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Freight Economy

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FHWA's Roundtable on the Freight Economy: Greater St. Louis Region, MO-IL

Date: September 12, 2016

Our Host: Bi-State Development and St. Louis Regional Freightway

Key Regional Transportation Facilities and Freight Hubs

HIGHWAYSI-70, I-270, I55, I-64-, I-44, I-57, I-255, I-170
RAILROADSClass I Railroads – Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF), Canadian National (CN), CSX Transport (CSX), Kansas City Southern (KCS), Norfolk Southern (NS) and Union Pacific (UP)
AIRPORTSLambert St. Louis International Airport , MidAmerica St. Louis Airport
WATERBORNEFour Inland Ports: America’s Central Port, St. Louis Municipal River Terminal, Kaskaskia River Port District 1, Kaskaskia River Port District 2

Freight Facilities

Source: Bi-State Development Agency-St Louis regional Freightway

What the future of freight will look like for the Greater St. Louis Region:

Data represents freight activity for MO CountiesFranklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Francois, St. Louis County, Warren, St. Louis City and IL Counties Bond, Calhoun, Clinton, Jersey, Macoupin, Madison, Marion, Monroe, St. Clair.

Top 5 Commodities by Value 2045

Commodity Value (millions $) % of total
Pharmaceuticals 67,070 14%
Electronics 30,279 6%
Misc. mfg. prods. 27,609 6%
Machinery 26,943 6%
Chemical prods. 26,531 5%
All commodities 482,536 100%

Top 5 Commodities by Weight 2045

Commodity Tons (thousands) % of total
Cereal grains 37,681 11%
Crude petroleum 31,781 9%
Other ag prods. 27,143 8%
Nonmetal min. prods. 26,744 7%
Gravel 25,554 7%
All commodities 358,824 100%

Trading Partners 2045

Outbound by Weight of Shipment
(thousand tons)

Trade partner Tonnage % of total
Illinois 17,952 21%
Missouri 10,148 12%
Louisiana 7,330 9%
Europe 6,778 8%
Eastern Asia 4,885 6%
Total outbound* 84,116 100%

Inbound by Weight of Shipment
(thousand tons)

Trade partner Tonnage % of total
Illinois 27,811 16%
Canada 26,995 15%
Missouri 19,602 11%
Minnesota 13,135 7%
Iowa 10,369 6%
Total inbound** 176,373 100%

Sources: Freight Analysis Framework 4 (FAF4.2), 2045 data
Includes all modes but excludes intraregional flows. *Other outbound = 37,023/44% **Other inbound =78,461/44%

Modal Freight Share by Tonnage, 2012 and 2045

In 2014, the Missouri GDP was $283.3 billion and ranked 21st in U.S. States. The St. Louis, MO-IL MSA GDP was $149.95 billion.

About 42% of the Greater St. Louis region employment is generated by freight-intensive industries.

The Greater St. Louis region multimodal freight activity will increase by 74% in value from $277 billion in 2012 to $483 billion in 2045.

The Greater St Louis region's domestic freight activity share in 2012 was about 85% in tonnage, and the region is expected to maintain this share in 2045.

In 2012, rail carried about a quarter of all freight tonnage in Greater St. Louis region.

In 2014, the region's inland port handled 38.9 million freight tons and ranked 17th among U.S ports. It provides northernmost ice-free/lockfree Mississippi River access to/from the Gulf of Mexico.

In 2014, annual congestion costs in the St. Louis region were $1.64 billion, ranking 37th in the nation.

Missouri has the seventh largest highway system among U.S. states with 33,700 centerline miles of roadway, six Class I freight railroads operating 4,200 miles of main track rail lines, and 1,050 miles of navigable rivers.

Pharmaceuticals rank first in trading commodity freight value in the Greater St. Louis region with $28 billion trading in 2012. It is projected to be $67 billion trading in 2045 with a 14% share of the region's total freight value.

The region is home to an industrial real estate market with more than 250 million square feet of distribution and manufacturing space. More than 75 companies operate large distribution facilities with more than 250,000 square feet, including some with one million square feet.

Sources for Freight Facts: FAF4 Data, BTS, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Missouri State Freight Plan 2014, Bi-State Development Agency, St Louis Regional Freightway, EWGCOG, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States, TTI 2015 Urban Mobility Scorecard.

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Page last modified on August 29, 2017
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