U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations
|This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information|
|Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-12-059 Date: December 2012|
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-12-059
Date: December 2012
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As of December 2012, this online document was modified in the following ways:
Editorial corrections were made to this factsheet after it was originally published. The following table shows the modifications that were made to this report.
Page 1, first paragraph in “Research and Development Focus Areas” section
Page 2, first paragraph in “Accelerated Highway Construction” section
Page 2, first paragraph in “Environmentally Sensitive Highway Infrastructure” section
The Office of Infrastructure Research and Development (R&D) conducts and administers infrastructure R&D programs and projects for the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) that address problems of national priority within the U.S. highway system. This work directly supports the goals and mission of the U.S. Department of Transportation, the FHWA Strategic Plan, and the 2011 FHWA Infrastructure Research and Technology (R&T) Strategic Plan.(1,2)
The Office of Infrastructure R&D approaches its mission with emphasis on strong stakeholder involvement and an interdisciplinary approach founded on recognition of the following:
The goals of FHWA's Office of Infrastructure R&D are as follows:
Conduct research to develop knowledge, guidelines, analytical and physical tools, and test methods and procedures that enable the delivery of a safe, environmentally friendly, long-lasting, disaster-resilient, and cost effective highway infrastructure that provides a high level of service.
Provide specialized technical assistance to address infrastructure issues of national importance requiring research capabilities and technical expertise uniquely available at FHWA's Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center.
The Office of Infrastructure R&D focuses on important research and development where there is an appropriate Federal role by virtue of national need, scope, duration, or risk. This work, which is guided by the 2011 FHWA Infrastructure Research and Technology Strategic Plan,
attempts to perform addresses the following:(2)
AMENDED December 18, 2012
Reduce the number of fatalities attributable to infrastructure design characteristics and work zones.
Improve the safety and security of highway infrastructure.
Improve the management of infrastructure assets and advance the implementation of a performance-based program for the National Highway System.
Improve the ability of transportation agencies to deliver projects that meet expectations for timeliness, quality, and cost.
Reduce user delay attributable to infrastructure system performance, maintenance, rehabilitation, and construction.
Improve highway condition and performance through increased use of design, materials, construction, and maintenance innovations.
Reduce the life-cycle environmental impacts of highway infrastructure (i.e., design, construction, operation, preservation, and maintenance).
These objectives are pursued through the following overarching strategies.
Long-Term Infrastructure Performance
The focus of this strategy is to conduct, build upon, and integrate the current Long-Term Pavement Performance program and Long-Term Bridge Performance program to answer critical questions concerning the long-term performance of the Nation's highway infrastructure. Activities in this strategy include development of the following:
A publicly available dataset documenting the performance of a well-characterized set of pavement test sections and bridges that is representative of the majority of the Nation's highways, including their design, materials, construction, preservation, and maintenance.
Improved bridge and pavement monitoring sensors and systems (e.g., smart sensors, embedded sensors, and systems) that permit both periodic and continuous performance evaluation and accurate condition assessment.
High-speed and high-resolution nondestructive evaluation technologies for inspection, evaluation, and performance monitoring.
Analysis and data-mining tools that can be applied across a range of infrastructure databases and datasets.
Durable Infrastructure Systems
Within this strategy, durable and resilient infrastructure systems and elements are developed to improve in-service performance, reduce maintenance needs and costs, reduce life-cycle costs, and significantly improve safety during normal service and extreme hazard events. This will require that infrastructure durability and deterioration prevention be addressed in a more systematic manner by developing the following:
High-performance, long-life, advanced materials that increase resiliency and reduce maintenance and reconstruction needs (e.g., self-monitoring or self-healing materials).
Improved systems, preservation techniques, analysis methods, and technologies to prevent material degradation, corrosion, cracking, fatigue, and other serviceability problems in existing highway infrastructure.
Advanced infrastructure performance prediction and design models for both service-level and extreme events.
Designs and details that provide resiliency during extreme hazard events, systems that facilitate evacuation as well as support response and recovery operations, and highways that can be rapidly repaired and returned to service.
Infrastructure designs and details that facilitate effective inspection, maintenance, and repair.
Quality assurance and quality control standards and procedures that can be effectively applied during the fabrication process and in the field.
Accelerated Highway Construction
This strategy aims to develop accelerated construction, rehabilitation, and reconstruction methodologies for highway systems and structures. This strategy directly addresses the Nation's congestion and safety needs, as well as the
impending crisis due to an aging infrastructure1. The research and development to be pursued as a part of this strategy includes the following:
AMENDED December 18, 2012
Prefabricated structures and systems, including bridge sub- and superstructures and geotechnical constructions.
Advanced fabrication, construction, and erection techniques and equipment.
Technologies that enable real-time quality control and assurance in an accelerated construction setting.
Environmentally Sensitive Highway Infrastructure
This strategy addresses the need for technologies to enable
an environmentally sensitive highway infrastructure. This strategy will reduce detrimental environmental impacts arising from construction and maintenance of highway infrastructure, as well as the physical, chemical, and aesthetic attributes of highway transportation. Elements of this strategy include the following:
AMENDED December 18, 2012
Quantification and characterization of the impacts of highway infrastructure on the environment.
Technologies to enable expanded use of recycled or waste materials in highway construction.
Pursuit of less damaging (i.e., “green”) and renewable materials and construction technologies.
With this strategy, researchers will work toward comprehensive performance-based specifications. Such specifications are needed to balance risk between agencies and industry (contractors), encourage innovation, provide greater consistency between design expectations and actual performance, and support innovative contracting procedures and construction practices. This strategy is dependent on the ability to accurately predict future performance. It will build on outcomes from the long-term infrastructure performance and durable infrastructure systems research. Specific examples of performance-based specifications include the following:
Extreme event infrastructure design standards that provide specified levels of operation and service based on identified post event needs but that prevent catastrophic failure.
Service-level infrastructure design and material standards that allow more innovation than current prescriptive infrastructure design and material standards.
Materials and construction standards that link design and construction and compel contractors to minimize constructed project life-cycle costs.
Bridge and pavement construction standards that hold contractors responsible for meeting structural and functional thresholds over the long term (15+ years).
Comprehensive and Integrated Infrastructure Asset Management
This strategy builds on and integrates the outcomes from previous strategies, including long-term infrastructure performance, accelerated highway construction, durable infrastructure systems, environmentally sensitive infrastructure, and performance-based specification, to deliver the tools and technologies needed to achieve fully integrated processes and systems for asset management, including infrastructure planning, design, contracting, construction, preservation, and maintenance. Activities in this capstone strategy include development of the following:
Improved performance and life-cycle cost models that consider the full life cycle of the infrastructure in an integrated and comprehensive fashion and are applicable to any combination of materials.
Needed information from the analysis of data collected under the Long-Term Infrastructure Performance strategy to support sound decisionmaking in the asset management process.
In pursuing the research and development program described herein, the FHWA Office of Infrastructure R& D works closely and collaboratively with other FHWA offices and with the broader community of highway stakeholders to ensure that the program performs the following:
Addresses agency goals, missions, and requirements.
Is aware of the work of other agencies and organizations and coordinates its work accordingly to avoid inappropriate duplication of effort and maximize the overall value of the research and development investments.
Delivers outcomes in the form of readily implementable products at the earliest appropriate time.
Moves products into practice as quickly as possible to achieve maximum possible benefits.
The outcomes delivered through pursuit of these strategies will benefit the American public by enabling improvements in the safety, performance, and cost effectiveness of the Nation's highway infrastructure while minimizing the environmental impacts of highway construction, maintenance, and rehabilitation. The results will reduce highway congestion, improve highway safety, and enhance the overall driving experience.
FHWA is charged with ensuring minimum standards of safety for the public as it travels on the Nation's roads and highways. While there are many other organizations and agencies that conduct highway infrastructure research, the FHWA Office of Infrastructure R& D is uniquely positioned to address the continuum of highway infrastructure research from high-risk, exploratory, and advanced research through the highly applied, problem-specific research that is necessary to address current issues and immediate problems. This broad range of research capability provides a high likelihood of success that is so critical for sustaining the Nation's economy.
Federal Highway Administration. (2012). FHWA Strategic Plan, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC. Obtained from: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/fhplan.htm.
Federal Highway Administration. (2012). 2011 FHWA Infrastructure Research and Technology Strategic Plan, Report No. FHWA-HRT-12-043, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.
1 According to the FHWA National Bridge Inventory, the Nation's bridges have an average age of 43 years, and the majority of pavements on the National Highway System have surpassed their original design life.