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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-11-040
Date: November 2012

 

Crash Data Analyses for Vehicle-To-Infrastructure Communications for Safety Applications

References

1. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2009). National Automotive Sampling System/General Estimates System (NASS GES), Washington, DC. Obtained from: ftp://ftp.nhtsa.dot.gov/GES/.

2. Federal Highway Administration. (2011). Highway Safety Information System (HSIS), Washington, DC. Obtained from: http://www.hsisinfo.org.

3. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2009). Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), Washington, DC. Obtained from: ftp://ftp.nhtsa.dot.gov/FARS/.

4. Shelton, T.S. (1993). Imputation in the NASS General Estimates System, Report No. DOT HS 807 985, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

5. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2009). National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) General Estimates System (GES) Analytical User's Manual 1988-2008, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

6. Shelton, T.S. (1991). National Accident Sampling System General Estimates System Technical Note, Report No. DOT HS 807 796, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

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8. DaSilva, M.P., Smith, J.D., and Najm, W.G. Heavy Vehicle Pre-Crash Scenario Typology for Crash Avoidance Research, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington DC. (Manuscript submitted in 2009 for publication and in-press).

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10. North America Operations Crash Avoidance Department. (1997). 44 Crashes, Version 3.0, General Motors Corporation, Warren, MI.

11. Najm, W.G., Sen, B., Smith, J.D., and Campbell, B.N. (2003). Analysis of Light Vehicle Crashes and Pre-Crash Scenarios Based on the 2000 General Estimates System, Report No. DOT HS 809 573, U.S Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

12. Najm, W.G., Koopmann, J., Smith, J.D., and Brewer, J. (2010). Frequency of Target Crashes for IntelliDrive Safety Systems, Report No. DOT HS 811 381, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

13. Chang, J., Cohen, D., Blincoe, L., Subramanian, R., and Lombardo, L. (2007). CICAS-V Research on Comprehensive Costs of Intersection Crashes, Report No. 07-0016, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

14. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2009). National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS CDS), Washington, DC. Obtained from http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/ncsa/nass_cds.html.

15. Federal Highway Administration. (2003). Intersection Collision Avoidance Study Final Report, Report No. FHWA/TX-03/4027-1, U.S Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

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17. NCUTLO. (2000). Uniform Vehicle Code, Millennium Ed., National Committee on Uniform Traffic Laws and Ordinances, Alexandria, VA.


[1] There were 32 single-vehicle pre-crash scenarios and 44 multi-vehicle pre-crash scenarios for which there were observed crashes during the analysis period. Some of the pre-crash scenarios included the phrase "no maneuver," which refers to the driver's action before the crash, not if the driver maneuvered to avoid the crash. For example, if a motor vehicle turned right and then crashed into a pedestrian, it is considered a pedestrian/maneuver crash as opposed to a motor vehicle that was driving straight and then crashed into a pedestrian, which is considered a pedestrian/no maneuver crash.

 

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