Skip to contentUnited States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration FHWA Home
Research Home
Fact Sheet
This fact sheet is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-06-135
Date: December 2006

Next Generation SIMulation Fact Sheet

NGSIM Overview

PDF version of Fact Sheet (1.64 MB)

Traffic microsimulation models are becoming widely used and valuable tools in modeling existing and planned future transportation networks and conditions. These models can help transportation professionals make important decisions on such topics as new roadway alignments and configurations, new interchange configurations and locations, the addition of freeway auxiliary lanes, work zone management strategies and plans, operational and intelligent transportation system (ITS) strategies and plans, coordination and timing of traffic signals, and the addition of high-occupancy toll lanes. Although many of the microsimulation models used today are robust and provide a wide range of analysis options, some gaps and limitations still exist that can affect the accuracy of their results.

Since the 1970s, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has been a leader in the development of traffic simulation models. Before FHWA undertook a leadership role, no commercial traffic simulation packages existed in the marketplace. To help achieve wider acceptance of the use of microsimulation systems and ensure the tools provide accurate results, FHWA's Traffic Analysis Tools Program launched the Next Generation SIMulation (NGSIM) program.

NGSIM is a unique public-private partnership between FHWA and commercial microsimulation software developers, the academic research community, and the traffic microsimulation community. In undertaking this partnership, FHWA will act as a market facilitator and use focused public resources to influence and stimulate the commercial simulation market by fostering a cooperative environment of public-private coordination.

Figure 1 shows the implementation of the overall NGSIM program. Through the NGSIM program, FHWA will develop several driver behavioral algorithms, along with supporting documentation and validation datasets, which represent the fundamental logic within microscopic traffic simulation models. These algorithms will describe the interactions of multimodal travelers, vehicles, and highway systems and the influence posed by traffic control devices, delineation, congestion, and other features of the environment. FHWA will openly distribute NGSIM products and make them freely available to the transportation community through the NGSIM Web site at http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/trafficanalysistools/ngsim.htm. These products include:

  • Real-world datasets and their corresponding data descriptions. These datasets consist of detailed vehicle trajectory, wide-area detector, and supporting data for researching driver behavior. The vehicle trajectory data, which were collected using digital video cameras like the one shown in figure 2, are particularly valuable due to the unprecedented level of detail and accuracy: the precise location of each vehicle on a 0.5- to 1.0-kilometer section of roadway is recorded every one-tenth of a second.
  • Core simulation algorithms, which are mathematical models that replicate fundamental driver behavior logic, such as how drivers follow each other or how and when drivers choose to change lanes, which are the foundational logic within traffic simulation models. The algorithms developed and validated under the NGSIM program are based on collected real-world datasets and are intended to fill the gaps and limitations of current simulation models.
  • Documentation of the core algorithms, including the theory and logic behind the algorithms, and documentation of the validation datasets.

Figure 1. Flow chart. This flowchart depicts the implementation of the NGSIM program. In this flow chart, the top horizontal level, labeled Market Assessment, contains two boxes: on the left, Algorithm Prioritization, and on the right, Algorithm Assessment. Beneath each is an arrow pointing to the next lower horizontal level. Each arrow sits between two boxes on the lower level. The second level, labeled High-Level System Design, contains three boxes, from left to right, Data Plan, Algorithm Plan, and Validation Plan. In each of the two gaps between these boxes—where the arrows from the top level also are contained—is a pair of horizontally facing arrows, directing the viewer to the horizontally neighboring boxes. Each of the boxes has an arrow beneath pointing to the next lower level. This next level, labeled Project Infrastructure, contains three boxes, from left to right, Data Formats, Web Site, and Prototype Data and Algorithms. Each of the boxes has an arrow beneath it pointing to the next lower level. This next level, labeled Data Collection, also contains three boxes, Freeway Datasets, Arterial Datasets, and Other Validation Datasets. Each of the boxes has an arrow beneath pointing to the next lower level. The next level, labeled Algorithm Research, contains one, large horizontal box, Microsimulation Behavioral Algorithms. The arrows from the above level both point to it. Two additional arrows point from that large box down to the bottom level. That level, labeled Commercial Validation, contains one large horizontal box, Commercial Software Validation of NGSIM Algorithms.

Figure 1. This flowchart depicts the implementation of the NGSIM program.

Figure 2. Photograph. A digital video camera mounted on top of a building that overlooks a highway is recording vehicle trajectory data. From atop an elevated mounting frame, a camera looks onto a multilane highway and into the distance toward an interchange.

Figure 2. A digital video camera mounted on top of a building that overlooks a highway is recording vehicle trajectory data.

From the outset, the NGSIM team sought input and advice from the traffic simulation community through the formation of three stakeholder groups that together represent the different perspectives of the community. These stakeholder groups include a traffic modelers group that represents researchers and others that develop driver behavior models, a software developers group that represents private vendors responsible for developing and maintaining commercial traffic simulation software, and a model users group that represents the practitioners who use traffic simulation models for decisionmaking.

The NGSIM team and stakeholder groups first conducted a market assessment of traffic microsimulation models, including identifying their limitations and prioritizing the NGSIM algorithm research needs based on the objective of improving the core behavioral algorithms in microsimulation software. The NGSIM team then formulated high-level plans for collecting data and developing and validating the algorithms. These plans ensured that the research would be conducted through a consistent, rigorous process. The team also provided an infrastructure for free and open sharing of data by developing data formats and a Web site for online dissemination of NGSIM products. The high-level system plans and project infrastructure then enabled the team to proceed with the primary tasks of collecting real-world datasets, developing core simulation algorithms, and validating the algorithms using commercial simulation software.

As a result of the core simulation algorithms developed through NGSIM ultimately being incorporated into commercial simulation models, transportation practitioners will be able to use microsimulation software more confidently knowing that traffic simulation experts developed the models' algorithms using high-quality, real-world datasets. Improving the core algorithms ultimately will lead to more reliable and valid transportation decisions, which is critical in the current environment of both shrinking transportation budgets and growing demand for accountable and efficient transportation investments. Enabling reliable and valid transportation decisions through improved traffic simulation modeling is the ultimate goal of the NGSIM program.

For more information, visit the NGSIM Web site at http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/trafficanalysistools/ngsim.htm or contact:

John Halkias
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Transportation Management
Room 3404, HOTM-1
400 Seventh Street, SW
Washington, DC 20590
202-366-2183
john.halkias@fhwa.dot.gov

James Colyar
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Operations Research and Development
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101
202-493-3282
james.colyar@fhwa.dot.gov

 

The Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center (TFHRC) has more than 24 laboratories for research in the following areas: safety; operations, including intelligent transportation systems; materials technology; pavements; structures; and human centered systems. The expertise of TFHRC scientists and engineers covers more than 20 transportation-related disciplines. These laboratories are a vital resource for advancing this body of knowledge created and nurtured by our researchers. The Federal Highway Administration's Office of Research, Development, and Technology operates and manages TFHRC to conduct innovative research to provide solutions to transportation problems both nationwide and internationally. TFHRC is located in McLean, Virginia. Information on TFHRC is available on the Web at www.fhwa.dot.gov/research/tfhrc.

This Next Generation SIMulation fact sheet provides concise information about a TFHRC facility.

Publication No. FHWA-HRT-06-135

PDF files can be viewed with the Acrobat® Reader®

ResearchFHWA
FHWA
United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration