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Highway Statistics Series

Highway Statistics 1998


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MOTOR-VEHICLE DRIVER LICENSES – 1998 1/

TABLE DL-1
OCTOBER 1999

STATE CLASS OR TYPE OF LICENSE NUMBER ISSUED LENGTH OF TERM RENEWAL DATE AMOUNT OF FEE NEW AND/OR RENEWAL ESTIMATED LICENSES IN
FORCE IN 1998
Alabama* Learner Permits 57,900     $20.00
CDL: Class A 13,690 4 Years Issuance $45.00  
Class B 5,791 4 Years Issuance $35.00  
Class C 1,940 4 Years Issuance $15.00  
Class D 742,498 4 Years Issuance $20.00  
Class M 514 4 Years Issuance $20.00  
Alaska Learner Permits:        
Commercial 2,242 2 Years Birthday $5.00  
Non-Commercial 16,644 2 Years Birthday $5.00  
CDL: Class A 3,343 5 Years Birthday $100.00 19,802
Class B 2,239 5 Years Birthday $100.00 9,993
Class C 373 5 Years Birthday $100.00 1,608
Class D 70,025 5 Years Birthday $15.00 425,489
Class M1 (Motorcycle) 4,561 5 Years Birthday $15.00  
School Bus 1,552 1 Year Issuance $5.00  
Arizona* Learner Permits:      
Commercial 11,516 1 Year Issuance    
Non-Commercial 64,329 1 Year Issuance    
CDL: Class A 11,637 5 Years Birthday $25.00 64,464
Class B 5,310 5 Years Birthday $25.00 26,795
Class C 555 5 Years Birthday $12.00 2,956
Class D 386,811 12 Years Birthday See footnotes 3,103,990
Class M 133 4 Years Birthday   398
Arkansas Learner Permits N/A 60 Days $2.00
CDL: Class A 18,081 4 Years Birthday $42.00 77,657
Class B 6,752 4 Years Birthday $42.00 28,915
Class C 1,200 4 Years Birthday $42.00 5,147
Class D 402,781 4 Years Birthday $14.00 1,819,124
Class M 63 4 Years Birthday $14.00 271
Class MD 28 16th BD N/A $4.00 30
California* Learner Permits N/A
CDL: Class A 172,121 4 Years Birthday $57.00 {
Class B 90,074 4 Years Birthday $57.00 {
Class C 5,165 4 Years Birthday $27.00 {
Class A 304 4 Years Birthday   {
Class B 3,821 4 Years Birthday   {
Class C 4,972,487 4 Years Birthday   {
Class M 181,844 4 Years Birthday $12.00 {20,498,902
Colorado* Learner Permits:        
Commercial   180 Days $10.00  
Non-Commercial   180 Days $10.00  
CDL: Class A   4 Years Birthday $25.00  
Class B   4 Years Birthday $25.00  
Class C   4 Years Birthday $25.00  
Basic   5 Years Birthday $15.00  
Class M   2, 3, 5 Years Birthday $16.00  
Connecticut* Learner Permits 44,216 $6.00
CDL: Class A {20,171 4 Years Birthday $40.25-$61.00 34,873
Class B   {4 Years Birthday $40.25-$61.00 45,447
Class C   {4 Years Birthday $40.25-$61.00 2,215
Class M 59 4 Years Birthday $37.00 215
Class 1   4 Years Birthday $28.50-$43.50 2,224,862
Class 2 582,763 4 Years Birthday $28.50-$43.50 2,307,612
Delaware* Learner Permits N/A 60 Days  
CDL: Class A { 5 Years Birthday    
Class B { 5 Years Birthday    
Class C {7,602 5 Years Birthday $30/$17.50/$12.50/$35  
New Applicants 32,834 5 Years Birthday $12.50  
Class D Renewal 77,722 5 Years Birthday $12.50  
Class D Permanent 4,538 5 Years Birthday $35.00  
Motorcycles 8,254 5 Years Birthday $1.15  
Taxi 112 5 Years Birthday $3.45  
Non CDL ABC 522 5 Years Birthday $12.50  
District of Columbia Learner Permits 60 Days $15.00
CDL: Class A   4 Years Issuance $80.00  
Class B   4 Years Issuance $80.00  
Class C   4 Years Issuance $80.00  
Class D 219,224 4 Years Issuance $20.00  
Florida* Learner Permits N/A 6 Years $20.00
CDL: Class A 31,595 4 & 6 Years Birth Month $15/$20/$50 {
Class B 23,015 4 & 6 Years Birth Month $15/$20/$50 {
Class C 3,190 4 & 6 Years Birth Month $15/$20/$50 {260,506
Class D 174,645 4 & 6 Years Birth Month $20.00 899,401
Class E 1,819,485 4 & 6 Years Birth Month $15/$20 8,701,892
Chauffeur 11,479
Operator 1,562,992
Georgia* Learner Permits:        
Commercial 18,192 6 Months $1.50, 8.50, $10.00  
Non-Commercial 214,142 1 Year Birthday 8.50, $10.00  
CDL: Class A 43,329 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 149,529
Class B 22,877 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 73,626
Class C 2,471 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 8,643
Class D 0 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 0
Class M 9,174 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 31,459
Class A 4,246 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 17,095
Class B 2,922 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 11,344
Class C 1,399,198 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 4,948,761
Class D 61,651 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 106,741
Class M 52,902 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$15.00 185,800
Hawaii Learner Permits 64,271 90 Days $3.00/$4.00/$5.00
CDL: Class A { 2-4 Years Birthday Varies  
Class B { 2-4 Years Birthday Varies  
Class C { 2-4 Years Birthday Varies  
Operator { 1, 2 & 4 Years Birthday Varies  
Motorcycle {233,316 2 & 4 Years Birthday Varies  
Idaho Learner Permits:        
Commercial 4,497 120 Days $11.50/$15.50  
Commercial 4,929 120 Days $11.50/$15.50  
CDL: Class A 7,671 4 Years Birthday $24.50 42,501
Class B 3,451 4 Years Birthday $24.50 15,609
Class C 394 4 Years Birthday $24.50 1,711
Class D 160,680 4 Years Birthday $20.50 811,636
Illinois* Learner Permits $20.00
CDL: Class A { 4 Years Birthday $10.00 & $5.00 {
Class B { 4 Years Birthday $10.00 & $5.00 {
Class C { 4 Years Birthday $10.00 & $5.00 {
Class D { 4 Years Birthday $10.00 & $5.00 {
Class L {4 Years   Birthday $10.00 & $5.00 {
Class M {2,427,457 4 Years Birthday $10.00 & $5.00 {7,700,880
Indiana* Learner Permits:    
Commercial 19,920 1 Year $2.00  
Non-Commercial 132,525 1 Year $10.00  
CDL: Class A { 4 Years Birth Month $6.00 {
Class B { 2 Years Birth Month $6.00 {
Class C {41382 4 Years Birth Month $6.00 {258,736
Operator 957,240 4 Years Birth Month $6.00 3,635,293
Chauffeur 9,538 4 Years Birth Month $8.00 70,645
PP Chauffeur 3,270 2 Years Birth Month $4.00 11,567
Operator (Aged Persons) 63,590 3 Years Birth Month $3.00  
Motorcycle 16 4 Years Birth Month $6.00  
Iowa Learner Permits:
Commercial 5,074 6 Months $12.00  
Non-Commercial 50,456 2 Years $6.00  
CDL: Class A 14,490 2 & 4 Years Birthday $16.00/$32.00 84,725
Class B 14,370 2 & 4 Years Birthday $16.00/$32.00 78,348
Class C 9,605 2 & 4 Years Birthday $16.00/$32.00 46,392
Class C 488,220 2 & 4 Years Birthday $8.00/$16.00 1,736,109
Class D—Chauffeur 253,521 2 & 4 Years Birthday $16.00/$32.00 1,181,064
Class M 13,434 2 & 4 Years Birthday $10.00/$20.00 73,037
Operator 52,358
Chauffeur 8
Kansas* Learner Permits 37,734 3-6 Months $2.00/$5.00
CDL: Class A 14,996 48-59 Months Birthday $14.00 45,765
Class B 7,188 48-59 Months Birthday $14.00 21,937
Class C 1,048 48-59 Months Birthday $14.00 3,197
Class M (Inc. AM, BM, CM) 12,343 48-59 Months Birthday $14.00 37,671
Class A 8,718 48-59 Months Birthday $18.00/$12.00 26,598
Class B 2,854 48-59 Months Birthday $18.00/$12.00 8,711
Class C 516,636 48-59 Months Birthday $18.00/$12.00 1,576,721
Class M (Inc. AM, BM, CM) 52,478 48-59 Months Birthday $6.50/$5.00 160,157
Kentucky Learner Permits: 120,287   $6/$11/$16
CDL: Class A { 1-48 Months Birthday Varies {
Class B { 1-48 Months Birthday Varies {
Class C { 1-48 Months Birthday Varies {
Operator { 1-5 Years Birthday $2.00 Per Year {
Motorcycle {780,221 1-5 Years Birthday Varies {2,867,838
Louisiana Learner Permits 5,938 4 Years Birthday $18.00
CDL: Class A { 4 Years Birthday $13.75—$50.00  
Class B { 4 Years Birthday Varies  
Class C {16,554 4 Years Birthday Varies  
Class D 36,116 4 Years Birthday Varies  
Class E 750,287 4 Years Birthday Varies  
Class A, B, C 1,029 4 Years Birthday    
Class D 2,671 4 Years Birthday    
Class M 71,567 4 Years Birthday    
Maine Learner Permits N/A 1 Year $10.00/$35.00
CDL: Class A { 4/6 Years Birthday $40.00  
Class B { 4/6 Years Birthday $40.00  
Class C { 4/6 Years Birthday $40.00  
Class C {85,935 6 Years Birthday $29.00  
Maryland* Learner Permits          
Commercial 9,156 180 Days $30.00
Non-Commercial 118,707 180 Days $30.00  
CDL: Class A 3,642 5 Years Birthday $6.00 Per Year 61,140
Class B 3,509 5 Years Birthday $6.00 Per Year 56,233
Class C 191 5 Years Birthday $6.00 Per Year 6,415
CDL—Renewal 7,946 5 Years Birthday $20.00  
Class A 90 5 Years Birthday $6.00 Per Year 8,089
Class B 172 5 Years Birthday $6.00 Per Year 15,725
Class C 165,084 5 Years Birthday $6.00 Per Year 3,031,943
Class M 6,931 5 Years Birthday $6.00 Per Year 1,626
Non-CDL—Renewal 778,004 5 Years Birthday $20.00  
Under 21—Renewal 53 60 Days After $5.00  
      21St Birthday    
Massachusetts * Learner Permits 235,649 1 Year $15.00
CDL: Class A   5 Years Birthday $52.50 64,620
Class B   5 Years Birthday $40.00 73,877
Class C   5 Years Birthday $33.75 6,723
Class A 17,978        
Class B 22,352        
Class C 2,009        
Class D 1,122,794 5 Years Birthday $33.75 4,260,830
Class M 7,714 5 Years Birthday $33.75 531
Pupil 7,937        
School Bus 12,241 1 Year   $15.00  
Michigan * Learner Permits:        
Commercial 31,136 $20.00  
Commercial 92,120 $3.50-$16.90  
CDL: Class A {51,383 2-4 Years Birthday $20.00 161,099
Class B {     $20.00 83,639
Class C {     $20.00 7,910
Class D {     $20.00  
Non-Commercial 1,594,371 2-4 Years Birthday $2.50-$15.40 7,251,760
Minnesota* Learner Permits 115,457 $6.00
CDL: Class A 27,561 4 Years Birthday $33.00 107,278
Class B 18,004 4 Years Birthday $26.00 63,254
Class C 355 4 Years Birthday $19.00 1,372
School Bus 15,029 1 Year Birthday $2.50 22,039
Class D 772,609 4 Years Birthday $15.00 2,696,098
Motorcycle 79,785 4 Years Birthday $16.00/$13.00 302,541
Mississippi Learner Permits:        
Commercial 10,874 180 Days Up To 1 Year $10.00  
Non-Commercial 64,796 60 Days Up To 1 Year $1.00  
CDL: Class A { 4 Years Birthday $40.00  
Class B { 4 Years Birthday $40.00  
Class C {24,853 4 Years Birthday $40.00 105,369
Class D 19,334 4 Years Birthday $25.00 73,806
Class R 463,813 4 Years Birthday $5.00/$20.00 1,579,128
Motorcycle 1,912 4 Years Birthday $5.00 53,880
Missouri Learner Permits:          
Commercial 19,147 6 Months $5.00
Non-Commercial 128,237 6 Months $1.00  
CDL: Class A { 3 Years Issuance $20.00  
Class B { 3 Years Issuance $20.00  
Class C {87,799 3 Years Issuance $20.00  
Class E 18,919 3 Years Issuance $7.50  
Class F 202,398 3 Years Issuance $15.00  
Class M 58 3 Years Issuance $7.50 3,798,096
Montana* Learner Permits N/A
CDL: Class A 8,852 1-8 Years Birthday   29,103
Class B 3,630 1-8 Years Birthday   11,384
Class C 507 1-8 Years Birthday   1,675
Non-Commercial 188,792 1-10 Years Birthday $16.00 606,616
Nebraska Learner Permits        
  2,916 2 Months $5.00  
  38,392 1 Year $3.00  
CDL: Class A { 1 - 4 Years Birthday $14.00-$40.00  
Class B { 1 - 4 Years Birthday $14.00-$40.00  
Class C {21,045 1 – 4 Years Birthday $14.00–$40.00  
Operator 301,455 1 & 4 Years Birthday $3.75/$15.00  
Motorcycle 5,226 1 & 4 Years Birthday $3.75/$15.00  
Nevada Learner Permits          
Commercial 6,043 8 Months 14.50/$19.50
Non–Commercial 44,928 8 Months 14.50/$19.50  
CDL: Class A 4,841 4 Years Birthday $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 26,378
Class B 1,953 4 Years Birthday $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 12,239
Class C 297 4 Years Birthday $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 2,392
Class A 47 4 Years Birthday $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 753
Class B 152 4 Years Birthday $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 1,540
Class C 343858 4 Years Birthday $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 1,207,453
Class M 25 4 Years Birthday $14.50/$19.50 170
New Hampshire* Learner Permits N/A
CDL: Class A { 4 Years Birthday $42.00/$82.00 {
Class B { 4 Years Birthday $42.00/$82.00 {
Class C { 4 Years Birthday $42.00/$82.00 {
Operator { 4 Years Birthday $32.00 {827,577
Motorcycle {308,933 4 Years Birthday $37.00 79,902
New Jersey Learner Permits:        
Commercial 29,810 $35.00  
Non-Commercial 287,852 $5.00  
CDL: Class A { 4 Years Issuance $34.00 {
Class B { 4 Years Issuance $34.00 {
Class C {95,915 4 Years Issuance $34.00 {
Operator 1,812,540 4 Years Issuance $16.00/$18.00 {5,515,604
Motorcycle 159 4 Years Issuance $13.00/$15.00 154
Agriculture 255 1 Year Issuance $3.00  
New Mexico * Learner Permits 14,528 60 Days $2.00
CDL: Class A { 4 Years Issuance $10.00  
Class B { 4 Years Issuance $10.00  
Class C { 4 Years Issuance $10.00  
Classes D, M, E { 422,080 4 Years Issuance $10.00
New York * Learner Permits 556,748 $10.00
CDL: Class A 52,561 4 or 5 Years Birthday $75.00  
Class B 75,672 4 or 5 Years Birthday $75.00  
Class C 11,017 4 or 5 Years Birthday $75.00  
Class E 200,830 4 or 5 Years Birthday $50.00  
Non-CDL C 19,726 4 or 5 Years Birthday $50.00  
Class D 2,383,433 4 or 5 Years Birthday $25.00  
Clas M 381 4 or 5 Years Birthday $25.00  
North Carolina * Learner Permits:        
Commercial 16,819 18 Months $20.00  
Non-Commercial 133,126 18 Months $10.00  
CDL: Class A 20,414 5 Years Birthday $12.50 per year {
Class B 9,273 5 Years Birthday $12.50 per year {
Class C 1,714 5 Years Birthday $12.50 per year {
Class A 4,235 5 Years Birthday $2.50 per year {
Class B 4,205 5 Years Birthday $2.50 per year {
Class C 1,306,471 5 Years Birthday $2.50 per year {
Motorcycle 24 5 Years Birthday $1.50 per year  
School bus 7,307 1 Year Issuance $2.50 per year  
North Dakota Learner Permits:        
Commercial 564 6 Months $15.00  
Commercial 13,516 1 Year $10.00  
CDL: Class A 6,160 4 Years Birthday $15.00 25,063
Class B 2,324 4 Years Birthday $15.00 9,984
Class C 622 4 Years Birthday $15.00 2,451
Class D 115,480 4 Years Birthday $10.00 412,554
Class M 17 4 Years Birthday $8.00 13
Ohio* Learner Permits:        
Commercial 40,272 6 Months $10.00  
Non-Commercial 411,106 6 Months $4.00  
CDL: Class A { 1 To 5 Years Birthday $6.25—$25 {
Class B { 1 To 5 Years Birthday $6.25—$25 {
Class C {106,452 1 To 5 Years Birthday $6.25—$25 {325,081
Operator 2,064,136 1 To 5 Years Birthday $2.25—$14.50 7,403,178
Motorcycle 9 1 To 5 Years Birthday $1.25—$6.25 6
Oklahoma * Learner Permits: 35,596     $15.00
CDL: Class A 31,543 4 Years Issuance $35.00 85,576
Class B 13,556 4 Years Issuance $35.00 35,244
Class C 2,638 4 Years Issuance $25.00 6,739
Class D 632,193 4 Years Issuance $15.00 2,177,802
Class M 4,847 4 Years Issuance $15.00  
Oregon Learner Permits:        
Commercial 7,713 1 Year $13.00  
Non-Commercial 67,485 1 Year $13.00  
CDL: Class A 24,894 4 Years Birthday $20.25/$25.00 73,256
Class B 10,156 4 Years Birthday $20.25/$25.00 9,961
Class C 912 4 Years Birthday $20.25/$25.00 2,371
Class C 649,306 4 Years Birthday $16.25/$26.25 2,311,540
Pennsylvania * Learner Permits:        
Commercial 49,366   $12.00  
Non-Commercial 310,115 90-120 Days $5.00  
CDL: Class A { 1 To 4 Years Birthday $14/$24/$29  
Class B { 1 To 4 Years Birthday $14/$24/$29  
Class C {107,305 1 To 4 Years Birthday $14/$24/$29  
Class M   4 Years Birthday $18.00/$32.00  
Operator 2,114,636 2 & 4 Years Birthday $14/$24/$29  
Puerto Rico Learner Permits: 82,976 2 Years $10.00
CDL: Code A   2 Years Birthday $10.00 {
Code 3 62,066 4 Years Birthday $10.00 {
Code 4 13,100 4 Years Birthday $10.00 {
Code 5   4 Years Birthday $10.00 {
Motorcycle 7 4 Years Birthday $10.00 {1,615,000
Rhode Island * Learner Permits   6 Months $5.00
CDL: Class A { 2/5 Years Birthday $12.00/$30.00  
Class B { 2/5 Years Birthday $12.00/$30.00  
Class C { 2/5 Years Birthday $12.00/$30.00  
Passenger { 2/5 Years Birthday $12.00/$30.00  
Chauffeur 31 through 35 { 2/5 Years Birthday $12.00/$30.00  
Motorcycle { 2/5 Years Birthday $1.00  
Service License { 2/5 Years Birthday $12.00/$30.00  
South Carolina Learner Permits:        
Commercial 116 6 Months Expiration $5.00  
Non-Commercial 142,165 6 Months Expiration $2.50  
CDL: Class A { 5 Years Birthday $29.50  
Class B { 5 Years Birthday $29.50  
Class C {141,392 5 Years Birthday $29.50  
Operator {574,623 5 Years Birthday $12.50  
South Dakota Learner Permits 6,697 180 Days $8.00
CDL: Class A { 4 Years Birthday $15.00 {
Class B { 4 Years Birthday $15.00 {
Class C {11,988 4 Years Birthday $15.00 {43,064
Operator 98,940 5 Years Birthday $8.00 492,275
Tennessee * Learner Permits:        
Commercial 9,122 1 Year $8.00  
Non-Commercial 67,900 1 Year $3.50  
CDL: Class A 28,650 5 Years Birthday $40.00  
Class B 11,234 5 Years Birthday $35.00  
Class C 2,308 5 Years Birthday $35.00  
Class D 721,387 5 Years Birthday $17.50  
Class M 36,993 5 Years Birthday $17.50  
Class H 808 2 Years Birthday $7.00  
Texas* Learner Permits 213,377 1 Year Birthday $5.00
CDL: Class A { 1 & 4 Years Birthday $10.00/$40.00 401,926
Class B { 1 & 4 Years Birthday $10.00/$41.00 178,169
Class C { 1 & 4 Years Birthday $10.00/$42.00 15,778
Class A { 1 & 4 Years Birthday $10.00/$43.00 49,295
Class B { 1 & 4 Years Birthday $10.00/$41.00 23,394
Class C { 1 & 4 Years Birthday $10.00/$42.00 12,663,924
Class M {4,852,046 1 & 4 Years Birthday $10.00/$43.00 608
Utah Learner Permits:        
Commercial 48 6 Months $80.00  
Non-Commercial 48,000 6 Months $20.00  
CDL: Class A 7,700 5 Years Issuance $80.00 40,000
Class B 2,800 5 Years Issuance $80.00 15,000
Class C 413 5 Years Issuance $80.00 1,500
Class D 296,000 5 Years Birthday $15.00 1,336,742
Class M 4 5 Years Birthday $15.00 39
Vermont Learner Permits:        
Commercial { 6 Months    
Non-Commercial {12,751 2 Years $7.00  
CDL: Class A { 2 & 4 Years Birthday $60.00/$90.00  
Class B { 2 & 4 Years Birthday $60.00/$90.00  
Class C { 931 2 & 4 Years Birthday $60.00/$90.00
Operator 113,449 2 & 4 Years Birthday $12.00/$20.00  
Jr. Operator 6,842 2 Years Birthday $12.00  
Virginia Learner Permits:        
Commercial 16,878 1 Year $3.00  
Non-Commercial 119,733 1 Year Varies  
CDL: Class A { 3-7 Years Birthday $7.20/Year 96,597
Class B { 3-7 Years Birthday $7.20/Year 68,768
Class C {55,207 3-7 Years Birthday $7.20/Year 5,763
Class O 1,259,916 3-7 Years Birthday $7.20/Year 4,429,084
Class M         188,164
Washington Learner Permits:        
Commercial 11,112 1 Year $5.00  
Non-Commercial 121,319 1 Year $2.50/$4.00/$5.00  
CDL: Class A 30,955 4 Years Birthday $20.00/$25.00 107,735
Class B 13,553 4 Years Birthday $20.00/$25.00 47,171
Class C 1,296 4 Years Birthday $20.00/$25.00 4,512
Operators 1,072,655 4 Years Birthday $14.00 3,678,825
Motorcycle 58,478 4 Years Birthday $6.00/$14.00 262,552
West Virginia* Learner Permits:        
Commercial 5,249 6 Months $0.00  
Non-Commercial 17,709 60 Days $4.00  
CDL: Class A 10,750 Varies Issuance $8.75 per Year 39,271
Class B 5,248 Varies Issuance $8.75 per Year 19,126
Class C 298 Varies Issuance $8.75 per Year 1,290
Class D 14,228 Varies Issuance $6.25 per Year 30,057
Class E 321,034 Varies Issuance $2.50 per Year 1,190,795
Class F 11 Varies Issuance $2.50 per Year 16
Wisconsin* Learner Permits:        
Commercial 18,134 6 Months Issuance $20.00  
Non-Commercial 133,441 6 Months Issuance $20.00  
CDL: Class A 1,471 4 Years Birthday $32.00 {
Class B 898 4 Years Birthday $32.00 {
Class C 59 4 Years Birthday $32.00 {
Class D 918,949 4 Years Birthday $15.00 & $4.00 {3,709,957
Wyoming Learner Permits N/A 1 Year $10.00
CDL: Class A { 4 Years Birthday Varies  
Class B { 4 Years Birthday Varies  
Class C {6,048 4 Years Birthday Varies  
Non-CDL-All Classes 84,377 4 Years Birthday Varies  

1/ The numbers of learner permits and driver licenses issued are not available in States where N/A is shown. For purposes of this report, when there are combined licenses by endorsement, the licensee has been counted in the highest class license that he/she holds.

* For States with an asterisk, see notes below:

ALABAMA—Includes local issuance fee of $.25 on learner permits, $.50 on duplicates, $1.50 on driver licenses; second or subsequent duplicate is $3.50 to $13.50. Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $5 each for written and road test.

ARIZONA—Operator license is good until 60th birthday. Fees based on age: 16-39, $25; 40-44, $20; 45-49, $15; 50+, $10. Testing can be done by third party. Vision testing and new photo required every 12 years.

CALIFORNIA—The original license fee covers the cost of a learner permit. First-time license in California is issued for 4 years. All renewals started on or after 10/1/97 will be issued a 5-year license. All renewals started before 10/1/97 regardless of when application is completed) will be issued a 4-year license.

COLORADO—No fee for renewal of motorcycle endorsement. Minor licenses expire 20 days after 18th birthday; provisional licenses expire 20 days after 21st birthday. Did not submit number of 1998 licenses issued during year data.

CONNECTICUT—Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $15 for operator and $3.50 for public service license.

DELAWARE—Learner permits included with new applicant.

FLORIDA—Original license fee is $20; "safe drivers (no convictions within the preceding 3 years)" may renew in person for $20 for 6 years.

GEORGIA—Regular license fee is $8 for organ donors and $15 for nondonors.

ILLINOIS—$10 of permit fee credited to operator license. Issues special license to minors (persons 18-20 years of age) which expire when 21 years old plus 3 months; 4-year—$10 and minor fees—$5.

INDIANA—$10 of permit fee credited to operator license. Issues 3-year licenses to aged persons. KANSAS—$2 examination fee in addition to the original license fee. Class M includes combo motorcycle licenses, i.e., Class AM, etc.

MARYLAND—Approximately 40% of learner permits are converted to licenses at no additional fee.

MASSACHUSETTS—Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $5 each for written and road test.

MICHIGAN—Persons age 60 and over may renew at $4 annually, original motorcycle endorsement—$6.

MINNESOTA—Number listed for school bus drivers is the number of exams administered during the year.

MONTANA—For CDL, fees are charged based on Type 1 or Type 2, and not by Class. Class A, B, C are a further breakdown of Types 1 and 2.

NEW HAMPSHIRE—Net licenses in force double count those individuals holding a motorcycle or moped license along with their CDL or operator.

NEW MEXICO—Persons 75 years or over renew annually at $2.50.

NEW YORK—43-54 month licenses are issued in order to place the licenses into his/her month of birth; fees prorated accordingly. Fees will not exceed amount specified.

NORTH CAROLINA—Term is 4 - 8 years in order to align everyone into a 5-year license term.

OHIO—Those under 21 are issued probationary licenses in both CDL and regular categories that expire on their 21st birthday; fees are based accordingly.

OKLAHOMA—Additional $4 to $25 fee for the license application before obtaining the original license. License fees: 62-year olds—$11.25, 63—$7.50, 64—$3.75, 65 and over is free of charge.

PENNSYLVANIA—Drivers over 65 renew for 2 years at $11.50.

RHODE ISLAND—Did not submit number of 1998 licenses issued during year data.

TENNESSEE—Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $5.

TEXAS—Licenses issued to those under 18 expire on 18th birthday: the fee is prorated with a $5 minimum. CDL licenses included in regular Class A, B, C licenses.

WEST VIRGINIA—Commercial class includes all CDL licenses issued including provisional licenses previously issued.

WISCONSIN—Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $5 each for written and road test.