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Freight Economy

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FHWA's Roundtable on the Freight Economy: Detroit, Michigan

Date: August 23, 2016

Our Host: Southeast Michigan Council of Governments (SEMCOG) and Metropolitan Affairs Coalition

Key Regional Transportation Facilities and Freight Hubs

HIGHWAYSI-94, I-96, I-75, I-69, I-696, I-275, I-375, I-475, US-23, US-24, US-12, US-223, US-127
RAILROADSClass I: CN, CSX, NS, CP; Class III: Conrail, Ann Arbor RR, Lake State Railway, Lapeer Industrial RR, Great Lakes Central RR, Delray Connecting RR, Indiana and Ohio Railway, Adrian and Blissfield RR, Huron and Eastern RR
AIRPORTSDetroit Metro, Willow Run
WATERBORNEDetroit, St. Clair, Monroe, Marine City, Marysville, Port Huron
BORDER PORTS OF ENTRYBlue Water Bridge, St. Clair River Tunnel, Ambassador Bridge, Detroit Windsor Tunnel, Detroit River Rail Tunnel, Detroit Windsor Truck Ferry, Walpole Island Ferry, Bluewater Ferry

Freight Facilities

Source: MDOT

Stakeholders Represented by the Following:

What the future of freight will look like forSoutheast Michigan Region:

Data represents freight activity forGenesee, Lapeer , Lenawee , Livingston , Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, Washtenaw, Wayne counties

Top 5 Commodities by Value 2045

Commodity Value (millions $) % of total
Motorized vehicles 275,845 26%
Basic chemicals 162,243 15%
Machinery 115,263 11%
Electronics 88,197 8%
Mixed freight 44,461 4%
All commodities 1,068,427 100%

Top 5 Commodities by Weight 2045

Commodity Tons (thousands) % of total
Natural gas (Coal-n.e.c.) 71,355 19%
Motorized vehicles 38,731 10%
Base metals 34,957 9%
Nonmetal min. prods. 32,157 9%
Other foodstuffs 15,781 4%
All commodities 370,232 100%

Trading Partners 2045

Outbound by Weight of Shipment
(thousand tons)

Trade partner Tonnage % of total
Michigan 16,401 20%
Canada 15,351 19%
Ohio 15,336 19%
Indiana 7,529 9%
Mexico 2,657 3%
Total outbound 81,425 100%

Inbound by Weight of Shipment
(thousand tons)

Trade partner Tonnage % of total
Canada 32,540 16%
Michigan 32,422 16%
Ohio 30,476 15%
Indiana 30,444 15%
Mexico 10,317 5%
Total inbound 201,073 100%

Based on FAF4.2 data with base year 2012 and forecasts upto 2045
Outbound: domestic and exports originated from the region
Inbound: domestic and imports destination in the region
Intra region moves not included

Modal Freight Share by Tonnage, 2012 and 2045

In 2014, the Michigan GDP was $447.2 billion and ranked 13th in the U.S. The Detroit MSA GDP was $236.5 billion and represented 53% of the state’s GDP.

About 45% of Southeast Michigan’s employment is generated by freight-intensive industries.

Between 2012 and 2045, the Southeast Michigan region will see freight activity increase by 137% in value and about 65% in tonnage.

From 2012 to 2045, the Southeast Michigan region’s share of international freight value is projected to grow from about 25% to about 45%.

Ranked first in freight value among Southeast Michigan commodities, the motorized vehicles sector is expected to grow from $172 billion in 2012 to $275 billion in 2045.

In 2014, annual congestion costs in the Detroit region were $3.5 billion, ranking 15th in the nation.

In 2015, I-75 between Detroit and Toledo was Michigan’s busiest corridor carrying 15,500 trucks, followed by I-94 through Romulus and Taylor with 14,300 trucks per day.

Michigan border crossings facilitated $31.4 billion in U.S. trade with the rest of the world, including $9.1 billion of Michigan trade with the world. Michigan border crossings handle $16.70 billion (or 53.72%) of total Canada/Mexico trade.

The Ambassador Bridge in Detroit is the busiest commercial border crossing in the nation with almost 2.5 million trucks crossing it in 2014. The Blue Water Bridge in Port Huron is the second busiest on the northern border with nearly 1.6 million trucks.

Eight states – IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, OH, and WI – have jointly developed a real-time, multi-state Truck Parking Information Management System (TPIMS). The $25 million TIGER project will deploy a regional TPIMS on I-35, I-65, I-70, I-71, I-75, I-275, and I-94 corridors by February 2018.

Sources for Freight Facts: FAF4 Data, BTS, Bureau of Economic Analysis,TTI 2015 Urban Mobility Scorecard,http://nats.sct.gob.mx/go-totables, MDOT 2040 State Long-Range Transportation Plan, MDOT

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