The Highway Trust Fund (HTF) is the federal funding source for all surface transportation programs; and it has two accounts—highway and mass transit. Revenue for both the highway and transit accounts is from fuel, truck, and tire sales taxes. The fuel tax rates have been changed several times since the Highway Trust Fund was established. Variation in the volume of fuel sales affects receipts. Fuel tax is collected by the Internal Revenue Service at the fuel terminal level. Note: Under a Congressional mandate known as the Delayed Deposit Provision, about $6 billion of FY 1998 Highway Trust Fund revenue was delayed from FY 1998 to FY 1999.
Data Source: US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Office of Highway Policy Information, Highway Statistics.
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