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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-99-089
Date: December 1999

Research, Development, and Implementation of Pedestrian Safety Facilities in the United Kingdom

 

14. Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations

DETR   Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (formerly Department of Transport). UK Government department responsible for transport in England.
DOE   Department of the Environment (now part of Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions). UK Government department responsible for land use planning, local government, and other matters in England.
DOT    Department of Transport (now part of Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions). UK Government department responsible for transport in England.
DRIVE A transport technology research program funded by the European Community.
IHT Institution of Highways and Transportation. UK professional association for traffic engineers.
LTN Local Transport Note. Technical advice note issued by DETR.
MOVA    Micro-processor Optimized Vehicle Actuation. A sophisticated traffic signal control system for isolated junctions or crossings, developed by TRL on behalf of the DOT, that adjusts signal timings in response to demands.
Pelican   PEdestrian LIght CONtrolled crossing. A mid-block signal-controlled crossing for pedestrians.
Puffin  Pedestrian User Friendly INtelligent crossing. A mid-block signal-controlled crossing for pedestrians, that adjusts waiting and crossing times in response to demands. The replacement for the Pelican.
STATS 19  Form used by police in UK to record road traffic accidents.
Toucan   Two Can Cross. A signal-controlled crossing for shared use by cyclists and pedestrians.
TRL Transport Research Laboratory. Principal UK transport research centre, previously part of DOT but now independent.
TRO Legal procedure whereby local highway authorities introduce specific traffic (Traffic controls, such as “No Entry” or “One-Way” restrictions. Regulation Order)
UTC   Urban Traffic Control.
VA    Vehicle Actuation. In systems with VA, traffic signals detect and respond to approaching traffic. (In fixed-time systems, traffic signals are not responsive to traffic flow.)
VSPD   Volume Sensitive Pedestrian Detection. A system that can detect and quantify the presence of pedestrians (at signal-controlled pedestrian crossings).
Zebra Pedestrian crossing without signal control, indicated by black and white bands on the surface of the carriageway. Motor vehicles must give way to pedestrians who have established precedence on the crossing.

Notes

  1. The United Kingdom (UK) comprises England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Great Britain (GB) comprises England, Scotland, and Wales. While many aspects of pedestrian facilities are common throughout the four countries, there are legal and administrative differences. This report refers to the situation in England.
  2. Following the UK General Election in May 1997, the Department of Transport (DOT) was merged with other Government departments to form the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR).

Acknowledgments

David Davies Associates is grateful to all those who assisted with this report, particularly to David Williams, Adrian Waddams, Eric Wyatt and Suku Phull (Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions), and to Paul Cullen and Rosamund Weatherall (Pedestrians Association). However, they bear no responsibility for the contents of this report.

 

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