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Transportation Performance Management

 

State Highway Safety Report (2018) - Pennsylvania

The following provides a summary of the Highway Safety Improvement Program’s (HSIP) safety performance measures and State safety performance targets. As per the Safety PM Final Rule, States are required to set annual safety targets in the HSIP annual report for the number of fatalities, rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT), number of serious injuries, rate of serious injures per 100 million VMT, and number of non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries. The safety performance targets are based on 5-year rolling averages. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate. The agency encourages States to review data sets and trends and consider factors that may affect targets. The safety performance targets should be data-driven, realistic, and attainable and should align with the performance management framework and legislative intent.

A State Department of Transportation (DOT) has met or made significant progress towards meeting its safety performance targets when at least four of the five safety performance targets established under 23 CFR 490.209(a) have been met or the actual outcome is better than the baseline performance. The baseline performance is the 5-year average ending with the year prior to the establishment of the target.

The Basis for Target and Additional Comments are provided by the State in their HSIP Annual Report and have not been edited by FHWA. Any questions about individual State reports should be directed to the respective State DOT. For additional information about each State's HSIP, the complete reports are available at https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/reports/.

  • Number of Fatalities

  • Number of Fatalities 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 1,310 1,210 1,195 1,200 1,188 1,137 1,190
    5-Year Average 1,220.6 1,186.0 1,182.0
    Target (5-Year Average) 1,177.6 1,146.3 1,171.9
  • Basis for Number of Fatalities Target

    In October 2016, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) committed to eliminate traffic deaths within 30 years. Pennsylvania’s 2017 SHSP has adopted a goal to support this national effort. This ambitious timeline will rely heavily on the implementation of autonomous vehicle technology, anticipated between 2025 and 2030. Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2016 fatalities by two percent per year through 2018. The target shown above (1177.6) is the five-year rolling average for 2014-2018. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends and reduction in fatalities over the next 30 years will not be linear. As autonomous vehicle technologies are implemented beyond 2018, the fatality reduction goals will increase.
    In October 2016, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) committed to eliminate traffic deaths within 30 years. Pennsylvania’s 2017 SHSP has adopted a goal to support this national effort. This ambitious timeline will rely heavily on the implementation of autonomous vehicle technology, anticipated between 2025 and 2030. Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2017 fatalities by two percent per year through 2019. The target shown above (1,146.3) is the five-year rolling average for 2015-2019. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends and reduction in fatalities over the next 30 years will not be linear. This is based on actual fatal crash data from 2015 to 2017 and estimated fatal crash data in 2018 and 2019 assuming a 2% reduction each year.
    In October 2016, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) committed to eliminate traffic deaths within 30 years. Pennsylvania’s 2017 SHSP has adopted a goal to support this national effort. This ambitious timeline will rely heavily on the implementation of autonomous vehicle technology, anticipated between 2025 and 2030. Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2018 fatalities by one percent per year through 2020. The target shown above (1,171.9) is the five-year rolling average for 2016-2020. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends and reduction in fatalities over the next 30 years will not be linear. This is based on actual fatal crash data from 2016 to 2018 and estimated fatal crash data in 2019 and 2020 assuming a 1% reduction each year.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2012-2017 Final FARS, 2018 FARS Annual Report File
    Targets: 2017-2019 Pennsylvania HSIP Annual Reports

  • Fatality Rate (per 100 million VMT)

  • Fatality Rate
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 1.32 1.23 1.20 1.19 1.17 1.12 1.17
    5-Year Average 1.222 1.182 1.170
    Target (5-Year Average) 1.161 1.121 1.148
  • Basis for Fatality Rate Target

    The target shown above (1.161) is calculated using the 2018 five-year rolling average for fatalities shown in the first metric and applying an estimated growth rate of 1% per year for vehicle miles traveled.
    The target shown above (1.121) is calculated using the 2015-2019 five-year rolling average for fatalities shown in the first metric and applying an estimated growth rate of 1% per year for vehicle miles traveled. The actual 2017 VMT came in below the project 1% growth. To be consistent with the HSP report sent to NHTSA, the Fatality rate calculation was kept the same and uses two projected years of VMT data in 2017 and 2018 instead of actual 2017 VMT data.
    The target shown above (1.148) is calculated using the 2016-2020 five-year rolling average for fatalities shown in the first metric and applying an estimated growth rate of .5% for vehicle miles traveled in 2019 and 2020.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2012-2017 Final FARS, 2018 FARS Annual Report File
    VMT: 2012-2018 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2017-2019 Pennsylvania HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Serious Injuries

  • Number of Serious Injuries 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 3,455 3,248 3,040 3,030 4,397 4,227 4,504
    5-Year Average 3,434.0 3,588.4 3,839.6
    Target (5-Year Average) 3,799.8 3,971.2 4,400.3
  • Basis for Number of Serious Injuries Target

    Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2016 serious injuries by two percent per year through 2018. The target shown above (3799.8) is the five-year rolling average for 2014-2018. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends and reduction in serious injuries over the next 30 years will not be linear. As autonomous vehicle technologies are implemented beyond 2018, the serious injury reduction goals will increase.
    Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2017 serious injuries by two percent per year through 2019. The target shown above (3,971.2) is the five-year rolling average for 2015-2019. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends and reduction in serious injuries over the next 30 years will not be linear. This goal is affected by the required definition change in suspected serious injuries per the FAST Act. PA's first year using the new Suspected serious injury criteria was 2016. So in 2020 we will have the first year where all suspected serious injury crash data will be under the same definition rule.
    Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2018 serious injuries by one percent per year through 2020. The target shown above (4,400.3) is the five-year rolling average for 2016-2020. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends and reduction in serious injuries over the next 30 years will not be linear. This goal is affected by the required definition change in suspected serious injuries per the FAST Act. PA's first year using the new Suspected Serious injury criteria was 2016. In 2020 we will have the first year where all suspected serious injury crash data will be under the same definition rule.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2019 Pennsylvania HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2017-2019 Pennsylvania HSIP Annual Reports

  • Rate of Serious Injuries (per 100 million VMT)

  • Rate of Serious Injuries
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 3.49 3.29 3.04 3.00 4.34 4.16 4.41
    5-Year Average 3.432 3.566 3.790
    Target (5-Year Average) 3.746 3.883 4.309
  • Basis for Serious Injury Rate Target

    Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2016 serious injuries by two percent per year through 2018. The target shown above (3799.8) is the five-year rolling average for 2014-2018. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends and reduction in serious injuries over the next 30 years will not be linear. As autonomous vehicle technologies are implemented beyond 2018, the serious injury reduction goals will increase.
    Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2017 serious injuries by two percent per year through 2019. The target shown above (3,971.2) is the five-year rolling average for 2015-2019. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends and reduction in serious injuries over the next 30 years will not be linear. This goal is affected by the required definition change in suspected serious injuries per the FAST Act. PA's first year using the new Suspected serious injury criteria was 2016. So in 2020 we will have the first year where all suspected serious injury crash data will be under the same definition rule.
    Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2018 serious injuries by one percent per year through 2020. The target shown above (4,400.3) is the five-year rolling average for 2016-2020. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends and reduction in serious injuries over the next 30 years will not be linear. This goal is affected by the required definition change in suspected serious injuries per the FAST Act. PA's first year using the new Suspected Serious injury criteria was 2016. In 2020 we will have the first year where all suspected serious injury crash data will be under the same definition rule.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2019 Pennsylvania HSIP Annual Report
    VMT: 2012-2018 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2017-2019 Pennsylvania HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities
    and Serious Injuries
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    Annual 604 568 523 571 739 738 814
    5-Year Average 601.0 627.8 677.0
    Target (5-Year Average) 654.4 698.4 781.7
  • Basis for Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries Target

    Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2016 non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries by two percent per year through 2018. The target shown above (654.4) is the five-year rolling average for 2014-2018. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends.
    Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2017 non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries by two percent per year through 2019. The target shown above (698.4) is the five-year rolling average for 2015-2019. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends.
    Pennsylvania’s current target is to reduce 2018 non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries by one percent per year through 2020. The target shown above (781.7) is the five-year rolling average for 2016-2020. This goal was established in conjunction with our Federal partners based on a combination of reviewing Pennsylvania’s historical data and observations of national trends.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2012-2017 Final FARS, 2018 FARS Annual Report File
    Serious Injuries: 2019 Pennsylvania HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2017-2019 Pennsylvania HSIP Annual Reports


Additional Comments

N/A

Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary

PLEASE NOTE: Each State’s safety performance target assessment is based on its own State-specific target methodology and program philosophy. Therefore, conclusions should not be drawn based only on the information in the Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary table. For example, the State may have set aggressive targets, and not met those targets, while another State may have set more easily attainable targets, and met those targets. FHWA understands that each State’s safety program is unique and therefore does not prescribe a methodology for States to set targets. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate when setting their safety performance targets.

Pennsylvania Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary
Performance Measure 2014-2018 Target 2014-2018 Outcome 2012-2016 Baseline Met Target? Better Than Baseline? Met or Made Significant Progress?
Number of Fatalities 1,177.6 1,182.0 1,220.6 No Yes NO
Rate of Fatalities 1.161 1.170 1.222 No Yes
Number of Serious Injuries 3,799.8 3,839.6 3,434.0 No No
Rate of Serious Injuries 3.746 3.790 3.432 No No
Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries 654.4 677.0 601.0 No No

Updated: 08/11/2020
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