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TECHBRIEF
This techbrief is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number:  FHWA-HRT-17-063    Date:  August 2017
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-17-063
Date: August 2017

 

Safety Evaluation of Multiple Strategies At Signalized Intersections

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FHWA Publication Number: HRTM-17-063
FHWA Contact: Roya Amjadi, HRDS-20, (202) 493-3383, roya.amjadi@dot.gov

 

This document is a technical summary of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) report Safety Evaluation of Multiple Strategies at Signalized Intersections (HRTM-17-062).

Objective

FHWA established the Development of Crash Modification Factors (DCMF) program in 2012 to address highway safety research needs for evaluating new and innovative safety strategies (improvements) by developing reliable quantitative estimates of their effectiveness in reducing crashes. The ultimate goal of the DCMF program is to save lives by identifying new safety strategies that effectively reduce crashes and promote those strategies for nationwide implementation by providing measures of their safety effectiveness and benefit-cost (B/C) ratios through research. State transportation departments and other transportation agencies need to have objective measures for safety effectiveness and B/C ratios before investing in broad applications of new strategies for safety improvements. Forty State transportation departments have provided technical feedback on safety improvements to the DCMF program and implemented new safety improvements to facilitate evaluations. These States are members of the Evaluation of Low-Cost Safety Improvements Pooled Fund Study, which functions under the DCMF program.

This study evaluated multiple low-cost treatments at signalized intersections. Improvements included basic signing, pavement marking, and signal enhancements. This strategy is intended to reduce the frequency and severity of crashes at signalized intersections by alerting drivers to the presence, type, and configuration of the approaching intersection.

Many studies have explored the safety effectiveness of some of the individual countermeasures. However, no study has conducted a rigorous evaluation of the effectiveness of installing packages of these strategies in combination across many intersections. This study sought to fill this knowledge gap.

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