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Publication Number:  FHWA-HRT-13-091    Date:  November 2014
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-13-091
Date: November 2014

 

Verification, Refinement, and Applicability of Long-Term Pavement Performance Vehicle Classification Rules

Appendix A. Vehicle Classification Rule sets

Table 40. Florida Department of Transportation Classifier Axle Spacing Rule Set.

Order Class Vehicle Description No. of Axles Spacing 1-2 (ft) Spacing 2-3 (ft) Spacing 3-4 (ft) Spacing 4-5 (ft) Spacing 5-6 (ft) Spacing 6-7 (ft) Spacing 7-8 (ft) Spacing 8 -9 (ft)
1 1 Motorcycle 2 0.1-6.0 - - - - - - -
2 2 Auto, Pickup 2 6.00-10.0 - - - - - - -
3 3 Other (Limo, Van, RV) 2 10.00-13.30 - - - - - - -
4 4 Bus 2 23.00-40.0 - - - - - - -
5 5 2 D 2 13.30-23.0 - - - - - - -
1 8 2S1, 21 3 10.00-23.0 11.0-40.0 - - - - - -
2 4 Bus 3 23.00-40.0 0.1-6.0 - - - - - -
3 6 3 Axle 3 6.00-23.0 0.1-6.0 - - - - - -
4 3 Other with 1 Axle Trlr 3 10.00-13.30 6.0-25.0 - - - - - -
5 2 Auto with 1 Axle Trlr 3 6.00-10.0 6.0-25.0 - - - - - -
6 5 2D with 1 Axle Trlr 3 13.30-23.0 6.0-25.0 - - - - - -
1 8 2S2 4 10.00-23.0 11.0-40.0 2.0-12.0 - - - - -
2 8 3S1, 31 4 6.00-23.0 0.1-6.0 6.00-44.0 - - - - -
3 7 4 Axle 4 6.00-23.0 0.1-6.0 0.1-6.0 - - - - -
4 3 Other with 2 Axle Trlr 4 10.00-13.30 6.0-25.0 0.1-6.0 - - - - -
5 5 2D with 2 Axle Trlr 4 13.30 -23.0 6.0-25.0 0.1-6.0 - - - - -
6 2 Auto with 2 Axle Trlr 4 6.00-10.0 6.0-25.0 0.1-6.0 - - - - -
1 9 3S2 5 6.00-26.0 0.1-6.0 6.00-46.0 0.1-11.00 - - - -
2 9 32 5 6.00-26.0 0.1-6.0 6.00- 23.0 11.0-27.0 - - - -
3 11 2S12 5 6.00-26.0 11.0-26.0 6.00-20.0 11.00-26.0 - - - -
4 3 Other with 3 Axle Trlr 5 10.00-13.30 6.0-25.0 0.1-6.0 0.1-6.0 - - - -
5 5 2D with 3 Axle Trlr 5 13.30-23.0 6.0-25.0 0.1-6.0 0.1-6.0 - - - -
1 10 3S3, 33 6 6.00-26.0 0.1-6.0 0.1-46.0 0.1-11.0 0.1-11.0 - - -
2 12 3S12 6 6.00-26.0 0.1-6.0 11.00-26.0 6.00-24.0 11.00-26.0 - - -
1 10 Other Class 10 Vehicles 7 6.00-16.7 0.1-6.0 13.3-40.0 0.1-13.3 0.1-13.3 0.1-13.3 - -
2 13 2S23,3S22,3S13 7 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 - -
1 13 3S23 8 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 -
1 13 Permit 9 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0 1.0-45.0
  15 Error/Unclassified - - - - - - - - -

- Indicates not applicable

Trlr = Trailer

 

Table 41. Michigan Department of Transportation Classification and Weight Parameters for WIM

Class Vehicle Description No. of Axles Spacing 1 (ft) Spacing 2 (ft) Spacing 3 (ft) Spacing 4 (ft) Spacing 5 (ft) Spacing 6 (ft) Spacing 7 (ft) Spacing 8 (ft) Spacing 9 (ft) Spacing 10 (ft) Weight Min-Max
1 Motorcycle 2 0.1-6.0 - - - - - - - - - 100-3,000
2 Car 2 6.0-10.1 - - - - - - - - - 1,000-8,000
3 Truck 2 10.1-16.0 - - - - - - - - - 1,000-8,000
4 Bus 2 21.09-40.0 - - - - - - - - - 12,000 >
5 2D 2 8.0-21.09 - - - - - - - - - 8,000 >
2 Car/1 Axle Trailer 3 6.0-10.1 6.0-30.0 - - - - - - - - 1,000-12,000
3 Truck/1 Axle Trailer 3 10.1-16.0 6.0-30.0 - - - - - - - - 1,000-15,000
4 Bus 3 21.09-40 3.0-7.0 - - - - - - - - 20,000 >
5 2D/1 Axle Trailer 3 8.0-21.09 6.3-30.0 - - - - - - - - 15,000-12,000
6 3 Axle Single Unit 3 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 - - - - - - - - 12,000 >
8 Semi 2-1 3 8.0-23.09 11.0-40.0 - - - - - - - - 20,000 >
2 Car/2 Axle Trailer 4 6.0-10.1 6.0-30.0 1.0-11.99 - - - - - - - 1,000-12,000
3 Truck/2 Axle Trailer 4 10.1-16.0 6.0-30.0 1.0-11.99 - - - - - - - 1,000-15,000
5 2D/2 Axle Trailer 4 8.0-23.09 6.3-30.0 1.0-11.99 - - - - - - - 15,000-20,000
7 4 Axle Single Unit 4 8.0-23.09 2.5-6.3 2.5-13.0 - - - - - - - 12,000 >
8 Semi 2-2 4 8.0-23.09 11.0-45.0 2.5-11.99 - - - - - - - 20,000 >
8 Semi 3-1 4 8.0-26.00 2.5-6.3 6.1-45.0 - - - - - - - 20,000 >
3 Truck/3 Axle Trailer 5 10.1-16.0 6.0-30.0 1.0-11.99 1.0-11.99 - - - - - - 1,000-15,000
7 5 Axle Single Unit 5 8.0-23.09 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - - - - - - 12,000 >
9 Semi 3-2 5 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 6.0-45.0 2.5-27.0 - - - - - - 20,000 >
9 Semi 2-3 5 8.0-23.09 11.0-45.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - - - - - - 20,000 >
11 Semi 2-1-2 5 8.0-26.0 11.0-26.0 6.0-20.0 11.0-26.0 - - - - - - 12,000 >
10 Semi 3-3 6 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 6.1-45.0 2.5-11.99 2.5-11.99 - - - - - 20,000 >
10 Semi 2-4 6 8.0-23.09 11.0-45.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - - - - - 20,000 >
10 Semi 4-2 6 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 6.1-46.0 2.5-11.99 - - - - - 20,000 >
12 Semi 3-1-2 6 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 11.0-26.0 6.0-24.0 11.0-26.0 - - - - - 12,000 >
10 Semi 3-4 7 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 10.0-20.0 6.0-12.0 6.0-12.0 6.0-12.0 - - - - 20,000 >
10 Semi 3-4 7 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 3.5-45.0 2.5-12.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - - - - 20,000 >
13 Semi 3-*-* 7 8.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 - - - - 20,000 >
10 Semi 3-5 8 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 3.5-45.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - - - 20,000 >
10 Semi 3-5 8 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 10.0-20.0 6.0-12.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - - - 20,000 >
13 Semi 3-*-* 8 8.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 - - - 20,000 >
10 Semi 3-6 9 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 3.5-45.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - - 20,000 >
10 Semi 3-6 9 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 10.0-20.0 6.0-12.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - - 20,000 >
10 Semi 4-5 9 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 6.3-15.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - - 20,000>
13 Semi 3-*-* 9 8.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 - - 20,000 >
10 Semi 3-7 10 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 3.5-45.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - 20,000 >
10 Semi 3-7 10 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 10.0-20.0 6.0-12.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - 20,000 >
10 Semi 4-6 10 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 6.3-15.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - 20,000>
10 Semi 5-5 10 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 6.3-15.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 - 20,000>
13 Semi 3-*-* 10 8.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 - 20,000 >
10 Semi 3-8 11 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 3.5-45.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 20,000 >
10 Semi 3-8 11 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 10.0-20.0 6.0-12.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 20,000 >
10 Semi 5-6 11 8.0-26.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 6.3-15.0 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 2.5-6.3 20,000>
13 Semi 3-*-* 11 8.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 3.0-45.0 20,000 >

*Any number may be inserted here as long as the sum of the numbers substituted for the two asterisks (which can be different from each other) plus the leading value equals the total number of axles shown in the third column.

- Indicates not applicable

Min = Minimum

Max = Maximum

Table 42. Minnesota Classification Rule Set Rule Table (2006)

nRuleNum

nAxleCount

nClass

1 to 2 Min

1 to 2 Max

2 to 3 Min

2 to 3 Max

3 to 4 Min

3 to 4 Max

4 to 5 Min

4 to 5 Max

5 to 6 Min

5 to 6 Max

6 to 7 Min

6 to 7 Max

7 to 8 Min

7 to 8 Max

8 to 9 Min

8 to 9 Max

9 to 10 Min

9 to 10 Max

10 to 11 Min

10 to 11 Max

11 to 12 Min

11 to 12 Max

1

2

1

12

90

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

2

2

91

121

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

2

3

121

163

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

4

2

5

163

288

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

2

4

288

481

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

6

3

6

121

266

24

72

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

3

1

12

90

12

96

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

3

2

91

121

36

241

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

9

3

5

163

288

72

245

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

10

3

3

121

163

72

265

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

11

3

8

108

289

264

481

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

12

3

4

288

481

36

481

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

13

4

7

72

266

12

72

12

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

14

4

2

12

121

72

241

12

241

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

16

4

3

121

163

72

301

12

241

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

17

4

8

132

164

12

72

12

481

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

18

4

8

132

164

241

481

40

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

19

4

4

121

289

12

72

97

241

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

20

4

4

156

266

72

361

12

241

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

21

4

4

288

481

24

481

12

481

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

22

5

3

72

163

72

301

12

36

12

36

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

23

5

4

72

266

12

72

72

133

36

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

24

5

7

72

234

12

72

36

72

36

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

25

5

7

121

266

12

72

12

97

97

241

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

26

5

9

72

234

72

481

36

97

36

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

27

5

9

72

301

36

72

133

541

36

181

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

28

5

11

72

234

181

301

72

241

181

301

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

29

6

4

72

266

12

72

12

301

96

301

12

241

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

30

6

4

121

266

24

61

97

219

24

61

24

61

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

31

6

7

72

266

12

72

12

97

12

97

12

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

32

6

10

72

301

36

73

218

481

36

181

36

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

33

6

12

96

481

12

97

96

541

12

97

97

481

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

34

7

7

72

234

12

72

12

97

12

97

12

97

12

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

35

7

10

72

301

36

73

96

541

36

181

36

97

36

97

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

36

7

13

96

481

12

97

96

481

12

97

96

481

97

481

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Note: The maximum (Max) and minimum (Min) ranges are all in units of inches.

Min = Minimum

Max = Maximum

 

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