
  2 sv, ped,n-int No injury or C 0.5 335 $ 22,160 5,334 11,601 32,720 $ 38,944 10,697 17,766 60,122
  2 sv, ped,n-int K/A/B 3 1345 $ 174,354 15,876 142,923 205,785 $ 482,101 51,172 380,792 583,410
  2 sv, ped,n-int Injured, sev unk 5 62 $ 28,020 7,345 13,479 42,561 $ 46,242 13,672 19,174 73,310
  2 sv, ped,n-int Unknown 9 27 $ 23,618 7,949 7,881 39,356 $ 34,047 9,922 14,404 53,690
  3 sv, animal No injury or C 0.5 79 $ 4,607 1,716 1,210 8,004 $ 5,246 2,231 829 9,663
N 3 sv, animal K/A/B 3 36 $ 46,281 8,887 28,687 63,875 $ 94,830 19,836 55,559 134,101
  4 sv, object No injury or C 0.5 1716 $ 8,882 744 7,408 10,356 $ 14,039 1,414 11,240 16,839
  4 sv, object K/A/B 3 3172 $ 133,469 9,895 113,880 153,059 $ 342,071 25,783 291,027 393,114
  4 sv, object Injured, sev unk 5 31 $ 13,658 3,034 7,652 19,664 $ 22,662 5,621 11,534 33,790
  4 sv, object Unknown 9 100 $ 12,616 594 11,439 13,792 $ 21,799 1,063 19,695 23,902
  5 sv, prkveh No injury or C 0.5 222 $ 4,653 338 3,983 5,323 $ 5,457 615 4,238 6,675
  5 sv, prkveh K/A/B 3 180 $ 55,877 14,665 26,843 84,911 $ 138,837 43,098 53,512 224,162
S 5 sv, prkveh Injured, sev unk 5 8 $ 21,022       $ 37,273      
  5 sv, prkveh Unknown 9 44 $ 11,941 137 11,669 12,213 $ 20,581 249 20,089 21,073
  6 sv, rrollover No injury or C 0.5 238 $ 14,302 2,561 9,231 19,372 $ 23,847 4,123 15,686 32,009
  6 sv, rrollover K/A/B 3 1020 $ 145,413 18,025 109,727 181,099 $ 394,571 59,294 277,182 511,959
S 6 sv, rrollover Injured, sev unk 5 9 $ 182,849       $ 342,922      
S 6 sv, rrollover Unknown 9 4 $ 12,315       $ 21,032      
  7 mcp, sig No injury or C 0.5 2079 $ 11,932 909 10,132 13,732 $ 17,525 1,634 14,290 20,760
  7 mcp, sig K/A/B 3 1808 $ 93,277 6,363 80,679 105,875 $ 215,386 15,590 184,522 246,251
  7 mcp, sig Injured, sev unk 5 20 $ 28,828 6,332 16,291 41,365 $ 46,683 11,165 24,578 68,787
  7 mcp, sig Unknown 9 66 $ 18,338 1,632 15,108 21,569 $ 28,618 2,441 23,786 33,451
  8 mcp, sign No injury or C 0.5 1418 $ 12,955 2,353 8,296 17,613 $ 20,343 4,629 11,178 29,508
  8 mcp, sign K/A/B 3 1221 $ 111,360 10,375 90,821 131,899 $ 261,449 26,868 208,256 314,642
  8 mcp, sign Injured, sev unk 5 16 $ 60,937 28,720 4,078 117,795 $ 117,079 52,562 13,018 221,140
  8 mcp, sign Unknown 9 48 $ 18,600 1,381 15,866 21,334 $ 26,949 3,768 19,489 34,409
  9 mcp, nosgn No injury or C 0.5 471 $ 9,359 1,209 6,966 11,753 $ 12,621 2,100 8,463 16,779
  9 mcp, nosgn K/A/B 3 336 $ 83,110 15,900 51,633 114,587 $ 179,370 35,877 108,342 250,397
S 9 mcp, nosgn Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 110,650       $ 279,770      
S 9 mcp, nosgn Unknown 9 9 $ 27,860       $ 49,825      
  10 mcp, unk No injury or C 0.5 916 $ 16,121 3,579 9,035 23,207 $ 26,210 6,881 12,587 39,833
  10 mcp, unk K/A/B 3 273 $ 167,342 87,933 - 341,429 $ 456,390 282,992 - 1,016,647
S 10 mcp, unk Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 48,360       $ 93,037      
  10 mcp, unk Unknown 9 31 $ 16,585 1,413 13,789 19,381 $ 27,316 2,851 21,671 32,961
  11 re-all locations No injury or C 0.5 4477 $ 14,704 1,941 10,861 18,547 $ 19,242 2,263 14,761 23,723

Table 9. Level 3B without speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  11 re-all locations K/A/B 3 1674 $ 72,045 8,638 54,945 89,145 $ 169,757 23,629 122,978 216,537
  11 re-all locations Injured, sev unk 5 30 $ 33,948 4,640 24,763 43,134 $ 64,194 10,434 43,538 84,850
  11 re-all locations Unknown 9 229 $ 18,120 1,266 15,614 20,625 $ 28,880 2,209 24,506 33,253
I 12 re - unk int No injury or C 0.5 827 $ 32,191 10,592 11,222 53,161 $ 40,683 11,813 17,296 64,070
  12 re - unk int K/A/B 3 264 $ 47,680 14,875 18,231 77,129 $ 93,045 41,635 10,617 175,474
S 12 re - unk int Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 29,389       $ 51,224      
  12 re - unk int Unknown 9 41 $ 19,369 1,418 16,561 22,177 $ 31,709 2,745 26,276 37,143
  13 re - signed int No injury or C 0.5 165 $ 10,523 3,358 3,875 17,171 $ 12,353 4,375 3,691 21,016
N 13 re - signed int K/A/B 3 45 $ 43,384 16,516 10,687 76,081 $ 90,276 43,260 4,632 175,920
S 13 re - signed int Injured, sev unk 5 2 $ 45,197       $ 129,348      
S 13 re - signed int Unknown 9 7 $ 13,737       $ 20,755      
  14 re - signl int No injury or C 0.5 1060 $ 12,545 1,661 9,257 15,834 $ 17,587 2,473 12,692 22,483
  14 re - signl int K/A/B 3 376 $ 35,021 8,668 17,860 52,182 $ 66,762 22,286 22,642 110,882
S 14 re - signl int Injured, sev unk 5 8 $ 29,525       $ 48,564      
  14 re - signl int Unknown 9 52 $ 16,493 1,683 13,161 19,826 $ 27,448 4,109 19,313 35,583
  15 re - no int No injury or C 0.5 2425 $ 11,314 1,156 9,025 13,602 $ 15,179 1,652 11,909 18,449
  15 re - no int K/A/B 3 989 $ 102,705 16,760 69,524 135,887 $ 258,216 43,536 172,025 344,406
  15 re - no int Injured, sev unk 5 13 $ 36,478 8,007 20,626 52,331 $ 70,278 16,573 37,468 103,088
  15 re - no int Unknown 9 129 $ 19,191 1,840 15,548 22,834 $ 29,724 3,097 23,592 35,856
  16 ss No injury or C 0.5 2962 $ 7,957 766 6,441 9,473 $ 10,795 1,520 7,785 13,804
  16 ss K/A/B 3 1529 $ 92,161 9,181 73,985 110,338 $ 216,519 25,765 165,511 267,527
  16 ss Injured, sev unk 5 20 $ 57,389 16,033 25,648 89,129 $ 104,279 30,930 43,046 165,512
  16 ss Unknown 9 195 $ 15,325 843 13,656 16,995 $ 23,820 1,058 21,726 25,914
  17 ho, n-int No injury or C 0.5 129 $ 10,174 2,059 6,099 14,250 $ 14,735 3,433 7,939 21,531
  17 ho, n-int K/A/B 3 490 $ 387,139 47,660 292,783 481,494 $ 1,053,257 140,814 774,479 1,332,034
S 17 ho, n-int Injured, sev unk 5 3 $ 36,258       $ 64,704      
S 17 ho, n-int Unknown 9 5 $ 9,876       $ 15,000      
  18 ho, sig No injury or C 0.5 55 $ 6,827 1,426 4,003 9,651 $ 8,470 2,656 3,212 13,728
N 18 ho, sig K/A/B 3 29 $ 145,588 24,794 96,502 194,674 $ 250,798 53,653 144,578 357,018
S 18 ho, sig Unknown 9 3 $ 15,813       $ 25,483      
  19 ho, sign No injury or C 0.5 17 $ 13,737 5,562 2,725 24,749 $ 19,025 8,849 1,505 36,544
  19 ho, sign K/A/B 3 21 $ 89,902 21,483 47,370 132,434 $ 228,182 66,864 95,807 360,557
  20 ho, unksgn No injury or C 0.5 44 $ 7,113 3,088 999 13,226 $ 9,769 5,313 - 20,288
  20 ho, unksgn K/A/B 3 16 $ 35,709 15,169 5,678 65,740 $ 61,231 29,265 3,293 119,170
S 20 ho, unksgn Unknown 9 2 $ 15,264       $ 24,292      
  21 backing No injury or C 0.5 13 $ 7,162 1,356 4,479 9,846 $ 9,958 3,073 3,874 16,042
S 21 backing K/A/B 3 1 $ 12,654       $ 16,172      
S 21 backing Unknown 9 1 $ 14,506       $ 23,154      
  22 undefined No injury or C 0.5 1476 $ 7,156 972 5,233 9,079 $ 10,302 1,786 6,766 13,838

Table 9. Level 3B without speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  22 undefined K/A/B 3 1677 $ 173,905 42,818 89,135 258,674 $ 466,928 128,957 211,624 722,232
  22 undefined Injured, sev unk 5 42 $ 32,550 4,279 24,078 41,022 $ 61,899 10,297 41,513 82,285
  22 undefined Unknown 9 218 $ 13,333 636 12,074 14,591 $ 22,790 1,115 20,583 24,997

Table 10. Level 4 by speed limit

Code Crash geometry Speed limit (mi/h) Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  1 sv, ped, int <=45 1004 $ 73,887 7,844 58,357 89,416 $ 164,029 19,570 125,285 202,774
  1 sv, ped, int >=50 59 $ 70,493 24,849 21,299 119,687 $ 148,326 54,685 40,062 256,590
  2 sv, ped, n-int <=45 1571 $ 114,529 7,774 99,137 129,920 $ 297,917 24,330 249,750 346,085
  2 sv, ped, n-int >=50 198 $ 99,255 20,711 58,253 140,258 $ 275,162 66,241 144,022 406,303
N 3 sv, animal <=45 16 $ 3,959 1,010 1,959 5,959 $ 5,441 2,398 693 10,190
N 3 sv, animal >=50 99 $ 6,033 2,071 1,933 10,132 $ 8,018 2,905 2,268 13,768
  4 sv, object <=45 1910 $ 29,201 4,288 20,712 37,691 $ 67,353 11,517 44,552 90,154
  4 sv, object >=50 3069 $ 44,461 9,795 25,069 63,852 $ 107,423 24,691 58,541 156,305
  5 sv, prkveh <=45 336 $ 8,763 948 6,887 10,639 $ 14,580 1,960 10,700 18,460
  5 sv, prkveh >=50 117 $ 15,681 5,167 5,452 25,911 $ 35,123 15,281 4,871 65,375
  6 sv, rrollover <=45 335 $ 61,500 11,960 37,822 85,178 $ 147,629 37,400 73,586 221,672
  6 sv, rrollover >=50 917 $ 96,174 14,925 66,625 125,723 $ 255,916 48,527 159,844 351,988
  7 mcp, sig <=45 2081 $ 14,351 1,844 10,699 18,002 $ 21,863 3,119 15,688 28,039
  7 mcp, sig >=50 1879 $ 35,114 3,106 28,965 41,263 $ 75,197 7,747 59,859 90,535
  8 mcp, sign <=45 1632 $ 18,655 2,710 13,290 24,019 $ 32,559 5,873 20,932 44,185
  8 mcp, sign >=50 1061 $ 43,646 10,571 22,718 64,574 $ 96,942 25,619 46,222 147,663
N 9 mcp, nosgn <=45 491 $ 12,268 2,551 7,217 17,319 $ 18,862 5,096 8,774 28,950
  9 mcp, nosgn >=50 330 $ 21,325 4,367 12,681 29,970 $ 40,190 10,008 20,376 60,003
N 10 mcp, unk <=45 1095 $ 19,141 2,284 14,619 23,663 $ 32,191 4,366 23,548 40,834
  10 mcp, unk >=50 132 $ 48,607 22,310 4,438 92,775 $ 120,308 70,448 - 259,777
  11 re-all locations <=45 3754 $ 16,648 2,623 11,455 21,842 $ 22,664 2,873 16,976 28,352
  11 re-all locations >=50 2649 $ 21,497 3,768 14,038 28,957 $ 38,892 8,886 21,300 56,483
  12 re - unk int <=45 851 $ 31,716 16,091 - 63,573 $ 40,559 17,928 5,066 76,051
  12 Level 4 by speed limit >=50 287 $ 34,884 5,136 24,715 45,052 $ 50,173 5,573 39,140 61,205
N 13 re - signed int <=45 179 $ 11,064 3,388 4,357 17,771 $ 13,377 4,446 4,574 22,180
N 13 re - signed int >=50 40 $ 6,719 2,146 2,471 10,967 $ 10,008 4,027 2,036 17,980
N 14 re - signl int <=45 1055 $ 16,184 2,162 11,904 20,465 $ 23,872 3,532 16,879 30,865
  14 re - signl int >=50 439 $ 17,689 2,290 13,155 22,223 $ 32,544 6,219 20,233 44,856
  15 re - no int <=45 1669 $ 13,284 1,789 9,742 16,827 $ 18,933 2,510 13,964 23,903
  15 re - no int >=50 1883 $ 19,564 4,076 11,493 27,634 $ 37,785 11,267 15,478 60,091
  16 ss <=45 2745 $ 10,628 1,229 8,195 13,062 $ 16,019 2,261 11,543 20,494
  16 ss >=50 1953 $ 25,913 4,592 16,822 35,003 $ 55,339 11,182 33,201 77,476
  17 ho, n-int <=45 193 $ 29,264 10,211 9,049 49,480 $ 60,451 23,223 14,476 106,426
  17 ho, n-int >=50 432 $ 225,530 52,181 122,223 328,837 $ 613,098 144,416 327,189 899,007
N 18 ho, sig <=45 70 $ 10,909 3,196 4,582 17,236 $ 15,788 5,874 4,159 27,417
N 18 ho, sig >=50 17 $ 49,741 24,071 2,086 97,397 $ 84,052 42,658 - 168,505
N 19 ho, sign <=45 17 $ 9,828 3,254 3,385 16,271 $ 12,711 4,722 3,363 22,060
  19 ho, sign >=50 21 $ 40,730 15,707 9,633 71,826 $ 87,997 41,091 6,647 169,347
N 20 ho, unksgn <=45 53 $ 12,643 4,565 3,606 21,680 $ 19,832 8,028 3,939 35,725

Table 10. Level 4 by speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Speed limit (mi/h) Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
S 20 ho, unksgn >=50 9 $ 5,998 - - - $ 7,253 - - -
N 21 backing <=45 15 $ 10,165 2,572 5,073 15,257 $ 15,283 4,878 5,626 24,940
  22 undefined <=45 2472 $ 16,656 897 14,880 18,433 $ 32,236 2,373 27,538 36,934
  22 undefined >=50 937 $ 37,479 11,473 14,766 60,192 $ 93,322 33,754 26,496 160,148

Table 11. Level 4 without speed limit

Code Crash geometry Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  1 sv, ped, int 1063 $ 72,771 9,585 53,795 91,746 $ 158,866 22,288 114,740 202,992
  2 sv, ped,n-int 1769 $ 107,816 11,086 85,868 129,765 $ 287,917 34,152 220,304 355,530
N 3 sv, animal 115 $ 5,710 1,785 2,177 9,243 $ 7,617 2,526 2,616 12,617
  4 sv, object 5019 $ 39,569 7,086 25,541 53,598 $ 94,669 18,284 58,471 130,867
  5 sv, prkveh 454 $ 10,573 1,320 7,959 13,187 $ 19,964 3,550 12,935 26,993
  6 sv, rrollover 1271 $ 90,932 13,119 64,960 116,905 $ 239,721 42,950 154,690 324,752
  7 mcp, sig 3973 $ 24,260 2,133 20,036 28,484 $ 47,333 5,135 37,167 57,500
  8 mcp, sign 2703 $ 29,741 4,644 20,547 38,935 $ 61,114 11,205 38,932 83,296
  9 mcp, nosgn 823 $ 16,361 2,432 11,546 21,177 $ 28,501 5,339 17,930 39,071
  10 mcp, unk 1227 $ 27,135 6,509 14,249 40,022 $ 56,098 19,525 17,442 94,753
  11 re-all locations 6410 $ 19,002 2,120 14,805 23,199 $ 30,544 3,945 22,735 38,353
  12 re - unk int 1139 $ 33,093 9,482 14,321 51,865 $ 44,744 10,766 23,430 66,059
N 13 re - signed int 219 $ 10,885 3,256 4,438 17,332 $ 13,238 4,267 4,792 21,685
  14 re - signl int 1496 $ 16,675 1,660 13,388 19,962 $ 26,735 3,303 20,195 33,274
  15 re - no int 3556 $ 17,001 2,130 12,784 21,218 $ 30,090 5,641 18,922 41,259
  16 ss 4706 $ 17,610 2,033 13,585 21,636 $ 34,004 4,803 24,495 43,514
  17 ho, n-int 627 $ 140,997 35,901 69,923 212,072 $ 375,075 98,140 180,782 569,368
N 18 ho, sig 87 $ 15,620 5,102 5,518 25,722 $ 24,069 9,082 6,089 42,050
  19 ho, sign 38 $ 24,098 8,484 7,302 40,895 $ 47,478 20,253 7,382 87,574
  20 ho, unksgn 62 $ 11,378 3,579 4,292 18,464 $ 17,437 6,313 4,940 29,935
  21 backing 15 $ 10,165 2,572 5,073 15,257 $ 15,283 4,878 5,626 24,940
  22 undefined 3413 $ 24,448 4,247 16,040 32,855 $ 55,060 12,560 30,194 79,926

Table 12. Level 5 with speed limit

Code Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev codes Speed limit (mi/h) Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval] Observ Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval]
  No injury 0 <=45 $ 6,291 423 5,454 7,128 8077 $ 7,068 547 5,985 8,152
  No injury 0 >=50 $ 6,497 737 5,039 7,956 3511 $ 7,800 1,003 5,813 9,786
  C 1 <=45 $ 27,393 5,760 15,991 38,796 3211 $ 40,074 7,100 26,017 54,131
  C 1 >=50 $ 29,401 2,511 24,430 34,372 2092 $ 49,549 3,807 42,012 57,086
  B 2 <=45 $ 35,114 2,695 29,779 40,449 2938 $ 62,180 5,562 51,169 73,190
  B 2 >=50 $ 46,464 6,779 33,043 59,886 1810 $ 91,622 15,405 61,123 122,120
  A 3 <=45 $ 101,125 10,682 79,978 122,272 4179 $ 194,725 21,053 153,045 236,405
  A 3 >=50 $ 114,414 10,335 93,953 134,874 5192 $ 222,311 18,795 185,101 259,520
  K 4 <=45 $ 1,117,167 30,422 1,056,939 1,177,396 356 $ 3,622,179 80,996 3,461,826 3,782,533
  K 4 >=50 $ 1,277,640 17,259 1,243,471 1,311,809 1010 $ 4,106,620 50,820 4,006,008 4,207,232
  Injured, sev ukn 5 <=45 $ 38,344 4,437 29,559 47,128 241 $ 72,002 9,971 52,262 91,742
  Injured, sev ukn 5 >=50 $ 49,624 14,695 20,531 78,717 68 $ 95,368 29,184 37,590 153,146
  Unknown 9 <=45 $ 14,577 385 13,814 15,340 788 $ 23,993 621 22,763 25,223
  Unknown 9 >=50 $ 16,027 1,225 13,600 18,453 196 $ 25,735 2,085 21,608 29,863

Table 13. Level 5 without speed limit

Code Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev codes Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Observ Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  No injury 0 $ 6,390 396 5,607 7,173 11605 $ 7,428 548 6,342 8,513
  C 1 $ 28,405 3,143 22,183 34,626 5320 $ 44,868 4,254 36,445 53,291
  B 2 $ 41,882 3,918 34,125 49,638 4757 $ 79,777 8,636 62,679 96,874
  A 3 $ 111,376 9,037 93,486 129,267 9419 $ 216,059 16,506 183,382 248,737
  K 4 $ 1,245,579 15,182 1,215,522 1,275,637 1378 $ 4,008,885 45,148 3,919,504 4,098,267
  Injured, sev ukn 5 $ 43,469 7,798 28,031 58,907 310 $ 82,642 15,447 52,060 113,224
  Unknown 9 $ 14,799 406 13,995 15,603 986 $ 24,248 668 22,926 25,570

Table 14. Level 6 with speed limit

Code Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev codes Speed limit (mph) Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval] Observ Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval]
  No injury 0 <=45 $ 6,291 423 5,454 7,128 8,077 $ 7,068 547 5,985 8,152
  No injury 0 >=50 $ 6,497 737 5,039 7,956 3,511 $ 7,800 1,003 5,813 9,786
  C/O 0.5 <=45 $ 11,040 1,282 8,501 13,579 11,288 $ 14,496 1,482 11,563 17,430
  C/O 0.5 >=50 $ 11,762 963 9,856 13,668 5,603 $ 17,396 1,508 14,410 20,382
  B/C 1.5 <=45 $ 29,575 4,634 20,402 38,748 6,149 $ 46,321 6,241 33,966 58,676
  B/C 1.5 >=50 $ 35,632 2,674 30,338 40,927 3,902 $ 64,914 5,968 53,098 76,730
  A/B/C 2 <=45 $ 36,604 4,700 27,298 45,910 10,328 $ 60,900 7,441 46,169 75,631
  A/B/C 2 >=50 $ 52,569 3,436 45,766 59,372 9,094 $ 98,752 7,689 83,530 113,974
  K/A 3.5 <=45 $ 184,538 21,186 142,595 226,481 4,535 $ 476,104 58,473 360,341 591,867
  K/A 3.5 >=50 $ 246,331 33,294 180,417 312,246 6,202 $ 662,817 95,875 473,008 852,626
  K/A/B 3 <=45 $ 79,309 6,048 67,335 91,283 7,473 $ 184,605 17,106 150,739 218,471
  K/A/B 3 >=50 $ 138,049 8,804 120,619 155,479 8,012 $ 353,359 24,917 304,029 402,690
  K/A/B/C 2.5 <=45 $ 46,015 5,864 34,407 57,624 10,684 $ 91,917 12,881 66,415 117,420
  K/A/B/C 2.5 >=50 $ 85,356 8,135 69,250 101,461 10,104 $ 206,015 23,787 158,922 253,108
  Injured, sev ukn 5 <=45 $ 38,344 4,437 29,559 47,128 241 $ 72,002 9,971 52,262 91,742
  Injured, sev ukn 5 >=50 $ 49,624 14,695 20,531 78,717 68 $ 95,368 29,184 37,590 153,146
  Unknown 9 <=45 $ 14,577 385 13,814 15,340 788 $ 23,993 621 22,763 25,223
  Unknown 9 >=50 $ 16,027 1,225 13,600 18,453 196 $ 25,735 2,085 21,608 29,863

Table 15. Level 6 without speed limit

Code Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev codes Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval] Observ Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval]
  No injury 0 $ 6,390 396 5,607 7,173 11,605 $ 7,428 548 6,342 8,513
  C/O 0.5 $ 11,403 756 9,906 12,899 16,925 $ 15,953 995 13,983 17,922
  B/C 1.5 $ 32,807 2,658 27,544 38,071 10,077 $ 56,272 4,627 47,111 65,434
  A/B/C 2 $ 45,747 3,267 39,278 52,216 19,496 $ 82,588 6,587 69,547 95,629
  K/A 3.5 $ 232,167 25,876 180,939 283,395 10,797 $ 619,988 73,407 474,659 765,316
  K/A/B 3 $ 118,594 7,632 103,486 133,703 15,554 $ 297,561 22,069 253,869 341,252
  K/A/B/C 2.5 $ 68,846 6,694 55,593 82,099 20,874 $ 158,177 18,832 120,894 195,460
  Injured, sev ukn 5 $ 43,469 7,798 28,031 58,907 310 $ 82,642 15,447 52,060 113,224
  Unknown 9 $ 14,799 406 13,995 15,603 986 $ 24,248 668 22,926 25,570

45 mi/h = 72 km/h 50         mi/h=80 km/h


Code S = Derived from small sampleInjsev = Injury severityConf. Interval = Confidence Interval
Code I = Illogical values or outliers in data.Observ = Observations. - = Sample size was too small to calculate or the lower bound of the confidence interval was below zero.
Code N = Combined estimate with no fatal component.St. Err. = Standard Error  

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United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration