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MAP-21 - Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century

Home / MAP-21 / Fact Sheets / National Highway Performance Program (NHPP)

This MAP-21 fact sheet has been superseded by a FAST Act fact sheet.

National Highway Performance Program (NHPP)

Year 2013 2014
Estimated funding $ 21.8 B * $ 21.9 B *

* Calculated (sum of estimated individual State NHPP apportionments)

Program purpose

The NHPP provides support for the condition and performance of the National Highway System (NHS), for the construction of new facilities on the NHS, and to ensure that investments of Federal-aid funds in highway construction are directed to support progress toward the achievement of performance targets established in a State's asset management plan for the NHS.

Statutory citation(s): MAP-21 §1106; 23 USC 119

Funding features

Funded by contract authority from the Highway Account of the Highway Trust Fund. Funds are subject to the overall Federal-aid obligation limitation.

MAP-21 has a new approach to core formula program funding, authorizing a lump sum total instead of individual authorizations for each program. Once each State's share of the total is calculated, it is divided up by program within the State. (See "Apportionment" fact sheet for more detail).


From the State's NHPP apportionment, the following sums are to be set aside:

Federal share: Determined in accordance with 23 USC 120, including a special rate for certain safety projects and a new provision for increased Federal share for projects incorporating Innovative Project Delivery. The Federal share for NHPP projects for a State that has not implemented an asset management plan within the established timeframe is limited to 65%. Other exceptions to 23 USC 120 are provided for certain freight projects, workforce development, training, and education activities, Appalachian development highway system projects. (See "Federal Share" fact sheet)

Eligible activities

NHPP projects must be on an eligible facility and support progress toward achievement of national performance goals for improving infrastructure condition, safety, mobility, or freight movement on the NHS, and be consistent with Metropolitan and Statewide planning requirements. Eligible activities include:

Workforce development, training, and education activities are also an eligible use of NHPP funds.

[§1109; 23 USC 504(e)]

Location of projects

NHPP funds may only be used for projects on or associated with the NHS as described above under "Eligible activities." An exception is provided under certain circumstances for non-NHS highway or transit projects in an NHS corridor.

Program features

Enhanced National Highway System

Under MAP-21, the enhanced NHS is composed of approximately 220,000 miles of rural and urban roads serving major population centers, international border crossings, intermodal transportation facilities, and major travel destinations. It includes:

[§1104; 23 USC 103]

Asset management

Within 18 months of enactment, the Secretary is directed to publish a rulemaking establishing the process for States to use in developing a risk-based, performance-based asset management plan for preserving and improving the condition of the NHS. States are encouraged to include all infrastructure assets within the right-of-way corridor. The plan must include at least the following:

Each State's process must be reviewed and recertified at least every 4 years. If certification is denied, the State has 90 days to cure deficiencies. If a State has not developed and implemented an asset management plan consistent with requirements by the beginning of the 2nd fiscal year after the establishment of the process, the Federal share for NHPP projects in that fiscal year is reduced to 65%.

Minimum pavement and bridge conditions

Bridge and tunnel inspection standards

If a State is in noncompliance with bridge and tunnel inspection standards established by the Secretary, a portion of NHPP funds must be used to correct the problem. (See "Bridge and Tunnel Inspection" fact sheet). [§1111; 23 USC 144(h)(5)]


Within 18 months of enactment, the Secretary, in consultation with States, MPOs, and other stakeholders, is directed to publish a rulemaking establishing:

[§1203; 23 USC 150(c)]

States are required to establish targets for these measures within 1 year of the final rule on national performance measures. [§1203; 23 USC 150(d)]

Transition period

Until a State has in effect an approved asset management plan and has established performance targets, but no later than 18 months after the Secretary has promulgated the rulemaking for the performance measures, the Secretary will approve obligations of funds in that State for the NHPP that otherwise meet the NHPP eligibility criteria. This transition period may be extended if the Secretary determines that the State has made a good faith effort to establish an asset management plan and performance targets.


Page last modified on September 12, 2013
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