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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-06-034
Date: July 2006

Human Factors Literature Reviews on Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility

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REFERENCES

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (2001). A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets(AASHTO Green Book). Washington, DC: Author.

AUSTROADS (1995). Proposed Australian Road Rules (Draft for public comment). National Road Transport Commission.

AUSTROADS, 1995, Guide to Traffic Engineering Practice Part 13 – Pedestrians. Sydney, Australia: Author.

Bauer, K.M., and Harwood, D.W. (1996). Statistical Models of At–Grade Intersection Accidents (FHWA–RD–96–125). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

Belella, P., Millar, D., and Sharma, S. (1998). Intelligent Transportation Systems Field Operational Test Cross–Cutting Study Commercial Vehicle Operations: Roadside (FHWA–RD–99–036). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

Blackwell, H.R. (1946). "Contrast Thresholds of the Human Eye." Journal of the Optical Society of America, 36(11), 624–643.

Boot, T.J.M. (1987). Verkeersongevallen op de VOP en de GOP op kruispunten (Traffic Accidents on Signalized and Non–Signalized Pedestrian Crossings). Driebergen, The Netherlands: SVT.

Bowers, P.H. (1986). "Environmental Traffic Restraint: German Approaches to Traffic Management by Design." Build Environment, 12.

Bulpitt, M. (1995). "Traffic Calming: Have We Given Everyone the Hump, or Is It Just a Load of Chicanery?" Highways and Transportation, 12.

Campbell, J.L., Richard, C.M., Brown, J.L., Nakata, A., and Kludt, K. (June 2003). Technical Compendium and Summary of IVI–Related Human Factors Research. Seattle, WA: Battelle Human Factors Transportation Center.

Chua, C.S., and Fisher, A.J. (June 1991). "Performance Measurements of Local Area Traffic Management: A Case Study." Australian Road Research, 21(2).

Cole, B.L., and Brown, B. (1966). "A Note on the Effectiveness of Surround Screens for Road Traffic Signal Lights." Journal of the Australian Road Research Board, 2(10), 21–23.

Dahlerbrach, A., Rychlicki, M., and Vaziri, B. (1993). "Speed Humps: Implementation and Impact on Residential Traffic Control." Compendium of Technical Papers, ITE District 6 Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV.

Davies, D.G. (1999). Research, Development, and Implementation of Pedestrian Safety Facilities in the United Kingdom (FHWA–RD–99–089). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Ekman, L. (1996). On the Treatment of Flow in Traffic Safety Analysis. Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering, Lund, Sweden: Lund Institute of Technology.

Ekman, L., and Draskoczy, M. (1992). Trials With Microwave Detection of Vulnerable Road Users and Preliminary Empirical Model Test. ITS Working Paper 336, Leeds, UK:University of Leeds, Institute for Transportation Studies.

Engel, U., and Thomsen, L.K. (1992). "Safety Effects of Speed-Reducing Measures in Danish Residential Areas." Accident Analysis and Prevention, 24(1).

Ewing, R., Kooshian, C. and White, M. (April 1998). Traffic Calming State of the Art.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

Federal Highway Administration (1983). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (MUTCD). Washington, DC: Author.

Federal Highway Administration (1988). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (MUTCD). Washington, DC: Author.

Federal Highway Administration (1998). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (MUTCD). Washington, DC: Author.

Federal Highway Administration (2000). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (MUTCD). Washington, DC: Author.

Federal Highway Administration (2001). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways, Millenium Edition (MUTCD). Washington, DC: Author.

Federal Highway Administration (2003). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (MUTCD). Washington, DC: Author.

Fisher, A. (1971).The Luminous Intensity of a Traffic Signal Necessary for Detection by Peripheral Vision. CIE XVII Session, Barcelona, Spain (71.04).

Gourvil, L., Pellerin, G., and Hassan, S. (1994). Evaluation de l’efficasite des feux de pietons tricolors. 29e congres annuel de l’ A.Q.T.R. (Associations Quebecoise du transport etdes Routes, Inc.) Valleyfield, Quebec, pp. 387–406.

Griffin, L.I., III, and Reinhardt, R.N. (February 1996). A Review of Two Innovative Pavement Patterns That Have Been Developed to Reduce Traffic Speeds and Crashes. Washington, DC: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

Halbert, G., Marabian, L., Yousef, H., and Murray, T. (1993). "The Neighborhood Traffic Safety Program: Implementation of a Residential Traffic Control Program in the City of San Diego." Compendium of Technical Papers, ITE District 6 Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV.

Herrstedt, L. (1992). "Traffic Calming Design: A Speed Management Method: Danish Experiences on Environmentally Adapted Through Roads." Accident Analysis and Prevention, 24(1).

Janssen, E.G., Goudswaard, A.P., Vermissen, A.C.M., and Van Kampen, L.T.B. (1990). Protection of Vulnerable Road Users in the Event of a Collision With a Passenger Car. Part II: Sub–Systems Test Method: Evaluation and Compatibility Study. Delft, The Netherlands: TNO Road–Vehicles Research Institute.

Janssen, E.G., and Nieboer, J.J. (1990). Protection of Vulnerable Road Users in the Event of a Collision With a Passenger Car. Part I: Computer Simulations. Delft, The Netherlands: TNO Road–Vehicles Research Institute.

Jensen, S.U. (March 1998). DUMAS: Safety of Pedestrians and Two-Wheelers. Note No. 51. Copenhagen, Denmark: Road Directorate, Division of Road Safety and Environment.

Kjemtrup, K., and Herrstedt, L. (1992). "Speed Management and Traffic Calming in Urban Areas in Europe: A Historical View." Accident Analysis and Prevention, 24(1).

Krammes, R., Brackett, R.O., Shafer, M., Ottesen, J., Anderson, I., Fink, K., Collins, K., Pendleton, O., and Messer, C. (1995). Horizontal Alignment Design Consistency for Rural Two–Lane Highways (FHWA–RD–94–034). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

Migletz, J., Fish, J.K., and Graham, J.L. (1994). Roadway Delineation Practices Handbook (FHWA–SA–93–001). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

Pfefer, R.C., Sorton, A., Fegan, J., and Rosenbaum, M.J. (December 1982). Pedestrian Ways, Chapter 16: "Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Traffic Control and Roadway Elements." Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

Pitt, R., Guyer, B., Chung–Cheng, H., and Malek, M. (December 1990). "The Severity of Pedestrian Injuries in Children: An Analysis of the Pedestrian Injury Causation Study." Accident Analysis and Prevention, 22(6), 549–559.

Prikken, L.J.J., and Gerretsen, J.J. (1988). Verkeersvoorzieningen voor mensen met een handicap Handleiding en vragenlijst voor inventarisatie van verkeersruimte naar toegankelijkheid voor lichamelijk gehandicapten. (Traffic Provisions for Disabled Persons: Manual and Questionnaire for the Inventory of Traffic Provisions to the Accessibility for Disabled Persons). The Hague, The Netherlands: Distributiecentrum DOP.

Solomon, D. (1964). Accidents on Main Rural Highways Related to Speed, Driver, and Vehicle. Washington, DC : U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (Reprinted 1974).

Standards Australia (1990). AS 1742.10, Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, Part 10: Pedestrian Control and Protection. North Sydney: Author.

Standards Australia (1991). AS 1742.13, Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, Part 13: Local Area Traffic Management. North Sydney: Author.

Staplin, L., Lococo, K., Byington, S., and Harkey, D. (2001). Highway Design Handbook For Older Drivers And Pedestrians (FHWA–RD–01–103). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Staplin, L., Lococo, K.H., McKnight, A.J., McKnight, A.S., and Odenheimer, G. (1998). Intersection Negotiation Problems of Older Drivers, Volume II: Background Synthesision Age and Intersection Driving Difficulties (DOT HS 808 850). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Van Houten, R., and Malenfant, L. (1992). "The Influence of Signs Prompting Motorists to Yield 50 ft (15.5 m) Before Marked Crosswalks on Motor Vehicle–Pedestrian Conflicts at Crosswalks With Pedestrian–Activated Flashing Lights." Accident Analysis and Prevention, 24, 217–225.

Van Houten, R., Van Houten, J., Malenfant, J.E.L., and Retting, R.A. (1998). "Use of Animation in LED Signals to Improve Pedestrian Safety." Paper presented at the Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.

Vis, A., Dijkstra, A., and Slop, M. (1992). "Safety Effects of 30–km/h Zones in the Netherlands." Accident Analysis and Prevention, 24(1).

Vogt, A. (1999). Crash Models for Rural Intersections: Four–Lane by Two–Lane Stop–Controlled and Two–Lane by Two–Lane Signalized (FHWA–RD–99–128). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

Vogt, A., and Bared, J.G. (1998a). Accident Models for Two–Lane Rural Roads: Segments and Intersections (FHWA–RD–98–133). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

Vogt, A., and Bared, J.G. (1998b). "Accident Models for Two–Lane Rural Segments and Intersections." Transportation Research Record 1635, 18–29.

Webster, D. (1993). Road Humps for Controlling Vehicle Speeds, TRL Project Report 18. Crowthorne, England: Transport Research Laboratory.

Webster, D.C., and Mackie, A.M. (1996). Review of Traffic–Calming Schemes in 20–mi/h Zones, TRL Report 215. Crowthorne, England: Transport Research Laboratory.

Wheeler, A. and Taylor, M. (1995). "Reducing Speeds in Villages: the VISP Study," Traffic Engineering and Control, 36(4).

Zaidel, D., Hakkert, A.S., and Barkan, R. (1986). "Rumble Strips and Paint Stripes at a Rural Intersection." Transportation Research Record 1069, Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.

Zegeer, C.V. (August 1991). Synthesis of Safety Research: Pedestrians (FHWA–SA–91–034).Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C.V., Seiderman, C., Lagerwey, P., Cyneki, M., Ronkin, M., and Schneider, R. (2001). Pedestrian Facilities Users Guide: Providing Safety and Mobility (FHWA–RD–01–102). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

 

FHWA-HRT-06-034

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