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Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information

Publication Number: FHWA-RD-98-139
Date: June 1999

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A Quarter Century of Geotechnical Research


  1. Nataraja, M. S., "Bridge Foundation Needs," Report No. FHWA/RD-82/050, February 1982.

  2. Moulton, L. K., Ganga Rao, H. V. S., and Halvorsen, G. T., "Tolerable Movement Criteria for Highway Bridges," Interim Report, Report No. FHWA/RD-81/162, September 1982. (NTIS PB83-198804).

  3. Moulton, L. K., Ganga Rao, H. V. S., and Halvorsen, G. T., "Tolerable Movement Criteria for Highway Bridges," Final Report, Report No. FHWA/RD-85/107, October 1985. (NTIS PB86-150745/AS).

  4. Moulton, L. K., "Tolerable Movement Criteria for Highway Bridges", Report No. FHWA-TS-85-228, February 1986.

  5. Hannigan, P. J., Goble, G. G., Thendean, G., Likins, G. E., and Raushe, F., "Design and Construction of Driven Pile Foundations," Report No. FHWA-HI-97-013, January 1997.

  6. Cheney, R. S. and Chassie, R. G., "Soils and Foundations Workshop Manual," Report No. FHWA-HI-88-009, July 1993.

  7. Armour, T. and Groneck, P., "Micropile Design and Construction Guidelines and Implementation Manual," Report No. FHWA-SA-97-070, December 1998.

  8. O-Neill, M. W., "Field Study of Pile Group Action, Interim Report, Mathematical Models and Design of Load Test," Report No. FHWA/RD-81/001, March 1981. (NTIS PB82-139270).

  9. O-Neill, M. W., Hawkins, R. A., and Mahar, L. J., "Field Study of Pile Group Action," Final Report, Report No. FHWA/RD-81/002, March 1981. (NTIS PB82-24916).

    Note: Appendices A-F are reported in separate volumes as follows:

    Appendix A, FHWA/RD-81-003, Ha, H. B. and O-Neill, M. W., "User-s Guide for Program PILGP1," March 1981. (NTIS PB82-137639).

    Appendix B, FHWA/RD-81/004, Ha, H. B. and O-Neill, M. W., "Documentation for Program PILGP1," March 1981. (NTIS PB82-137647).

    Appendix C, FHWA/RD-81/005, Mahar, L. J. and O-Neill, M. W., "Geotechnical Investigation," March 1981. (NTIS PB82-196288).

    Appendix D, FHWA/RD-81/006, Muster, G. L. and O-Neill, M. W., "Detailed Graphical Presentation of Reduced Data," March 1981.

    Appendix E, FHWA/RD-81/007, White, A. H., Peterson, N. C., Skytta, J. R., and O-Neill, M. W., "Evaluation of Instrumentation," March 1981.

    Appendix F, FHWA/RD-81/008, O-Neill, M. W., Hawkins, R. A., and Mahar, L. J., "Supplementary Information," March 1981.

  10. Ng, E. S., Tsang, S. K. and Auld, B. C., "Pile Foundations: The Behavior of Piles in Cohesionless Soils, Volume I, Research Report," Report No. FHWA-RD-88-081; Report No. FHWA-RD-88-082, Volume II, Appendices, August 1990.

  11. Davisson, M. T., Manuel, F. S., and Armstrong, R. M., "Allowable Stresses in Piles," Report No. FHWA/RD-83-059, December 1983. (NTIS PB84-199462).

  12. Raushe, F., Likens, G. E., Goble, G. G., and Hussein, M., "The Performance of Pile Driving Systems: Inspection Manual," Report No. FHWA/RD-86/160, December 1986.

  13. Raushe, F., Thendean, G., Abou-Matar, H., Likens, G. E., and Goble, G. G., "Determination of Pile Driveability and Capacity From Penetration Tests," Volume I, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-179, May 1997. Volume II, Appendices, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-180. Volume III, Literature Review, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-181.

  14. Paikowsky, S. G., Regan, J. E. and McDonnell, J. J., "A Simplified Field Method for Capacity Evaluation of Driven Piles," Report No. FHWA-RD-94-042, September 1994.

  15. Bruce, D. A. and Juran, I., "Drilled and Grouted Micropiles: State of the Practice Review," Volume I: Background, Classifications, Cost, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-016, July 1997. Volume II, Design, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-017. Volume III, Construction, QA/QC, and Testing, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-018. Volume IV, Case Histories, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-019.

  16. Audibert, J. L. and Holloway, M. T., "Results and Interpretation of Pile Load Test Program," Unpublished Report from Locks and Dam No. 26 at Alton, Illinois, May 1979.

  17. Briaud, J. L., Tucker, L., Lytton, R. L., and Coyle, H. M., "Behavior of Piles and Pile Groups in Cohesionless Soils," Final Report, Report No. FHWA/RD-83/038, July 1985. (NTIS PB86-152089/AS).

  18. Albert F. DiMillio, "Pile Group Load Tests in Clay: Introduction and Background," Proceedings of the Pile Group Prediction Symposium, FHWA/TS-84-203, November 1980.

  19. DiMillio, A. F., Ng, E. S., Briaud, J. L. and O-Neill, M. W., "Pile Group Prediction Symposium: Summary, Volume I, Sandy Soil," Report No. FHWA-TS-87-221, October 1987.

  20. DiMillio, A. F., O-Neill, M. W., Hawkins, R. A., Vgaz, O. G., and Vesic, A. S., "Pile Group Prediction Symposium: Summary, Volume II, Clay Soil," Report No. FHWA-TS-87-222, October 1987.

  21. Ko, H-Y., Atkinson, R. H., and Goble, G. G., "Centrifuge Testing of Model Piles and Pile Groups," Executive Summary, Volume 1, Report No. FHWA/RD-84-002, (NTIS PB85-247708). "Centrifuge Tests in Sand," Volume 2, Report No. FHWA/RD-84/003, (NTIS PB85-247716/AS). "Centrifuge Tests in Clay," Volume 3, Report No. FHWA/RD-84/004, November 1984. (NTIS PB85-247724/AS).

  22. Reese, L. C., "Behavior of Piles and Pile Groups Under Lateral Loads," Report No. FHWA/RD-85/106, March 1986. (NTIS PB86-238466).

  23. Baker, C. N., Parikh, G., Briaud, J. L., Drumright, E. E. and Mensah, F., "Drilled Shafts for Bridge Foundations," Report No. FHWA-RD-92-004, August 1993.

  24. O-Neill, M. W., Townsend, F. C., Hassan, K. M., Buller, A. and Chan, P. S., "Load Transfer for Drilled Shafts in Intermediate Geomaterials," Report No. FHWA-RD-95-172, November 1996.

  25. Baker, C. N. and Keifer, T. A., "Effects of Free Fall of Concrete in Drilled Shafts," ADSC Report No. TL112, January 1994.

  26. DiMillio, A. F., "Performance of Highway Bridge Abutments Supported by Spread Footings on Compacted Fill," Report No. FHWA/RD-81/184, November 1982. (NTIS PB83-201822). (FHWA Staff Study).

  27. Gifford, D. G. , Wheeler, J. R., Kraemer, S. R., and McKown, A. F., "Spread Footings for Highway Bridges," Report No. FHWA/RD-86/185, March 1987.

  28. Briaud, J. L. and Gibbens, R., "Large-Scale Load Tests and Data Base of Spread Footings on Sand," Report No. FHWA-RD-97-068, November 1997.

  29. Briaud, J. L. and Gibbons, R. D., "Predicted and Measured Behavior of Five Spread Footings on Sand," ASCE Geotechnical Publication No. 41, June 1994 (with introduction by A. F. DiMillio).

  30. Adams, M. T. and Lutenegger, A. J., "Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations on Compacted Sand," Report No. FHWA-RD-98-070 (In process).

  31. Osterberg, J. O., "The Osterberg Cell for Load Testing Drilled Shafts and Driven Piles," Report No. FHWA-SA-94-035, February 1995.

  32. Christopher, B. R., Gill, S. A., Juran, I., and Mitchell, J. K., "Reinforced Soil Structures, Volume 1, Design and Construction Guidelines," Report No. FHWA-RD-89/043, November 1990, Volume 2, "Summary of Research Systems Information," Report No. FHWA-RD-89/044.

  33. Adams, M. T., "Performance of a Prestrained Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Bridge Pier," Proceedings of the International Symposium on Mechanically Stabilized Backfill, A.A. Balkema, February 1997.

  34. Frondistou-Yannas, S., "Corrosion Susceptability of Internally Reinforced Soil Retaining Structures," Report No. FHWA-RD-83/105, January 1985.

  35. Elias, V., "Durability/Corrosion of Reinforced Soil Structures," Report No. FHWA-RD-89/186, December 1990. (NTIS PB91-176610).

  36. Allen, T. M. and Elias, V., "Durability of Geosynthetics for Highway Applications," Interim Report, Report No. FHWA-RD-95/016, January 1996.

  37. Elias, V., Yuan, Z., Swan, R. H. and Bachus, R. C., "Development of Protocols for Confined Extension/Creep Testing of Geosynthetics for Highway Applications," Report No. FHWA-RD-97-143, March 1998.

  38. Elias, V., Carlson, D., Bachus, R. C. and Giroud, J. P., "Stress Cracking Potential of High-Density Polyethlene Geogrids," Report No. FHWA-RD-97-142, August 1998.

  39. Elias, V., "Corrosion/Degradation of Soil Reinforcment for Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls and Reinforced Soil Slopes," Report No. FHWA-SA-96/072, October 1996. (NTIS PB97-123327).

  40. Weatherby, D. E., "Design Manual for Permanent Ground Anchor Walls, " Report No. FHWA-RD-97-130, September 1998.

  41. Weatherby, P. E., "Permanent Ground Anchor Walls," Report Nos. FHWA-RD-98-065, 066, 067 and 068, September 1998. Volume 1: Current Practice and Limiting Equilibrium Analysis; Volume 2: Full-Scale Wall Tests and Soil Structure Interaction Model; Volume 3: Model-Scale Wall Tests and Ground Anchor Tests; Volume 4: Conclusions and Recommendations.

  42. Elias, V., and Juran, I., "Soil Nailing for Stabilization of Highway Slopes and Excavations," Report No. FHWA-RD-89/198, June 1991. (NTIS PB92-117696).

  43. Byrne, R. J. Cotton, D., Porterfield, J., Wolschleg, C., and Ueblecker, G., "Manual for Design and Construction of Soil Nail Walls," Report No. FHWA-SA-96/069, November 1996.

  44. Barksdale, R. D. and Bachus, R. C., "Design and Construction of Stone Columns," Report No. FHWA/RD-83/026, December 1983. (NTIS PB84-190024). Volume 2, Appendixes, Report No. FHWA/RD-83/027, December 1983. (NTIS PB85-215416/AS).

  45. Lukas, R. G., "Dynamic Compaction for Highway Construction: Volume 1, Design and Construction Guidelines," Report No. FHWA/RD-86/133, July 1986. (NTIS PB87-157491).

  46. Rixner, J. J., Kraemer, S. R., and Smith, A. D., "Prefabricated Vertical Drains: Volume 1, Engineering Guidelines," Report No. FHWA/RD-86/168, August 1986. (NTIS PB87-155008/AS).

  47. Kraemer, S. R., and Smith, A. D., "Geocomposite Drains: Volume 1, Engineering Assessment and Preliminary Guidelines," Report No. FHWA/RD-86/171, August 1986. (NTIS PB87-154993/AS).

  48. Snethen, D. R., "An Evaluation of Methodology for Prediction and Minimization of Detrimental Volume Change of Expansive Soils in Highway Subgrades," 2 Volumes, Report Nos. FHWA-RD-79-49 and -50, Waterways Experiment Station, March 1979.

  49. Snethen, D. R., "Expansive Soil in Highway Subgrades: Summary," Report No. FHWA-TS-80-236, April 1980.

  50. Snethen, D. R., "Technical Guidelines for Expansive Soils in Highway Subgrades, " Report No. FHWA-RD-79-51, Waterways Experiment Station, June 1979. (NTIS PB80-139660).

  51. Hoover, J. M. and Handy, R. L., "Chemical Compaction Aids for Fine-Grained Soils, " 2 Volumes, Report Nos. FHWA-RD-79-63 and 64, Iowa State University, June 1979. (NTIS PB80-301115 and PB80-102411).

  52. Terrel, R. L., Epps, J. A., Barenberg, E. J., Mitchell, J. K., and Thompson, M. R., "Soil Stabilization in Pavement Structures: A User-s Manual," Report No. FHWA-IP-80-2, October 1979.

  53. Nussbaum, P. J., Kantro, D. L., and Helmuth, R. A., "The Role of Magnesium Oxide in Lime Stabilization," 3 Volumes, Report Nos. FHWA-RD-75-98, 99, and 100, Portland Cement Association, October 1975.

  54. Chamberlain, E. J., "Frost Susceptibility of Soil, Review of Index Tests," Report No. FHWA/RD-82/081, August 1982. (NTIS AD-A111752).

  55. Berg, R. L. , Guymon, G. L., and Johnson, T. C., "Mathematical Model to Correlate Frost Heave of Pavements With Laboratory Predictions," Report No. FHWA-RD-79-71, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, August 1980. (NTIS AD-A084737).

  56. Johnson, T. C., Berg, R. L., Chamberlain, E. J., and Cole, D. M., "Frost Action Predictive Techniques for Roads and Airfields: Volume 1, A Comprehensive Survey of Research Findings," Report No. FHWA/RD-87/057, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, June 1987.

  57. Strohm, W. E., Bragg, G. H., and Ziegler, T. W., "Design and Construction of Compacted Shale Embankments - Volume 5, Technical Guidelines," Report No. FHWA-RD-78-141, Waterways Experiment Station, December 1978. (NTIS PB78-296506/AS).

  58. Strohm, W. E., "Design and Construction of Shale Embankments: Summary," Report No. FHWA-TS-80-219, April 1980.

  59. Pierson, L. A. and Van Vickle, R., "The Rockfall Hazard Rating System," Report No. FHWA-OR-EG-90-01, January 1990.

  60. Pierson, L. A. and Van Vickle, R., "Rockfall Hazard Rating System - Participants Manual," Report No. FHWA-SA-93-057, November 1993. (NTIS PB96-129127).

  61. Brawner, C. O., "Rockfall Hazard Mitigation Methods - Participant-s Manual, " Report No. FHWA-SA-93-085, March 1994. (NTIS PB97-183396).

  62. DiMillio, A. F. and Prince, G., "National Geotechnical Experimentation Sites," Public Roads, Vol. 57, No. 2, Autumn 1993.

  63. Benoit, J., Sawyer, S. M., Adams, M. T. and De Alba, P. A., "National Geotechnical Experimental Sites: Central Data Repository User Manual," Report No. FHWA-RD-94-071, December 1994.

  64. Manuel, F. S., "Evaluation and Improvement of Existing Bridge Foundations," Report No. FHWA/RD-83/061, February 1984. (NTIS PB84-199454).

  65. Elias, V., "Strategies for Managing Unknown Bridge Foundations," Report No. FHWA-RD-92-030, February 1994.

  66. Consla, J. and Baecher, G.B., "Geotechnical Risk and Reliability: The State of the Art," Report No. FHWA/RD-87/110, March 1987.

  67. Baecher, G.B., "Geotechnical Risk Analysis: A Users Guide," Report No. FHWA/RD-87/111, March 1987.

  68. Schmertmann, J. H., "Guidelines for Cone Penetration Test," Report No. FHWA-TS-78-209, February 1977.

  69. Briaud, J. L. and Miran, J., "The Cone Penetrometer Test." Report No.   FHWA-SA-91-043, February 1992.

  70. Briaud, J. L., "The Pressuremeter Test for Highway Applications," Report No. FHWA-RD-89-008, July 1989.

  71. Fox, N. S., Handy, R. L., Trott, G. D., Remmes, B. and Moldt, S., "Determination of Horizontal Stress in Soils," Report No. FHWA/RD-81/118, August 1981. (NTIS PB82-1266400).

  72. Lam, I. P. and Martin, G. R., "Seismic Design of Highway Bridge Foundations, " Volume I, Executive Summary; Volume II, Design Procedures and Guidelines; Volume III, Example Problems and Sensitivity Studies, Report Nos. FHWA-RD-86-101, 102, and 103, June 1986. (NTIS/PB87-133062, PB88-157276, and PB88-157284).

  73. O-Neill, M. W., "Drilled Shafts: Construction Procedures and Design Methods," Report No. FHWA-HI-88-042, July 1988.

  74. Reese, L. C., "Handbook on Design of Piles and Drilled Shafts Under Lateral Loads," Report No. FHWA-IP-84-11, July 1984.


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