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Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) for Sustainable Project Delivery

What are EPDs?

An EPD is a transparent, verified report of the environmental impacts of product manufacturing.

  • Communicate environmental impacts of material or product
  • Express the results of a life-cycle assessment (LCA)
  • Developed with stakeholder input
  • Follow industry specifications described in the Product Category Rule (PCR)
  • EPDs and PCRs are not required by Federal law or regulation

EPD Concepts, Objectives, and Benefits

A mini flow chart reads: Using guidance from ISO and European standards... an LCA is conducted for the product, process, or system.  It then points to an image of a road with an enlargement with a label listing Environmental Impacts, including Global Warming Potential, Ozone Depletion Potential, Smog Potential.

EPDs are product labels developed by industry in accordance with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Standard 14025 (ISO 2006). They are developed using LCA procedures and following the industry consensus methodology described in the governing PCR document. As specified in ISO 14025, EPDs undergo third-party verification before being published.

In the domain of pavements, EPDs are being developed for such construction materials as cement, aggregates, asphalt mixtures, concrete mixtures, and steel reinforcement. Based on ISO 14025 , EPDs are produced with the following objectives:

  • Provide verifiable and transparent environmental impacts information for materials or products based on LCA
  • Help purchasers to make more informed decisions
  • Encourage industry efficiency and environmental improvement
  • Support the supply and demand of products that produce less stress on environment
  • Provide data for assessment of the products over their full life cycle.

The benefits of EPDs are:

  • Sustainable Procurement. EPDs encourage the demand and supply of products that promote the more sustainable use of resources and create less stress on the environment.
  • Sustainable Design. EPDs provide critical information for use in conceptual- and project-level full LCAs or other types of environmental assessment of alternative design decisions. EPDs allow for meaningful comparisons of environmental performance between materials fulfilling the same function.
  • Sustainable Asset Management. EPD data can be included in databases used in asset management systems to perform network-level LCA and identify areas for environmental performance improvement.

Examples of How Agencies Can Use EPDs

  • Agencies can request EPDs at material installation to establish benchmarks of current practices and develop performance metrics for the project.
  • Agencies can leverage the use of EPDs to support the decision-making process throughout the project delivery process.
  • EPDs can help agencies reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in their construction projects.
Declared Products:
Description:Exterior 4000 PSI
Compressive strength: 4000 PSI at 28 days

Declared Unit: 1 m3 of concrete
Global Warming Potential (kg CO -eq) 318
Ozone Depletion Potential (kg CFC-11-eq) 7.15E-6
Acidification Potential (kg SO -eq) 0.95
Eutrophication Potential (kg N-eq) 0.24
Photochemical Ozone Creation Potential (kg O -eq) 20.7
Abiotic Depletion, non-fossil (kg Sb-eq) 5.82E-5
Abiotic Depletion, fossil (MJ) 658
Total Waste Disposed (kg) 94.2
Consumption of Freshwater (m3) 2.40
Product Components: natural aggregate (ASTM C33), Portland cement (ASTM C150), fly ash (ASTM C618), batch water (ASTM C1602), admixture (ASTM C494), admixture (ASTM C260)

Sample information from Concrete EPD

An Environmental Product Declaration for Asphalt Mixtures
Gradation Type: dense
Mix Design Method: superpave
Nominal Maximum Aggregate Size: 12.5 mm
Performance Grade of Asphalt Binder: PG 58-28
This mix producer categorizes this product as a Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) asphalt mixture.
This asphalt mixture was produced within a temperature range of 150 to 161°C
Global warming potential (GWP-100) 71.05 (64.46) kg CO2 Equiv.
Ozone depletion potential (ODP) 9.92e-08 (9.00e-08) kg CFC-11 Equiv.
Eutrophication potential (EP) 1.24e-02 (1.13e-02) kg N Equiv.
Acidification potential (AP) 1.72e-01 (1.56e-01) kg SO2 Equiv.
Photochemical ozone creation potential (POCP) 4.51 (4.09) kg O3 Equiv.
DECLARED UNIT: The declared unit is 1 metric tonne (1 short ton) of an asphalt mixture
Component Material Weight %
Aggregate Natural Stone 15
Aggregate Natural Stone21
Aggregate Natural Stone13
Aggregate Natural Stone14
Aggregate Natural Stone8
RAPReclaimed Asphalt Pavement24
Binder Unmodified4

Sample information from Asphalt EPD

Updated: 02/02/2023
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