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**TABLE DL-1
OCTOBER 1999**

STATE | CLASS OR TYPE OF LICENSE | NUMBER ISSUED | LENGTH OF TERM | RENEWAL DATE | AMOUNT OF FEE NEW AND/OR RENEWAL | ESTIMATED LICENSES IN FORCE IN 1998 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Alabama* | Learner Permits | 57,900 | $20.00 | — | ||

CDL: Class A | 13,690 | 4 Years | Issuance | $45.00 | ||

Class B | 5,791 | 4 Years | Issuance | $35.00 | ||

Class C | 1,940 | 4 Years | Issuance | $15.00 | ||

Class D | 742,498 | 4 Years | Issuance | $20.00 | ||

Class M | 514 | 4 Years | Issuance | $20.00 | ||

Alaska | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 2,242 | 2 Years | Birthday | $5.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 16,644 | 2 Years | Birthday | $5.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 3,343 | 5 Years | Birthday | $100.00 | 19,802 | |

Class B | 2,239 | 5 Years | Birthday | $100.00 | 9,993 | |

Class C | 373 | 5 Years | Birthday | $100.00 | 1,608 | |

Class D | 70,025 | 5 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | 425,489 | |

Class M1 (Motorcycle) | 4,561 | 5 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | ||

School Bus | 1,552 | 1 Year | Issuance | $5.00 | ||

Arizona* | Learner Permits: | — | — | |||

Commercial | 11,516 | 1 Year | Issuance | |||

Non-Commercial | 64,329 | 1 Year | Issuance | |||

CDL: Class A | 11,637 | 5 Years | Birthday | $25.00 | 64,464 | |

Class B | 5,310 | 5 Years | Birthday | $25.00 | 26,795 | |

Class C | 555 | 5 Years | Birthday | $12.00 | 2,956 | |

Class D | 386,811 | 12 Years | Birthday | See footnotes | 3,103,990 | |

Class M | 133 | 4 Years | Birthday | 398 | ||

Arkansas | Learner Permits | N/A | 60 Days | — | $2.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | 18,081 | 4 Years | Birthday | $42.00 | 77,657 | |

Class B | 6,752 | 4 Years | Birthday | $42.00 | 28,915 | |

Class C | 1,200 | 4 Years | Birthday | $42.00 | 5,147 | |

Class D | 402,781 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.00 | 1,819,124 | |

Class M | 63 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.00 | 271 | |

Class MD | 28 | 16th BD | N/A | $4.00 | 30 | |

California* | Learner Permits | N/A | — | — | — | — |

CDL: Class A | 172,121 | 4 Years | Birthday | $57.00 | { | |

Class B | 90,074 | 4 Years | Birthday | $57.00 | { | |

Class C | 5,165 | 4 Years | Birthday | $27.00 | { | |

Class A | 304 | 4 Years | Birthday | { | ||

Class B | 3,821 | 4 Years | Birthday | { | ||

Class C | 4,972,487 | 4 Years | Birthday | { | ||

Class M | 181,844 | 4 Years | Birthday | $12.00 | {20,498,902 | |

Colorado* | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 180 Days | — | $10.00 | |||

Non-Commercial | 180 Days | — | $10.00 | |||

CDL: Class A | 4 Years | Birthday | $25.00 | |||

Class B | 4 Years | Birthday | $25.00 | |||

Class C | 4 Years | Birthday | $25.00 | |||

Basic | 5 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | |||

Class M | 2, 3, 5 Years | Birthday | $16.00 | |||

Connecticut* | Learner Permits | 44,216 | — | — | $6.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | {20,171 | 4 Years | Birthday | $40.25-$61.00 | 34,873 | |

Class B | {4 Years | Birthday | $40.25-$61.00 | 45,447 | ||

Class C | {4 Years | Birthday | $40.25-$61.00 | 2,215 | ||

Class M | 59 | 4 Years | Birthday | $37.00 | 215 | |

Class 1 | 4 Years | Birthday | $28.50-$43.50 | 2,224,862 | ||

Class 2 | 582,763 | 4 Years | Birthday | $28.50-$43.50 | 2,307,612 | |

Delaware* | Learner Permits | N/A | 60 Days | — | — | |

CDL: Class A | { | 5 Years | Birthday | |||

Class B | { | 5 Years | Birthday | |||

Class C | {7,602 | 5 Years | Birthday | $30/$17.50/$12.50/$35 | ||

New Applicants | 32,834 | 5 Years | Birthday | $12.50 | ||

Class D Renewal | 77,722 | 5 Years | Birthday | $12.50 | ||

Class D Permanent | 4,538 | 5 Years | Birthday | $35.00 | ||

Motorcycles | 8,254 | 5 Years | Birthday | $1.15 | ||

Taxi | 112 | 5 Years | Birthday | $3.45 | ||

Non CDL ABC | 522 | 5 Years | Birthday | $12.50 | ||

District of Columbia | Learner Permits | — | 60 Days | — | $15.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | 4 Years | Issuance | $80.00 | |||

Class B | 4 Years | Issuance | $80.00 | |||

Class C | 4 Years | Issuance | $80.00 | |||

Class D | 219,224 | 4 Years | Issuance | $20.00 | ||

Florida* | Learner Permits | N/A | 6 Years | — | $20.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | 31,595 | 4 & 6 Years | Birth Month | $15/$20/$50 | { | |

Class B | 23,015 | 4 & 6 Years | Birth Month | $15/$20/$50 | { | |

Class C | 3,190 | 4 & 6 Years | Birth Month | $15/$20/$50 | {260,506 | |

Class D | 174,645 | 4 & 6 Years | Birth Month | $20.00 | 899,401 | |

Class E | 1,819,485 | 4 & 6 Years | Birth Month | $15/$20 | 8,701,892 | |

Chauffeur | — | — | — | — | 11,479 | |

Operator | — | — | — | — | 1,562,992 | |

Georgia* | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 18,192 | 6 Months | — | $1.50, 8.50, $10.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 214,142 | 1 Year | Birthday | 8.50, $10.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 43,329 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 149,529 | |

Class B | 22,877 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 73,626 | |

Class C | 2,471 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 8,643 | |

Class D | 0 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 0 | |

Class M | 9,174 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 31,459 | |

Class A | 4,246 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 17,095 | |

Class B | 2,922 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 11,344 | |

Class C | 1,399,198 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 4,948,761 | |

Class D | 61,651 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 106,741 | |

Class M | 52,902 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$15.00 | 185,800 | |

Hawaii | Learner Permits | 64,271 | 90 Days | — | $3.00/$4.00/$5.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | { | 2-4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Class B | { | 2-4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Class C | { | 2-4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Operator | { | 1, 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Motorcycle | {233,316 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Idaho | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 4,497 | 120 Days | — | $11.50/$15.50 | ||

Commercial | 4,929 | 120 Days | — | $11.50/$15.50 | ||

CDL: Class A | 7,671 | 4 Years | Birthday | $24.50 | 42,501 | |

Class B | 3,451 | 4 Years | Birthday | $24.50 | 15,609 | |

Class C | 394 | 4 Years | Birthday | $24.50 | 1,711 | |

Class D | 160,680 | 4 Years | Birthday | $20.50 | 811,636 | |

Illinois* | Learner Permits | — | — | $20.00 | — | — |

CDL: Class A | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 & $5.00 | { | |

Class B | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 & $5.00 | { | |

Class C | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 & $5.00 | { | |

Class D | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 & $5.00 | { | |

Class L | {4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 & $5.00 | { | ||

Class M | {2,427,457 | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 & $5.00 | {7,700,880 | |

Indiana* | Learner Permits: | — | — | — | ||

Commercial | 19,920 | 1 Year | — | $2.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 132,525 | 1 Year | — | $10.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | { | 4 Years | Birth Month | $6.00 | { | |

Class B | { | 2 Years | Birth Month | $6.00 | { | |

Class C | {41382 | 4 Years | Birth Month | $6.00 | {258,736 | |

Operator | 957,240 | 4 Years | Birth Month | $6.00 | 3,635,293 | |

Chauffeur | 9,538 | 4 Years | Birth Month | $8.00 | 70,645 | |

PP Chauffeur | 3,270 | 2 Years | Birth Month | $4.00 | 11,567 | |

Operator (Aged Persons) | 63,590 | 3 Years | Birth Month | $3.00 | ||

Motorcycle | 16 | 4 Years | Birth Month | $6.00 | ||

Iowa | Learner Permits: | — | — | — | — | — |

Commercial | 5,074 | 6 Months | — | $12.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 50,456 | 2 Years | — | $6.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 14,490 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $16.00/$32.00 | 84,725 | |

Class B | 14,370 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $16.00/$32.00 | 78,348 | |

Class C | 9,605 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $16.00/$32.00 | 46,392 | |

Class C | 488,220 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00/$16.00 | 1,736,109 | |

Class D—Chauffeur | 253,521 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $16.00/$32.00 | 1,181,064 | |

Class M | 13,434 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00/$20.00 | 73,037 | |

Operator | — | — | — | — | 52,358 | |

Chauffeur | — | — | — | — | 8 | |

Kansas* | Learner Permits | 37,734 | 3-6 Months | — | $2.00/$5.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | 14,996 | 48-59 Months | Birthday | $14.00 | 45,765 | |

Class B | 7,188 | 48-59 Months | Birthday | $14.00 | 21,937 | |

Class C | 1,048 | 48-59 Months | Birthday | $14.00 | 3,197 | |

Class M (Inc. AM, BM, CM) | 12,343 | 48-59 Months | Birthday | $14.00 | 37,671 | |

Class A | 8,718 | 48-59 Months | Birthday | $18.00/$12.00 | 26,598 | |

Class B | 2,854 | 48-59 Months | Birthday | $18.00/$12.00 | 8,711 | |

Class C | 516,636 | 48-59 Months | Birthday | $18.00/$12.00 | 1,576,721 | |

Class M (Inc. AM, BM, CM) | 52,478 | 48-59 Months | Birthday | $6.50/$5.00 | 160,157 | |

Kentucky | Learner Permits: | 120,287 | — | $6/$11/$16 | — | |

CDL: Class A | { | 1-48 Months | Birthday | Varies | { | |

Class B | { | 1-48 Months | Birthday | Varies | { | |

Class C | { | 1-48 Months | Birthday | Varies | { | |

Operator | { | 1-5 Years | Birthday | $2.00 Per Year | { | |

Motorcycle | {780,221 | 1-5 Years | Birthday | Varies | {2,867,838 | |

Louisiana | Learner Permits | 5,938 | 4 Years | Birthday | $18.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $13.75—$50.00 | ||

Class B | { | 4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Class C | {16,554 | 4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Class D | 36,116 | 4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Class E | 750,287 | 4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Class A, B, C | 1,029 | 4 Years | Birthday | |||

Class D | 2,671 | 4 Years | Birthday | |||

Class M | 71,567 | 4 Years | Birthday | |||

Maine | Learner Permits | N/A | 1 Year | — | $10.00/$35.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | { | 4/6 Years | Birthday | $40.00 | ||

Class B | { | 4/6 Years | Birthday | $40.00 | ||

Class C | { | 4/6 Years | Birthday | $40.00 | ||

Class C | {85,935 | 6 Years | Birthday | $29.00 | ||

Maryland* | Learner Permits | |||||

Commercial | 9,156 | 180 Days | — | $30.00 | — | |

Non-Commercial | 118,707 | 180 Days | — | $30.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 3,642 | 5 Years | Birthday | $6.00 Per Year | 61,140 | |

Class B | 3,509 | 5 Years | Birthday | $6.00 Per Year | 56,233 | |

Class C | 191 | 5 Years | Birthday | $6.00 Per Year | 6,415 | |

CDL—Renewal | 7,946 | 5 Years | Birthday | $20.00 | ||

Class A | 90 | 5 Years | Birthday | $6.00 Per Year | 8,089 | |

Class B | 172 | 5 Years | Birthday | $6.00 Per Year | 15,725 | |

Class C | 165,084 | 5 Years | Birthday | $6.00 Per Year | 3,031,943 | |

Class M | 6,931 | 5 Years | Birthday | $6.00 Per Year | 1,626 | |

Non-CDL—Renewal | 778,004 | 5 Years | Birthday | $20.00 | ||

Under 21—Renewal | 53 | — | 60 Days After | $5.00 | ||

21St Birthday | ||||||

Massachusetts * | Learner Permits | 235,649 | 1 Year | — | $15.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | 5 Years | Birthday | $52.50 | 64,620 | ||

Class B | 5 Years | Birthday | $40.00 | 73,877 | ||

Class C | 5 Years | Birthday | $33.75 | 6,723 | ||

Class A | 17,978 | |||||

Class B | 22,352 | |||||

Class C | 2,009 | |||||

Class D | 1,122,794 | 5 Years | Birthday | $33.75 | 4,260,830 | |

Class M | 7,714 | 5 Years | Birthday | $33.75 | 531 | |

Pupil | 7,937 | |||||

School Bus | 12,241 | 1 Year | $15.00 | |||

Michigan * | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 31,136 | — | — | $20.00 | ||

Commercial | 92,120 | — | — | $3.50-$16.90 | ||

CDL: Class A | {51,383 | 2-4 Years | Birthday | $20.00 | 161,099 | |

Class B | { | $20.00 | 83,639 | |||

Class C | { | $20.00 | 7,910 | |||

Class D | { | $20.00 | ||||

Non-Commercial | 1,594,371 | 2-4 Years | Birthday | $2.50-$15.40 | 7,251,760 | |

Minnesota* | Learner Permits | 115,457 | — | — | $6.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | 27,561 | 4 Years | Birthday | $33.00 | 107,278 | |

Class B | 18,004 | 4 Years | Birthday | $26.00 | 63,254 | |

Class C | 355 | 4 Years | Birthday | $19.00 | 1,372 | |

School Bus | 15,029 | 1 Year | Birthday | $2.50 | 22,039 | |

Class D | 772,609 | 4 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | 2,696,098 | |

Motorcycle | 79,785 | 4 Years | Birthday | $16.00/$13.00 | 302,541 | |

Mississippi | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 10,874 | 180 Days | Up To 1 Year | $10.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 64,796 | 60 Days | Up To 1 Year | $1.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $40.00 | ||

Class B | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $40.00 | ||

Class C | {24,853 | 4 Years | Birthday | $40.00 | 105,369 | |

Class D | 19,334 | 4 Years | Birthday | $25.00 | 73,806 | |

Class R | 463,813 | 4 Years | Birthday | $5.00/$20.00 | 1,579,128 | |

Motorcycle | 1,912 | 4 Years | Birthday | $5.00 | 53,880 | |

Missouri | Learner Permits: | |||||

Commercial | 19,147 | 6 Months | — | $5.00 | — | |

Non-Commercial | 128,237 | 6 Months | — | $1.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | { | 3 Years | Issuance | $20.00 | ||

Class B | { | 3 Years | Issuance | $20.00 | ||

Class C | {87,799 | 3 Years | Issuance | $20.00 | ||

Class E | 18,919 | 3 Years | Issuance | $7.50 | ||

Class F | 202,398 | 3 Years | Issuance | $15.00 | ||

Class M | 58 | 3 Years | Issuance | $7.50 | 3,798,096 | |

Montana* | Learner Permits | N/A | — | — | — | — |

CDL: Class A | 8,852 | 1-8 Years | Birthday | 29,103 | ||

Class B | 3,630 | 1-8 Years | Birthday | 11,384 | ||

Class C | 507 | 1-8 Years | Birthday | 1,675 | ||

Non-Commercial | 188,792 | 1-10 Years | Birthday | $16.00 | 606,616 | |

Nebraska | Learner Permits | — | ||||

2,916 | 2 Months | — | $5.00 | |||

38,392 | 1 Year | — | $3.00 | |||

CDL: Class A | { | 1 - 4 Years | Birthday | $14.00-$40.00 | ||

Class B | { | 1 - 4 Years | Birthday | $14.00-$40.00 | ||

Class C | {21,045 | 1 – 4 Years | Birthday | $14.00–$40.00 | ||

Operator | 301,455 | 1 & 4 Years | Birthday | $3.75/$15.00 | ||

Motorcycle | 5,226 | 1 & 4 Years | Birthday | $3.75/$15.00 | ||

Nevada | Learner Permits | |||||

Commercial | 6,043 | 8 Months | — | 14.50/$19.50 | — | |

Non–Commercial | 44,928 | 8 Months | — | 14.50/$19.50 | ||

CDL: Class A | 4,841 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 | 26,378 | |

Class B | 1,953 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 | 12,239 | |

Class C | 297 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 | 2,392 | |

Class A | 47 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 | 753 | |

Class B | 152 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 | 1,540 | |

Class C | 343858 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.50/$19.50/$54/$84 | 1,207,453 | |

Class M | 25 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.50/$19.50 | 170 | |

New Hampshire* | Learner Permits | N/A | — | — | — | — |

CDL: Class A | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $42.00/$82.00 | { | |

Class B | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $42.00/$82.00 | { | |

Class C | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $42.00/$82.00 | { | |

Operator | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $32.00 | {827,577 | |

Motorcycle | {308,933 | 4 Years | Birthday | $37.00 | 79,902 | |

New Jersey | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 29,810 | — | — | $35.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 287,852 | — | — | $5.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | { | 4 Years | Issuance | $34.00 | { | |

Class B | { | 4 Years | Issuance | $34.00 | { | |

Class C | {95,915 | 4 Years | Issuance | $34.00 | { | |

Operator | 1,812,540 | 4 Years | Issuance | $16.00/$18.00 | {5,515,604 | |

Motorcycle | 159 | 4 Years | Issuance | $13.00/$15.00 | 154 | |

Agriculture | 255 | 1 Year | Issuance | $3.00 | ||

New Mexico * | Learner Permits | 14,528 | 60 Days | — | $2.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | { | 4 Years | Issuance | $10.00 | ||

Class B | { | 4 Years | Issuance | $10.00 | ||

Class C | { | 4 Years | Issuance | $10.00 | ||

Classes D, M, E | { | 422,080 | 4 Years | Issuance | $10.00 | |

New York * | Learner Permits | 556,748 | — | — | $10.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | 52,561 | 4 or 5 Years | Birthday | $75.00 | ||

Class B | 75,672 | 4 or 5 Years | Birthday | $75.00 | ||

Class C | 11,017 | 4 or 5 Years | Birthday | $75.00 | ||

Class E | 200,830 | 4 or 5 Years | Birthday | $50.00 | ||

Non-CDL C | 19,726 | 4 or 5 Years | Birthday | $50.00 | ||

Class D | 2,383,433 | 4 or 5 Years | Birthday | $25.00 | ||

Clas M | 381 | 4 or 5 Years | Birthday | $25.00 | ||

North Carolina * | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 16,819 | 18 Months | — | $20.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 133,126 | 18 Months | — | $10.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 20,414 | 5 Years | Birthday | $12.50 per year | { | |

Class B | 9,273 | 5 Years | Birthday | $12.50 per year | { | |

Class C | 1,714 | 5 Years | Birthday | $12.50 per year | { | |

Class A | 4,235 | 5 Years | Birthday | $2.50 per year | { | |

Class B | 4,205 | 5 Years | Birthday | $2.50 per year | { | |

Class C | 1,306,471 | 5 Years | Birthday | $2.50 per year | { | |

Motorcycle | 24 | 5 Years | Birthday | $1.50 per year | ||

School bus | 7,307 | 1 Year | Issuance | $2.50 per year | ||

North Dakota | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 564 | 6 Months | — | $15.00 | ||

Commercial | 13,516 | 1 Year | — | $10.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 6,160 | 4 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | 25,063 | |

Class B | 2,324 | 4 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | 9,984 | |

Class C | 622 | 4 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | 2,451 | |

Class D | 115,480 | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 | 412,554 | |

Class M | 17 | 4 Years | Birthday | $8.00 | 13 | |

Ohio* | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 40,272 | 6 Months | — | $10.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 411,106 | 6 Months | — | $4.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | { | 1 To 5 Years | Birthday | $6.25—$25 | { | |

Class B | { | 1 To 5 Years | Birthday | $6.25—$25 | { | |

Class C | {106,452 | 1 To 5 Years | Birthday | $6.25—$25 | {325,081 | |

Operator | 2,064,136 | 1 To 5 Years | Birthday | $2.25—$14.50 | 7,403,178 | |

Motorcycle | 9 | 1 To 5 Years | Birthday | $1.25—$6.25 | 6 | |

Oklahoma * | Learner Permits: | 35,596 | $15.00 | — | ||

CDL: Class A | 31,543 | 4 Years | Issuance | $35.00 | 85,576 | |

Class B | 13,556 | 4 Years | Issuance | $35.00 | 35,244 | |

Class C | 2,638 | 4 Years | Issuance | $25.00 | 6,739 | |

Class D | 632,193 | 4 Years | Issuance | $15.00 | 2,177,802 | |

Class M | 4,847 | 4 Years | Issuance | $15.00 | ||

Oregon | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 7,713 | 1 Year | — | $13.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 67,485 | 1 Year | — | $13.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 24,894 | 4 Years | Birthday | $20.25/$25.00 | 73,256 | |

Class B | 10,156 | 4 Years | Birthday | $20.25/$25.00 | 9,961 | |

Class C | 912 | 4 Years | Birthday | $20.25/$25.00 | 2,371 | |

Class C | 649,306 | 4 Years | Birthday | $16.25/$26.25 | 2,311,540 | |

Pennsylvania * | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 49,366 | — | $12.00 | |||

Non-Commercial | 310,115 | 90-120 Days | — | $5.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | { | 1 To 4 Years | Birthday | $14/$24/$29 | ||

Class B | { | 1 To 4 Years | Birthday | $14/$24/$29 | ||

Class C | {107,305 | 1 To 4 Years | Birthday | $14/$24/$29 | ||

Class M | 4 Years | Birthday | $18.00/$32.00 | |||

Operator | 2,114,636 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $14/$24/$29 | ||

Puerto Rico | Learner Permits: | 82,976 | 2 Years | — | $10.00 | — |

CDL: Code A | 2 Years | Birthday | $10.00 | { | ||

Code 3 | 62,066 | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 | { | |

Code 4 | 13,100 | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 | { | |

Code 5 | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 | { | ||

Motorcycle | 7 | 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00 | {1,615,000 | |

Rhode Island * | Learner Permits | 6 Months | — | $5.00 | — | |

CDL: Class A | { | 2/5 Years | Birthday | $12.00/$30.00 | ||

Class B | { | 2/5 Years | Birthday | $12.00/$30.00 | ||

Class C | { | 2/5 Years | Birthday | $12.00/$30.00 | ||

Passenger | { | 2/5 Years | Birthday | $12.00/$30.00 | ||

Chauffeur 31 through 35 | { | 2/5 Years | Birthday | $12.00/$30.00 | ||

Motorcycle | { | 2/5 Years | Birthday | $1.00 | ||

Service License | { | 2/5 Years | Birthday | $12.00/$30.00 | ||

South Carolina | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 116 | 6 Months | Expiration | $5.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 142,165 | 6 Months | Expiration | $2.50 | ||

CDL: Class A | { | 5 Years | Birthday | $29.50 | ||

Class B | { | 5 Years | Birthday | $29.50 | ||

Class C | {141,392 | 5 Years | Birthday | $29.50 | ||

Operator | {574,623 | 5 Years | Birthday | $12.50 | ||

South Dakota | Learner Permits | 6,697 | 180 Days | — | $8.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | { | |

Class B | { | 4 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | { | |

Class C | {11,988 | 4 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | {43,064 | |

Operator | 98,940 | 5 Years | Birthday | $8.00 | 492,275 | |

Tennessee * | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 9,122 | 1 Year | — | $8.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 67,900 | 1 Year | — | $3.50 | ||

CDL: Class A | 28,650 | 5 Years | Birthday | $40.00 | ||

Class B | 11,234 | 5 Years | Birthday | $35.00 | ||

Class C | 2,308 | 5 Years | Birthday | $35.00 | ||

Class D | 721,387 | 5 Years | Birthday | $17.50 | ||

Class M | 36,993 | 5 Years | Birthday | $17.50 | ||

Class H | 808 | 2 Years | Birthday | $7.00 | ||

Texas* | Learner Permits | 213,377 | 1 Year | Birthday | $5.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | { | 1 & 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00/$40.00 | 401,926 | |

Class B | { | 1 & 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00/$41.00 | 178,169 | |

Class C | { | 1 & 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00/$42.00 | 15,778 | |

Class A | { | 1 & 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00/$43.00 | 49,295 | |

Class B | { | 1 & 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00/$41.00 | 23,394 | |

Class C | { | 1 & 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00/$42.00 | 12,663,924 | |

Class M | {4,852,046 | 1 & 4 Years | Birthday | $10.00/$43.00 | 608 | |

Utah | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 48 | 6 Months | — | $80.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 48,000 | 6 Months | — | $20.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 7,700 | 5 Years | Issuance | $80.00 | 40,000 | |

Class B | 2,800 | 5 Years | Issuance | $80.00 | 15,000 | |

Class C | 413 | 5 Years | Issuance | $80.00 | 1,500 | |

Class D | 296,000 | 5 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | 1,336,742 | |

Class M | 4 | 5 Years | Birthday | $15.00 | 39 | |

Vermont | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | { | 6 Months | — | |||

Non-Commercial | {12,751 | 2 Years | — | $7.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | { | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $60.00/$90.00 | ||

Class B | { | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $60.00/$90.00 | ||

Class C | { | 931 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $60.00/$90.00 | |

Operator | 113,449 | 2 & 4 Years | Birthday | $12.00/$20.00 | ||

Jr. Operator | 6,842 | 2 Years | Birthday | $12.00 | ||

Virginia | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 16,878 | 1 Year | — | $3.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 119,733 | 1 Year | — | Varies | ||

CDL: Class A | { | 3-7 Years | Birthday | $7.20/Year | 96,597 | |

Class B | { | 3-7 Years | Birthday | $7.20/Year | 68,768 | |

Class C | {55,207 | 3-7 Years | Birthday | $7.20/Year | 5,763 | |

Class O | 1,259,916 | 3-7 Years | Birthday | $7.20/Year | 4,429,084 | |

Class M | 188,164 | |||||

Washington | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 11,112 | 1 Year | — | $5.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 121,319 | 1 Year | — | $2.50/$4.00/$5.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 30,955 | 4 Years | Birthday | $20.00/$25.00 | 107,735 | |

Class B | 13,553 | 4 Years | Birthday | $20.00/$25.00 | 47,171 | |

Class C | 1,296 | 4 Years | Birthday | $20.00/$25.00 | 4,512 | |

Operators | 1,072,655 | 4 Years | Birthday | $14.00 | 3,678,825 | |

Motorcycle | 58,478 | 4 Years | Birthday | $6.00/$14.00 | 262,552 | |

West Virginia* | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 5,249 | 6 Months | — | $0.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 17,709 | 60 Days | — | $4.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 10,750 | Varies | Issuance | $8.75 per Year | 39,271 | |

Class B | 5,248 | Varies | Issuance | $8.75 per Year | 19,126 | |

Class C | 298 | Varies | Issuance | $8.75 per Year | 1,290 | |

Class D | 14,228 | Varies | Issuance | $6.25 per Year | 30,057 | |

Class E | 321,034 | Varies | Issuance | $2.50 per Year | 1,190,795 | |

Class F | 11 | Varies | Issuance | $2.50 per Year | 16 | |

Wisconsin* | Learner Permits: | — | ||||

Commercial | 18,134 | 6 Months | Issuance | $20.00 | ||

Non-Commercial | 133,441 | 6 Months | Issuance | $20.00 | ||

CDL: Class A | 1,471 | 4 Years | Birthday | $32.00 | { | |

Class B | 898 | 4 Years | Birthday | $32.00 | { | |

Class C | 59 | 4 Years | Birthday | $32.00 | { | |

Class D | 918,949 | 4 Years | Birthday | $15.00 & $4.00 | {3,709,957 | |

Wyoming | Learner Permits | N/A | 1 Year | — | $10.00 | — |

CDL: Class A | { | 4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Class B | { | 4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Class C | {6,048 | 4 Years | Birthday | Varies | ||

Non-CDL-All Classes | 84,377 | 4 Years | Birthday | Varies |

1/ The numbers of learner permits and driver licenses issued are not available in States where N/A is shown. For purposes of this report, when there are combined licenses by endorsement, the licensee has been counted in the highest class license that he/she holds.

* For States with an asterisk, see notes below:

ALABAMA—Includes local issuance fee of $.25 on learner permits, $.50 on duplicates, $1.50 on driver licenses; second or subsequent duplicate is $3.50 to $13.50. Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $5 each for written and road test.

ARIZONA—Operator license is good until 60th birthday. Fees based on age: 16-39, $25; 40-44, $20; 45-49, $15; 50+, $10. Testing can be done by third party. Vision testing and new photo required every 12 years.

CALIFORNIA—The original license fee covers the cost of a learner permit. First-time license in California is issued for 4 years. All renewals started on or after 10/1/97 will be issued a 5-year license. All renewals started before 10/1/97 regardless of when application is completed) will be issued a 4-year license.

COLORADO—No fee for renewal of motorcycle endorsement. Minor licenses expire 20 days after 18th birthday; provisional licenses expire 20 days after 21st birthday. Did not submit number of 1998 licenses issued during year data.

CONNECTICUT—Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $15 for operator and $3.50 for public service license.

DELAWARE—Learner permits included with new applicant.

FLORIDA—Original license fee is $20; "safe drivers (no convictions within the preceding 3 years)" may renew in person for $20 for 6 years.

GEORGIA—Regular license fee is $8 for organ donors and $15 for nondonors.

ILLINOIS—$10 of permit fee credited to operator license. Issues special license to minors (persons 18-20 years of age) which expire when 21 years old plus 3 months; 4-year—$10 and minor fees—$5.

INDIANA—$10 of permit fee credited to operator license. Issues 3-year licenses to aged persons. KANSAS—$2 examination fee in addition to the original license fee. Class M includes combo motorcycle licenses, i.e., Class AM, etc.

MARYLAND—Approximately 40% of learner permits are converted to licenses at no additional fee.

MASSACHUSETTS—Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $5 each for written and road test.

MICHIGAN—Persons age 60 and over may renew at $4 annually, original motorcycle endorsement—$6.

MINNESOTA—Number listed for school bus drivers is the number of exams administered during the year.

MONTANA—For CDL, fees are charged based on Type 1 or Type 2, and not by Class. Class A, B, C are a further breakdown of Types 1 and 2.

NEW HAMPSHIRE—Net licenses in force double count those individuals holding a motorcycle or moped license along with their CDL or operator.

NEW MEXICO—Persons 75 years or over renew annually at $2.50.

NEW YORK—43-54 month licenses are issued in order to place the licenses into his/her month of birth; fees prorated accordingly. Fees will not exceed amount specified.

NORTH CAROLINA—Term is 4 - 8 years in order to align everyone into a 5-year license term.

OHIO—Those under 21 are issued probationary licenses in both CDL and regular categories that expire on their 21st birthday; fees are based accordingly.

OKLAHOMA—Additional $4 to $25 fee for the license application before obtaining the original license. License fees: 62-year olds—$11.25, 63—$7.50, 64—$3.75, 65 and over is free of charge.

PENNSYLVANIA—Drivers over 65 renew for 2 years at $11.50.

RHODE ISLAND—Did not submit number of 1998 licenses issued during year data.

TENNESSEE—Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $5.

TEXAS—Licenses issued to those under 18 expire on 18th birthday: the fee is prorated with a $5 minimum. CDL licenses included in regular Class A, B, C licenses.

WEST VIRGINIA—Commercial class includes all CDL licenses issued including provisional licenses previously issued.

WISCONSIN—Examination fees in addition to the original license fee: $5 each for written and road test.