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Transportation Performance Management

 

State Highway Safety Report (2018) - Maryland

The following provides a summary of the Highway Safety Improvement Program’s (HSIP) safety performance measures and State safety performance targets. As per the Safety PM Final Rule, States are required to set annual safety targets in the HSIP annual report for the number of fatalities, rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT), number of serious injuries, rate of serious injures per 100 million VMT, and number of non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries. The safety performance targets are based on 5-year rolling averages. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate. The agency encourages States to review data sets and trends and consider factors that may affect targets. The safety performance targets should be data-driven, realistic, and attainable and should align with the performance management framework and legislative intent.

A State Department of Transportation (DOT) has met or made significant progress towards meeting its safety performance targets when at least four of the five safety performance targets established under 23 CFR 490.209(a) have been met or the actual outcome is better than the baseline performance. The baseline performance is the 5-year average ending with the year prior to the establishment of the target.

The Basis for Target and Additional Comments are provided by the State in their HSIP Annual Report and have not been edited by FHWA. Any questions about individual State reports should be directed to the respective State DOT. For additional information about each State's HSIP, the complete reports are available at https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/reports/.

  • Number of Fatalities

  • Number of Fatalities 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 511 465 442 520 522 558 501
    5-Year Average 492.0 501.4 508.6
    Target (5-Year Average) 415.6 435.0 425.7
  • Basis for Number of Fatalities Target

    Maryland maintains the TZD approach by developing interim targets to reduce fatalities by at least 50 percent in the next two decades (from 592 in 2008 to 296 in 2030). Considering the federal guidelines detailed in Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) and the subsequent Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, Maryland executives collaborated on revisions to the target-setting methodology. The initial TZD goal remains: 296 fatalities or fewer by 2030. The annual targets for each of the SHSP’s six emphasis areas are set using an exponential trend line connecting the historical data to the 2030 goal. Five-year averages are used to calculate projections, and the targets for each individual year are taken from the midpoint of the five-year average (e.g., 2017 annual interim target = midpoint of the 2015-2019 average). The same methodology was used for serious injury targets. However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets. This method was applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) fatalities, fatality rate, serious injury, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable, and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2012–2016 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2015–2019 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2013–2017 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2016–2020 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2012-2017 Final FARS, 2018 FARS Annual Report File
    Targets: 2017-2019 Maryland HSIP Annual Reports

  • Fatality Rate (per 100 million VMT)

  • Fatality Rate
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 0.90 0.82 0.78 0.90 0.88 0.93 0.84
    5-Year Average 0.856 0.862 0.866
    Target (5-Year Average) 0.680 0.771 0.750
  • Basis for Fatality Rate Target

    Maryland maintains the TZD approach by developing interim targets to reduce fatalities by at least 50 percent in the next two decades (from 592 in 2008 to 296 in 2030). Considering the federal guidelines detailed in Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) and the subsequent Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, Maryland executives collaborated on revisions to the target-setting methodology. The initial TZD goal remains: 296 fatalities or fewer by 2030. The annual targets for each of the SHSP’s six emphasis areas are set using an exponential trend line connecting the historical data to the 2030 goal. Five-year averages are used to calculate projections, and the targets for each individual year are taken from the midpoint of the five-year average (e.g., 2017 annual interim target = midpoint of the 2015-2019 average). The same methodology was used for serious injury targets. However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets. This method was applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) fatalities, fatality rate, serious injury, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable, and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2012–2016 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2015–2019 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2013–2017 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2016–2020 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2012-2017 Final FARS, 2018 FARS Annual Report File
    VMT: 2012-2018 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2017-2019 Maryland HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Serious Injuries

  • Number of Serious Injuries 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 3,312 2,957 3,053 2,595 3,164 3,345 3,224
    5-Year Average 3,016.2 3,022.8 3,076.2
    Target (5-Year Average) 3,171.3 3,211.1 3,029.4
  • Basis for Number of Serious Injuries Target

    Maryland maintains the TZD approach by developing interim targets to reduce fatalities by at least 50 percent in the next two decades (from 592 in 2008 to 296 in 2030). Considering the federal guidelines detailed in Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) and the subsequent Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, Maryland executives collaborated on revisions to the target-setting methodology. The initial TZD goal remains: 296 fatalities or fewer by 2030. The annual targets for each of the SHSP’s six emphasis areas are set using an exponential trend line connecting the historical data to the 2030 goal. Five-year averages are used to calculate projections, and the targets for each individual year are taken from the midpoint of the five-year average (e.g., 2017 annual interim target = midpoint of the 2015-2019 average). The same methodology was used for serious injury targets. However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets. This method was applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) fatalities, fatality rate, serious injury, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable, and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2012–2016 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2015–2019 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2013–2017 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2016–2020 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2019 Maryland HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2017-2019 Maryland HSIP Annual Reports

  • Rate of Serious Injuries (per 100 million VMT)

  • Rate of Serious Injuries
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 5.86 5.22 5.41 4.51 5.35 5.57 5.39
    5-Year Average 5.270 5.212 5.246
    Target (5-Year Average) 5.637 5.702 5.372
  • Basis for Serious Injury Rate Target

    Maryland maintains the TZD approach by developing interim targets to reduce fatalities by at least 50 percent in the next two decades (from 592 in 2008 to 296 in 2030). Considering the federal guidelines detailed in Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) and the subsequent Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, Maryland executives collaborated on revisions to the target-setting methodology. The initial TZD goal remains: 296 fatalities or fewer by 2030. The annual targets for each of the SHSP’s six emphasis areas are set using an exponential trend line connecting the historical data to the 2030 goal. Five-year averages are used to calculate projections, and the targets for each individual year are taken from the midpoint of the five-year average (e.g., 2017 annual interim target = midpoint of the 2015-2019 average). The same methodology was used for serious injury targets. However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets. This method was applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) fatalities, fatality rate, serious injury, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable, and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2012–2016 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2015–2019 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2013–2017 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2016–2020 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2019 Maryland HSIP Annual Report
    VMT: 2012-2018 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2017-2019 Maryland HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities
    and Serious Injuries
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 509 511 539 483 711 717 689
    5-Year Average 550.6 592.2 627.8
    Target (5-Year Average) 459.2 473.9 465.8
  • Basis for Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries Target

    Maryland maintains the TZD approach by developing interim targets to reduce fatalities by at least 50 percent in the next two decades (from 592 in 2008 to 296 in 2030). Considering the federal guidelines detailed in Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) and the subsequent Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, Maryland executives collaborated on revisions to the target-setting methodology. The initial TZD goal remains: 296 fatalities or fewer by 2030. The annual targets for each of the SHSP’s six emphasis areas are set using an exponential trend line connecting the historical data to the 2030 goal. Five-year averages are used to calculate projections, and the targets for each individual year are taken from the midpoint of the five-year average (e.g., 2017 annual interim target = midpoint of the 2015-2019 average). The same methodology was used for serious injury targets. However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets. This method was applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) fatalities, fatality rate, serious injury, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable, and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2012–2016 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2015–2019 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.
    Maryland has set highway safety performance targets that are quantifiable and data driven, maintaining the Toward Zero Deaths (TZD) approach by developing interim targets to reduce overall fatalities and serious injuries by at least 50 percent in the next two decades, starting with a baseline of 2008 to an end goal in 2030. Five-year rolling averages are used to calculate five-year-average targets for fatalities and serious injuries, e.g., 2013–2017 actual crash data are used to determine targets for 2016–2020 (five-year average). (However, it should be noted that due to significant declines in serious injuries in recent years, and a recent change in the Maryland crash report definition of injury severity, the use of historical trends currently puts the State at or below current targets for serious injuries.) This method is applied to the five performance measures required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): fatalities, fatality rate, serious injuries, serious injury rate, and non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries with the first three being identical in Maryland’s HSP and HSIP.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2012-2017 Final FARS, 2018 FARS Annual Report File
    Serious Injuries: 2019 Maryland HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2017-2019 Maryland HSIP Annual Reports


Additional Comments

2020 Comments:

Serious Injury Rate 2016-20 Target is 5.372 Total Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries Target is 465.8

Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary

PLEASE NOTE: Each State’s safety performance target assessment is based on its own State-specific target methodology and program philosophy. Therefore, conclusions should not be drawn based only on the information in the Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary table. For example, the State may have set aggressive targets, and not met those targets, while another State may have set more easily attainable targets, and met those targets. FHWA understands that each State’s safety program is unique and therefore does not prescribe a methodology for States to set targets. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate when setting their safety performance targets.

Maryland Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary
Performance Measure 2014-2018 Target 2014-2018 Outcome 2012-2016 Baseline Met Target? Better Than Baseline? Met or Made Significant Progress?
Number of Fatalities 415.6 508.6 492.0 No No NO
Rate of Fatalities 0.680 0.866 0.856 No No
Number of Serious Injuries 3,171.3 3,076.2 3,016.2 Yes N/A
Rate of Serious Injuries 5.637 5.246 5.270 Yes N/A
Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries 459.2 627.8 550.6 No No

Updated: 08/11/2020
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