When applied at appropriate locations, partial-depth repair can be more cost effective than full-depth repair. The cost of partial-depth repair is largely dependent upon the size, number, and location of repair areas, as well as the materials used. Lane closure time and traffic volume also affect production rates and costs. In one of the New England State, the average costs for general concrete removal and concrete removal by sawing are $110/ft2 ($1,200/M2) and $40/ft2 ($425/M2) respectively. The concrete placement costs are $3,075/cy ($4,000/M3) and $15.3/ft2 ($165/M2 when using high early strength concrete.