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Freight Economy

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FHWA's Roundtable on the Freight Economy: Miami, Florida

Date: February 10, 2016

Our Host: Miami-Dade Metropolitan Planning Organization

Key Regional Transportation Facilities and Freight Hubs

HIGHWAYSI-75, I-95, I-395, Florida’s Turnpike Homestead Extension (HEFT), Okeechobee Road / US-27, US-1, SR-112, SR-836, SR-826, SR-874, SR-878, SR-924, SR-934 and NW36 Street (extension of Airport Expressway)
RAILROADSIntermodal Rail Yard – Hialeah, Florida East Coast (FEC) and CSX
AIRPORTSMiami International Airport Kendall-Tamiami Executive Airport
WATERBORNEPort Miami (Seaport), Miami River

Freight Facilities

Map of the Miami area showing: railroads, highways, waterways, airports, rail yards, seaports, intermodal logistics center and mines.

Source: FDOT

Stakeholders Represented by the Following:

What the future of freight will look like for the region:

Top 5 Commodities by Value 2040

Commodity Value (millions $) % of total
Machinery 185,292 15%
Electronics 169,669 14%
Precision instruments 157,289 13%
Pharmaceuticals 119,647 10%
Motorized vehicles 84,458 7%
All commodities 1,255,137 100%

Top 5 Commodities by Weight 2040

Commodity Tons (thousands) % of total
Nonmetal min. prods. 69,939 18%
Gravel 40,809 11%
Newsprint/paper 35,353 9%
Other foodstuffs 20,173 5%
Gasoline 19,959 5%
All commodities 383,468 100%

Trading Partners 2040

Outbound by Weight of Shipment
(thousand tons)

Trade partner Tonnage % of total
Rest of Americas 41,579 36%
Florida 29,009 25%
Pennsylvania 6,912 6%
Canada 4,978 4%
Eastern Asia 3,933 3%
Total outbound 116,398 100%

Inbound by Weight of Shipment
(thousand tons)

Trade partner Tonnage % of total
Florida 26,271 28%
Rest of Americas 19,340 21%
Europe 7,764 8%
Eastern Asia 5,118 5%
Canada 4,484 5%
Total outbound 93,532 100%

*2012 from FAF4, 2040 from FAF3

Modal Freight Share by Tonnage, 2012 and 2040

2012: Truck 87.8%, Rail 1.7%, Water 3.8%, Air 0.1%, Multiple mode/Mail 2.1%, Pipeline 4.6%, and Other/unknown 0.1%.  2040: Truck 81.5%, Rail 4.1%, Water 0.5%, Air 0.2%, Multiple mode/Mail 9.2%, Pipeline 1.5%, and Other/unknown 3.0%.  Freight demand expected to grow from 214 million tons (2012) to 383 million tons (2040).

The Miami Dade Region will see multimodal freight activity nearly triple in value terms and nearly double in tonnage terms between 2012 and 2040.

The Miami Dade region represents the 15th highest volume of freight tonnage among U.S. metropolitan markets.

Miami Dade has a higher share of freight activity moving by truck (88%) as compared to the nation (70%; tonnage based).

Rail currently accounts for 2% of the Miami region’s freight tonnage, but rail activity is expected to more than triple by 2040.

Truck parking continues to be a priority in the region. The 595 Truck Stop is South Florida's only full service facility.

Florida DOT has study under way to investigate feasibility of full service truck stop/parking on state owned land at one identified site at the northwest corner of Turnpike and NW 12th Street.

The trade and transportation sector accounts for approximately 27% of the region's employment.

The majority of Miami Dade’s freight activity is domestic (72% by value and 89% by tonnage). By value, the region's international freight will expand nearly seven times over, fueled by strong growth with South America.

The Miami-Dade region includes four Foreign Trade Zones (FTZ) with several million square feet in distribution centers surrounding these zones. Intermodal access (including port, rail and air) is crucial for these facilities as they rely heavily on efficiency in regional transportation and logistics networks.

The Miami Dade region has fifteen of the top twenty freight bottlenecks in the state of Florida, according to a 2013 Florida DOT study.

The Port of Miami plays an integral role in freight activity in Southeast Florida. Local forecasts suggest doubling or tripling of cargo at the port over the next 20 years.

Sources for Freight Facts: FAF and ARC

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Page last modified on October 14, 2016
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