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Fact Sheets on Highway Provisions
USE OF HIGH OCCUPANCY VEHICLE (HOV) LANES
SAFETEA-LU enhances and clarifies provisions governing the use and operation of HOV lanes.
SAFETEA-LU Section(s): 1121
Other: 23 USC 102
Replaces 23 USC 102(a) relating to HOV passenger requirements. A State agency with jurisdiction over the operation of a HOV facility shall establish occupancy requirements for HOV lanes, allowing no fewer than two vehicles with the following exceptions:
Excess toll revenues. Priority consideration for use of toll revenues shall be given to projects for developing alternatives to single occupancy vehicle travel and for improving highway safety.
HOV facility management, operation, monitoring, and enforcement. State agency that chooses to allow the exceptions to HOV requirements must certify to the Secretary that they have established a program to monitor, assess, and report on the operation of the facility and the impact of high occupancy toll vehicles and other low emission and energy efficient vehicles. An adequate enforcement program is also required, and provision made for limiting or discontinuing the exemption(s) if the facility becomes seriously degraded. *
EPA final rule. Within 180 days of enactment, EPA must issue a final rule establishing requirements for certification of vehicles as low emission and energy-efficient, and requirements for labeling vehicles. EPA must also establish guidelines and procedures for making vehicle comparisons and performance calculations.
Definitions. Provides definitions for alternative fuel vehicle, HOV facility, low emission and energy-efficient vehicle, public transportation vehicle, State agency.
Sense of Congress. States should provide incentives for purchase and use of hybrid and other fuel efficient vehicles.