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Transportation Futures

Future Uses of Highway Rights of Way

The Future Uses of Rights of Way study highlights emerging possibilities for the use of highway rights of way to provide more diverse options for transportation and to meet other societal-related needs. Uses that will be highlighted are deck parks, automated technology, solar and wind power, kinetic-energy recapture, transmission line placement, truck idling facilities and inter-modal uses.

Future Uses of Highway Rights of Way, HPTS Summary Report

The Next Generation of Travel: Research, Analysis and Scenario Development

The future of personal travel will be influenced by a combination of various events, including life cycle changes, demographic and socioeconomic factors, generational social norms, and the adaption of people to new technologies and travel options. The Transportation Futures team has conducted a formal study to examine the travel behavior of youth under the age of 30, which will be used when considering policy recommendations based on improved forecasts of demand, vehicle usage and the impacts of new transportation technologies on personal travel.

Geographic Variations in Travel Behavior Study and Resource Guide for Emerging Trend Analysis

Building upon research from the Next Generation of Travel Study, the FHWA will examine the role of geography in personal travel with a focus on younger populations (under the age of 30.) This project will explore and discuss current and emerging personal travel trends related to geography using existing data to identify and quantify how geography affects and influences travel-related outcomes. Questions that will be examined include the following: Have the residential location choices of young adults changed over time? How does geography influence different types of travelers? And does the residential location of young adults affect their travel behavior?

In addition to this study, a comprehensive resource guide will be developed that documents the content, timeliness, usability, relevance, and other pertinent information on public and private data sources that relate to emerging social, demographic, technological, geographic, and economic trends and their future impacts on travel demand and distribution. The guide will also include a discussion on the use of the NHTS and supplemental data sources in the analysis of travel behavior trends and what types of qualitative data might be used to supplement quantitative analyses.

Final Report and Resource Guide expected to be available in the spring of 2015.

Projecting Trends in Travel:  National and Regional Overview of Tools and Methods Used in Scenario Analysis and Forecasting

The purpose of this project is to explore the state of the practice in the use of forecasting tools and methods to project trends in personal travel, with an emphasis on how demographics, socioeconomics and other external factors are incorporated and/or used in the development of models and scenarios to predict travel-related outcomes and their effectiveness in capturing trends.

The first phase of the project will produce a scan report and discussion paper while the second phase will use that information to assist the FHWA in developing a tool and/or process for predicting and evaluating trends in personal travel behavior that can be used to support and evaluate initiatives related to national transportation policy.

Phase One Scan Report and Discussion Paper expected to be available in the spring of 2015.

Rural Futures: Identifying Transportation’s Role

The purpose of the work completed under this project is to understand the trends and forces that are likely to impact future needs of rural areas, residents and industry. A primary objective of the study is to develop a research road map which will provide a body of knowledge on key issues for future rural policy and program development. In addition to the development of a research road map, summary reports and white papers will be developed that will focus on emerging trends in rural areas and the impacts of anticipated growth on the transportation needs of rural communities.

Research Road map and White Papers expected to be available in the winter 2014-2015.

Developing Performance Measures for Rural Access Transportation

In times of increasing needs and constrained financial resources, strategies are needed that assist decision-makers in analyzing and prioritizing transportation programs and projects. This study proposes a set of performance measures which identify rural accessibility at the national level using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and socioeconomic data sets. The development of rural accessibility measures and the use of GIS visually provide a glimpse of how rural counties perform by selected measures.

Final report expected to be available in the spring 2014.

Global Positioning System (GPS) - Based Trip Characteristic Data and Analysis to Support Livability in Transportation

In an effort to better understand travel decisions made in relationship to the local transportation system network and built environment in livable communities, the FHWA Futures team is conducting a data collection (case study) of individual route and mode choice decisions using Global Positioning System (GPS) technology. The data is expected to provide the following:

  • A preliminary understanding of the potential impacts of livable communities on how, when, and why people travel in them.
  • A link between community characteristics (density, mixed use, transportation options) and travel characteristics (route, mode, travel time and speed, frequency of travel, trip purpose).
  • A baseline understanding of what types of trips and modes are most impacted by a livable community design to support the development of accurate performance measures.

This collection effort will occur in four communities in two metropolitan areas, including Central Carrboro and Southern Village in Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina and Harper’s Choice-Colombia Villages and Mt. Vernon in Baltimore, Maryland. The travel of 300 participants will be tracked over a 5-day period using GPS technology through a phone application. Other data sources will be used to provide information about the area’s transportation system and environmental conditions on the survey day.

Data collection will occur in the spring of 2014.

Travel Behavior Scan/Data Availability and Gaps Scan

The objective of this project is to provide a detailed assessment of the research on travel behavior. This study will create the foundation for FHWA’s future work and support the capability to understand emerging trends that will impact the level and distribution of passenger travel.

This study will include an integrated review of the literature on travel behavior with a special emphasis on socio-demographic factors and emerging trends in niche travel markets. The ultimate objective is to provide options to FHWA on the latest knowledge and methods in order to better understand and forecast the impact of population, socio-economic, geographic and societal trends on future regional and national travel demand. This will assist FHWA in obtaining a higher level understanding of the current and emerging factors that influence travel behavior so that the future distribution and level of demand can be more accurately forecasted.

The project will also identify data gaps and data options from non-traditional sources. A review of data gaps and new methodologies will be conducted in order to fully assess the cost and benefits of various data options, including new data collection, data purchase and updated design and methods for the NHTS.

Final scan expected to be available in the winter 2015-2016.

Transportation Futures Forums

FHWA’s Office of Policy Studies Futures Team conducts research on emerging highway topics. The objective of this project is to host three policy forums to engage subject matter experts in discussion and knowledge-sharing on current transportation topics, potential concerns, ideas and solutions.  Participants will include industry experts from federal, state and local entities as well as from academia.  The forums are expected to be held April through October of 2015, and forum discussion will be recorded.

Colloquiums

Teams within the Office of Transportation Policy Studies may perform vastly different work from each other on different subject areas.  Colloquiums serve as a way to share information about each other’s work and our work within the greater FHWA and transportation research community. Colloquiums generally involve a one-hour presentation made by an office employee or invited guest who presents his/her work and engages coworkers in an interactive discussion of a subject area.

Futures Team Primary Contacts


Heather Rose,
Team Lead

(202) 366-5060

Futures Team Research Planning

Travel Behavior Scan/Data Availability and Gaps Scan

Rural Futures Program

Melanie Becker,
Program Analyst

(202) 366-6904

Transportation Futures Forums
Research Briefs
Colloquiums

Erica Interrante,
Transportation Specialist-Planning

(202) 366-5048

Next Generation of Travel: Research, Analysis and Scenario Development

Geographic Variations in Travel Behavior Study and Resource Guide for Emerging Trend Analysis

Global Positioning System (GPS) -Based Trip Characteristic Data and Analysis to Support Livability in Transportation

Future Uses of Highway Rights of Way

Marc Paladini,
Statistician

(202) 366-1203

Projecting Trends in Travel:  National and Regional Overview of Tools and Methods Used in Scenario Analysis and Forecasting

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