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Transportation Performance Management

 

State Highway Safety Report (2018) - Colorado

The following provides a summary of the Highway Safety Improvement Program’s (HSIP) safety performance measures and State safety performance targets. As per the Safety PM Final Rule, States are required to set annual safety targets in the HSIP annual report for the number of fatalities, rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT), number of serious injuries, rate of serious injures per 100 million VMT, and number of non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries. The safety performance targets are based on 5-year rolling averages. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate. The agency encourages States to review data sets and trends and consider factors that may affect targets. The safety performance targets should be data-driven, realistic, and attainable and should align with the performance management framework and legislative intent.

A State Department of Transportation (DOT) has met or made significant progress towards meeting its safety performance targets when at least four of the five safety performance targets established under 23 CFR 490.209(a) have been met or the actual outcome is better than the baseline performance. The baseline performance is the 5-year average ending with the year prior to the establishment of the target.

The Basis for Target and Additional Comments are provided by the State in their HSIP Annual Report and have not been edited by FHWA. Any questions about individual State reports should be directed to the respective State DOT. For additional information about each State's HSIP, the complete reports are available at https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/reports/.

  • Number of Fatalities

  • Number of Fatalities 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 474 482 488 547 608 648 632
    5-Year Average 519.8 554.6 584.6
    Target (5-Year Average) 610.0 644.0 618.0
  • Basis for Number of Fatalities Target

    CDOT analyzed fatal crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in fatal crash numbers, resulting in short term targets with an increase in fatal crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in fatals and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in order to pursue the aspirational goal. The target of 610 is the predicted five year rolling average.
    CDOT analyzed fatal crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in fatal crash numbers, resulting in short term targets with an increase in fatal crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in fatalities and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in order to pursue the aspirational goal. The target of 644 is the predicted five year rolling average.
    CDOT analyzed fatal crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated flattening trend in fatal crash numbers, resulting in short term targets with a decrease in fatal crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in fatalities and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in order to pursue the aspirational goal. The target of 618 is the predicted five year rolling average.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2012-2017 Final FARS, 2018 FARS Annual Report File
    Targets: 2017-2019 Colorado HSIP Annual Reports

  • Fatality Rate (per 100 million VMT)

  • Fatality Rate
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 1.01 1.03 1.00 1.08 1.17 1.21 1.17
    5-Year Average 1.058 1.098 1.126
    Target (5-Year Average) 1.200 1.210 1.140
  • Basis for Fatality Rate Target

    CDOT analyzed fatal crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. The fatality rate is based on the assumption that fatal crashes and VMT are both increasing in the near term. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in fatality rates, resulting in short term targets with an increase in the fatal rate. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in the fatality rate and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in order to pursue the aspirational goal. The target of 1.2 is based on the five year moving average.
    CDOT analyzed fatal crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. The fatality rate is based on the assumption that fatal crashes and VMT are both increasing in the near term. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in fatality rates, resulting in short term targets with an increase in the fatal rate. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in the fatality rate and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in order to pursue the aspirational goal. The target of 1.21 is based on the five year moving average.
    CDOT analyzed fatal crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. The fatality rate is based on the assumption that fatal crashes and VMT are both increasing in the near term. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future decreases in fatality rates, resulting in short term targets with a decrease in the fatal rate. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in the fatality rate and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in order to pursue the aspirational goal. The target of 1.143 is based on the five year moving average.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2012-2017 Final FARS, 2018 FARS Annual Report File
    VMT: 2012-2018 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2017-2019 Colorado HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Serious Injuries

  • Number of Serious Injuries 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 3,246 3,215 3,222 3,202 2,955 2,879 3,195
    5-Year Average 3,168.0 3,094.6 3,090.6
    Target (5-Year Average) 3,350.0 2,909.0 3,271.0
  • Basis for Number of Serious Injuries Target

    CDOT analyzed serious injury crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in serious injury crash numbers, resulting in short term targets with an increase in serious injury crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in serious injury crashes and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in pursuit of the aspirational goal. The target of 3350 is the predicted five year average.
    CDOT analyzed serious injury crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in serious injury crash numbers, resulting in short term targets with an increase in serious injury crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in serious injury crashes and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in pursuit of the aspirational goal. The target of 2909 is the predicted five year average.
    CDOT analyzed serious injury crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in serious injury crash numbers, resulting in short term targets with an increase in serious injury crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in serious injury crashes and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in pursuit of the aspirational goal. The target of 3271 is the predicted five year average.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2019 Colorado HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2017-2019 Colorado HSIP Annual Reports

  • Rate of Serious Injuries (per 100 million VMT)

  • Rate of Serious Injuries
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 6.94 6.85 6.58 6.35 5.67 5.39 5.92
    5-Year Average 6.478 6.168 5.982
    Target (5-Year Average) 6.790 5.575 6.075
  • Basis for Serious Injury Rate Target

    CDOT analyzed serious injury crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in serious injury crash numbers, resulting in short term targets with an increase in serious injury crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in serious injury crashes and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in pursuit of the aspirational goal. The target of 3350 is the predicted five year average.
    CDOT analyzed serious injury crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in serious injury crash numbers, resulting in short term targets with an increase in serious injury crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in serious injury crashes and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in pursuit of the aspirational goal. The target of 2909 is the predicted five year average.
    CDOT analyzed serious injury crash data going back to 2002, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated future increases in serious injury crash numbers, resulting in short term targets with an increase in serious injury crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in serious injury crashes and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in pursuit of the aspirational goal. The target of 3271 is the predicted five year average.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2019 Colorado HSIP Annual Report
    VMT: 2012-2018 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2017-2019 Colorado HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities
    and Serious Injuries
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 499 556 546 567 539 535 536
    5-Year Average 541.4 548.6 544.6
    Target (5-Year Average) 586.0 514.0 670.0
  • Basis for Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries Target

    CDOT analyzed the non-motorized fatalities and serious injury data going back to 2007, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated increases in the non-motorized crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in the fatality rate and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in order to pursue the aspirational goal. The target of 586 is based on the five year moving average.
    CDOT analyzed the non-motorized fatalities and serious injury data going back to 2007, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated increases in the non-motorized crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in the fatality rate and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in order to pursue the aspirational goal. The target of 514 is based on the five year moving average.
    CDOT analyzed the non-motorized fatalities and serious injury data going back to 2007, developed multiple models, created best fit curves, and determined targets based on examination of the various predicted values. Contributing factors were considered, including the following: population growth, increases in VMT, economic growth, potential funding changes, and legislative changes. All of the models indicated increases in the non-motorized crashes. The SHSP is an aspirational goal of moving Colorado towards zero deaths and is the long term vision for the state. The targets recognize the uptick in the fatality rate and the need to focus on programs to reduce crashes in order to pursue the aspirational goal. The target of 670 is based on the five year moving average.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2012-2017 Final FARS, 2018 FARS Annual Report File
    Serious Injuries: 2019 Colorado HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2017-2019 Colorado HSIP Annual Reports


Additional Comments

2018 Comments:

For detailed information regarding the methodology for setting such performance targets, please contact CDOT Headquarters Traffic & Safety Engineering.

Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary

PLEASE NOTE: Each State’s safety performance target assessment is based on its own State-specific target methodology and program philosophy. Therefore, conclusions should not be drawn based only on the information in the Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary table. For example, the State may have set aggressive targets, and not met those targets, while another State may have set more easily attainable targets, and met those targets. FHWA understands that each State’s safety program is unique and therefore does not prescribe a methodology for States to set targets. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate when setting their safety performance targets.

Colorado Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary
Performance Measure 2014-2018 Target 2014-2018 Outcome 2012-2016 Baseline Met Target? Better Than Baseline? Met or Made Significant Progress?
Number of Fatalities 610.0 584.6 519.8 Yes N/A YES
Rate of Fatalities 1.200 1.126 1.058 Yes N/A
Number of Serious Injuries 3,350.0 3,090.6 3,168.0 Yes N/A
Rate of Serious Injuries 6.790 5.982 6.478 Yes N/A
Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries 586.0 544.6 541.4 Yes N/A

Updated: 08/11/2020
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