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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-13-077
Date: January 2014
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|Report - FHWA-HRT-13-077||Summary Report - FHWA-HRT-13-078||Excel Calcuator Tool - HRTM 2130|
The first edition of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Highway Safety Manual (HSM) provides crash modification factors (CMFs) for the safety effects of horizontal curvature and percent grade on rural two-lane highways.(1) However, the HSM does not provide a method to account for the interactions between these effects. Researchers have always presumed that there are interactions between the safety effects of horizontal and vertical alignment, but this has not been demonstrated for specific alignment combinations in a form useful for safety prediction.
This document is a final report highlighting research undertaken to quantify the safety effects of five specific combinations of horizontal and vertical alignment for rural two-lane highways. The research is based on data from the Federal Highway Administration’s Highway Safety Information System (HSIS) for Washington State, including roadway characteristics, horizontal and vertical alignment, traffic volume, and crashes. The outcome is a set of safety prediction models for fatal and injury and property damage only crashes. CMFs representing safety performance relative to level tangents on rural two-lane highways were developed from the models for each of the five combinations of horizontal and vertical alignment to present the results in a form suitable for incorporation in the HSM. This report should be of interest to safety engineers and planners as well as other AASHTO HSM users.
Monique R. Evans
Director, Office of Safety
Research and Development
This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.
The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers’ names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.
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Topics: research, safety
Keywords: research, safety, Safety, Horizontal curves, Vertical curves, Grade interaction, Crests, Sags, Rural two-lane highways, Crash modeling, Safety performance function, Crash modification factor
TRT Terms: research, Safety and security, Safety, Transportation safety