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Transportation Performance Management

 

State Highway Safety Report (2020) - Washington

Select HSIP Report Year:

The following provides a summary of the Highway Safety Improvement Program’s (HSIP) safety performance measures and State safety performance targets. As per the Safety PM Final Rule, States are required to set annual safety performance targets in the HSIP annual report for the number of fatalities, rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT), number of serious injuries, rate of serious injures per 100 million VMT, and number of non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries. The safety performance targets are based on 5-year rolling averages. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate. FHWA encourages States to review data sets and trends and consider factors that may affect targets. The safety performance targets should be data-driven, realistic, and attainable and should align with the performance management framework and legislative intent.

A State Department of Transportation (DOT) has met or made significant progress towards meeting its safety performance targets when at least four of the five safety performance targets established under 23 CFR 490.209(a) have been met or the actual outcome is better than the baseline performance. The baseline performance is the 5-year average ending with the year prior to the establishment of the target.

The Basis for Target and Additional Comments are provided by the State in their HSIP Annual Report and have not been edited by FHWA. Any questions about individual State reports should be directed to the respective State DOT. For additional information about each State's HSIP, the complete reports are available at https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/reports/.

More information and resources on Safety Performance Management are available at https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/spm/.

All State data used to populate the State Highway Safety Reports for 2020 are available for download at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/tpm/reporting/state/tpm_dashboard_data.zip.

  • Number of Fatalities

  • Number of Fatalities 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 462 551 536 563 539 538 560
    5-Year Average 530.2 545.4 547.2
    Target (5-Year Average) 443.2 444.1 437.3
  • Basis for Number of Fatalities Target

    Using the SHSP - Target Zero trend to 0 in 2030. WSDOT believes that setting aggressive targets is appropriate versus easy to reach (increasing or flat) targets as the Department wishes to reduce as many fatal and serious injuries as possible. WSDOT closely structures its safety program around the data driven Target Zero Emphasis areas and works very closely with it highway safety partners within the State to select appropriate strategies to reduce these crashes
    Crash reduction required to achieve zero fatal and serious crashes by 2030.
    WSDOT set targets based on a 2030 goal of zero fatal and serious crashes. WSDOT recognizes the aspirational aspects of this method of target setting. In setting this target, WSDOT feels that it can communicate the need to address crash reduction throughout the state and has had success in discussion with the Legislator and traffic safety commissioners. A more realistic target setting method would be to set increasing fatal and serious crashes but questions the message this sends to the public on road safety.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2014-2019 Final FARS, 2020 FARS Annual Report File
    Targets: 2019-2021 Washington HSIP Annual Reports

  • Fatality Rate (per 100 million VMT)

  • Fatality Rate
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 0.80 0.92 0.88 0.92 0.86 0.86 1.04
    5-Year Average 0.876 0.888 0.912
    Target (5-Year Average) 0.732 0.724 0.730
  • Basis for Fatality Rate Target

    Using the SHSP - Target Zero trend to 0 in 2030. WSDOT believes that setting aggressive targets is appropriate versus easy to reach (increasing or flat) targets as the Department wishes to reduce as many fatal and serious injuries as possible. WSDOT closely structures its safety program around the data driven Target Zero Emphasis areas and works very closely with it highway safety partners within the State to select appropriate strategies to reduce these crashes
    Crash reduction required to achieve zero fatal and serious crashes by 2030.
    WSDOT set targets based on a 2030 goal of zero fatal and serious crashes. WSDOT recognizes the aspirational aspects of this method of target setting. In setting this target, WSDOT feels that it can communicate the need to address crash reduction throughout the state and has had success in discussion with the Legislator and traffic safety commissioners. A more realistic target setting method would be to set increasing fatal and serious crashes but questions the message this sends to the public on road safety.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2014-2019 Final FARS, 2020 FARS Annual Report File
    VMT: 2014-2020 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2019-2021 Washington HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Serious Injuries

  • Number of Serious Injuries 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 2,004 2,101 2,218 2,221 2,236 2,255 2,439
    5-Year Average 2,156.0 2,206.2 2,273.8
    Target (5-Year Average) 1,795.5 1,807.0 1,819.5
  • Basis for Number of Serious Injuries Target

    Using the SHSP - Target Zero trend to 0 in 2030. WSDOT believes that setting aggressive targets is appropriate versus easy to reach (increasing or flat) targets as the Department wishes to reduce as many fatal and serious injuries as possible. WSDOT closely structures its safety program around the data driven Target Zero Emphasis areas and works very closely with it highway safety partners within the State to select appropriate strategies to reduce these crashes
    Crash reduction required to achieve zero fatal and serious crashes by 2030.
    WSDOT set targets based on a 2030 goal of zero fatal and serious crashes. WSDOT recognizes the aspirational aspects of this method of target setting. In setting this target, WSDOT feels that it can communicate the need to address crash reduction throughout the state and has had success in discussion with the Legislator and traffic safety commissioners. A more realistic target setting method would be to set increasing fatal and serious crashes but questions the message this sends to the public on road safety.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2021 Washington HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2019-2021 Washington HSIP Annual Reports

  • Rate of Serious Injuries (per 100 million VMT)

  • Rate of Serious Injuries
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 3.45 3.52 3.63 3.62 3.59 3.61 4.55
    5-Year Average 3.562 3.594 3.800
    Target (5-Year Average) 2.968 2.944 3.043
  • Basis for Serious Injury Rate Target

    Using the SHSP - Target Zero trend to 0 in 2030. WSDOT believes that setting aggressive targets is appropriate versus easy to reach (increasing or flat) targets as the Department wishes to reduce as many fatal and serious injuries as possible. WSDOT closely structures its safety program around the data driven Target Zero Emphasis areas and works very closely with it highway safety partners within the State to select appropriate strategies to reduce these crashes
    Crash reduction required to achieve zero fatal and serious crashes by 2030.
    WSDOT set targets based on a 2030 goal of zero fatal and serious crashes. WSDOT recognizes the aspirational aspects of this method of target setting. In setting this target, WSDOT feels that it can communicate the need to address crash reduction throughout the state and has had success in discussion with the Legislator and traffic safety commissioners. A more realistic target setting method would be to set increasing fatal and serious crashes but questions the message this sends to the public on road safety.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2021 Washington HSIP Annual Report
    VMT: 2014-2020 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2019-2021 Washington HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities
    and Serious Injuries
    2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 493 495 597 573 642 577 515
    5-Year Average 560.0 576.8 580.8
    Target (5-Year Average) 466.5 472.1 464.6
  • Basis for Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries Target

    Using the SHSP - Target Zero trend to 0 in 2030. WSDOT believes that setting aggressive targets is appropriate versus easy to reach (increasing or flat) targets as the Department wishes to reduce as many fatal and serious injuries as possible. WSDOT closely structures its safety program around the data driven Target Zero Emphasis areas and works very closely with it highway safety partners within the State to select appropriate strategies to reduce these crashes
    Crash reduction required to achieve zero fatal and serious crashes by 2030.
    WSDOT set targets based on a 2030 goal of zero fatal and serious crashes. WSDOT recognizes the aspirational aspects of this method of target setting. In setting this target, WSDOT feels that it can communicate the need to address crash reduction throughout the state and has had success in discussion with the Legislator and traffic safety commissioners. A more realistic target setting method would be to set increasing fatal and serious crashes but questions the message this sends to the public on road safety.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2014-2019 Final FARS, 2020 FARS Annual Report File
    Serious Injuries: 2021 Washington HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2019-2021 Washington HSIP Annual Reports


Additional Comments

2020 Comments:

These targets are set based on WSDOT's data driven Strategic Highway Safety Plan, which outlines a goal of zero fatal and serious crashes by 2030.

2022 Comments:

WSDOT set targets based on a 2030 goal of zero fatal and serious crashes. WSDOT recognizes the aspirational aspects of this method of target setting. In setting this target, WSDOT feels that it can communicate the need to address crash reduction throughout the state and has had success in discussion with the Legislator and traffic safety commissioners. A more realistic target setting method would be to set increasing fatal and serious crashes but questions the message this sends to the public on road safety. The target rate for fatalities input by NHTSA does not appear to be correct. It has been verified by WTSC and NHTSA to be 0.730 based on on an amended submittal by WTSC in August 2021.

Safety Performance Target Assessment

PLEASE NOTE: Each State’s safety performance target assessment is based on its own State-specific target methodology and program philosophy. Therefore, conclusions should not be drawn based only on the information in the Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary table. For example, the State may have set aggressive targets, and not met those targets, while another State may have set more easily attainable targets, and met those targets. FHWA understands that each State’s safety program is unique and therefore does not prescribe a methodology for States to set targets. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate when setting their safety performance targets.

Washington 2020 Safety Performance Target Assessment
Performance Measure 2016-2020 Target 2016-2020 Actual 2014-2018 Baseline Met Target? Better Than Baseline? Met or Made Significant Progress?
Number of Fatalities 443.2 547.2 530.2 NO NO NO
Rate of Fatalities 0.732 0.912 0.876 NO NO
Number of Serious Injuries 1,795.5 2,273.8 2,156.0 NO NO
Rate of Serious Injuries 2.968 3.800 3.562 NO NO
Number of non-motorized fatalities and non-motorized serious injuries 466.5 580.8 560.0 NO NO

Updated: 04/19/2022
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000