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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-13-066
Date: August 2013

 

Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Performance Testing - Axial Load Deformation Relationships

APPENDIX A. SOIL TESTING DATA

SIEVE ANALYSIS DATA

Table 27. AASHTO No. 8 sieve analysis (DC tests).

Sieve No.

Sieve Size
(inch)

Mass of Soil +
Pan (g)

Mass of Pan
(kg)

Mass of soil
(kg)

Percent
Retained

Percent
Passing

0.75

0.75

0

1,393.3

0

0.00

100.00

0.50

0.5

0

1,087.9

0

0.00

100.00

0.375

0.375

1,314.4

1,102.7

211.7

3.01

96.99

4

0.187

6,469.6

1,515

4,954.6

70.49

26.50

8

0.0937

2,666.2

1,129

1,537.2

21.87

4.63

16

0.0469

1,105.3

910.2

195.1

2.78

1.85

50

0.0117

807.6

741.5

66.1

0.94

0.91

100

0.0059

820.1

809.4

10.7

0.15

0.76

200

0.0029

924.1

916.4

7.7

0.11

0.65

Pan

-

715.4

669.8

45.6

0.65

0.00

Table 28. AASHTO No. 8 pea gravel sieve analysis (DC tests).

Sieve
No.

Sieve Size
(inch)

Mass of Soil +
Pan (kg)

Mass of Pan
(kg)

Mass of
soil (kg)

Percent
Retained

Percent
Passing

0.75

0.75

0

0

0

0.00

100.00

0.50

0.5

1.115

1.085

0.03

0.43

99.57

0.375

0.375

1.38

1.1

0.28

3.99

95.58

4

0.187

6.7

1.015

5.685

80.98

14.60

8

0.0937

1.665

1.13

0.535

7.62

6.98

16

0.0469

1.095

0.91

0.185

2.64

4.34

50

0.0117

0.86

0.74

0.12

1.71

2.64

Pan

-

0.785

0.6

0.185

2.64

0.00

 

Table 29. AASHTO No. 57 Sieve analysis (DC tests).

Sieve
No.

Sieve Size
(inch)

Mass of Soil +
Pan (kg)

Mass of Pan
(kg)

Mass of
soil (kg)

Percent
Retained

Percent
Passing

1.5

1.5

1,476.1

1,476.1

0

0.00

100.00

1

1

1,127.1

1,127.1

0

0.00

100.00

0.75

0.75

2,311

1,393.4

917.6

12.09

87.91

0.50

0.5

5,052.1

1,087.8

3,964.3

52.22

35.69

0.375

0.375

2,739.5

1,102.7

1,636.8

21.56

14.13

4

0.187

2,308.8

1,514.8

794

10.46

3.67

8

0.0937

1,224.5

1,128.9

95.6

1.26

2.41

16

0.0469

981.1

909.8

71.3

0.94

1.47

200

0.0029

974.5

916.7

57.8

0.76

0.71

Pan

-

723.3

669.7

53.6

0.71

0.00

Table 30. AASHTO No. 9 Sieve analysis (DC tests).

Sieve
No.

Sieve Size
(inch)

Mass of Soil +
Pan (kg)

Mass of Pan
(kg)

Mass of
soil (kg)

Percent
Retained

Percent
Passing

0.75

0.75

0

1,393.21

0

0.00

100.00

0.50

0.5

0

1,087.95

0

0.00

100.00

0.375

0.375

0

1,102.79

0

0.00

100.00

4

0.187

1,785.33

1,514.98

270.35

5.78

94.22

8

0.0937

4,236.2

1,129.04

3,107.16

66.47

27.75

16

0.0469

1,791.1

909.95

881.15

18.85

8.90

50

0.0117

986.6

741.69

244.91

5.24

3.66

100

0.0059

830

809.4

20.6

0.44

3.22

200

0.0029

934.9

916.46

18.44

0.39

2.82

Pan

-

732.6

600.56

132.04

2.82

0.00

Table 31. AASHTO No. 8 Sieve analysis (TFHRC tests).

Sieve
No.

Sieve Size
(inch)

Mass of Soil +
Pan (kg)

Mass of Pan
(kg)

Mass of
soil (kg)

Percent
Retained

Percent
Passing

1

1

1,127.1

1,127.1

0

0.00

100.00

0.50

0.5

1,116.5

1,087.7

28.8

0.31

99.69

0.375

0.375

3,832

1,102.6

2,729.4

29.83

69.86

4

0.187

6,694.3

1,013.8

5,680.5

62.08

7.78

8

0.0937

1,688.5

1,128.7

559.8

6.12

1.66

10

0.079

1,398.7

1,374

24.7

0.27

1.39

16

0.0469

935

909.7

25.3

0.28

1.11

40

0.0165

810

793.1

16.9

0.18

0.93

50

0.0117

746.2

741.8

4.4

0.05

0.88

Pan

-

750.4

669.8

80.6

0.88

0.00

Table 32. AASHTO A-1-a (VDOT 21A) sieve analysis (TFHRC tests).

Sieve
No.

Sieve Size
(inch)

Mass of Soil +
Pan (kg)

Mass of Pan
(kg)

Mass of
soil (kg)

Percent
Retained

Percent
Passing

1

1

1,127.1

1,127.1

0

0.00

100.00

0.50

0.5

1,919.2

1,087.6

831.6

17.59

82.41

0.375

0.375

1,624.9

1,102.7

522.2

11.05

71.36

4

0.187

2,093.7

1,013.8

1,079.9

22.84

48.52

8

0.0937

1,757.5

1,129.6

627.9

13.28

35.24

10

0.079

1,489.5

1,374.7

114.8

2.43

32.81

16

0.0469

1,260.5

910.1

350.4

7.41

25.40

40

0.0117

1,206.5

793.1

413.4

8.74

16.66

200

0.0029

1,397.8

916.5

481.3

10.18

6.47

Pan

-

975.7

669.6

306.1

6.47

0.00

LSDS TESTING DATA

Table 33. Summary of AASHTO No. 8 LSDS results (DC tests).

Soil
Type

Normal
Stress (psi)

Max Shear
(psi)

Peak Friction
Angle (°)

Peak Dilation
Angle (°)

Gap
(inch)

8

5.051

9.5114

62.03

12.96

0.343

8

10.03

19.0619

62.25

11.65

0.343

8

20.03

30.533

56.73

6.35

0.343

8

30.02

45.6537

56.67

5.63

0.343

 

Figure 95. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 LSDS test results (DC tests). Line chart of shear stress versus horizontal displacement for at five, ten, twenty, and thirty pounds per square inch. As normal stress increases, the shear stress increases for the same horizontal displacement. A peak value is shown for each test which then decreases with increased horizontal displacement.
Figure 95. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 LSDS test results (DC tests).

Figure 96. AASHTO No. 8 LSDS deformation test results (DC tests). Line chart of vertical displacement versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. Initial compression and then dilation is shown with dilation angle decreasing with increasing applied normal stress.
Figure 96. AASHTO No. 8 LSDS deformation test results (DC tests).

Table 34. Summary of AASHTO No. 8 pea gravel LSDS results (DC tests).

Soil
Type

Normal
Stress (psi)

Max Shear
(psi)

Peak Friction
Angle (°)

Peak Dilation
Angle (°)

Gap
(inch)

8P

5.022

7.5449

56.35

13.19

0.35

8P

10.05

15.00489

56.19

11.79

0.35

8P

20.01

21.238

46.71

5.96

0.35

8P

30.01

35.1467

49.51

6.04

0.35

Figure 97. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 pea gravel LSDS test results (DC tests). Line chart of shear stress versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. As normal stress increases, the shear stress increases for the same horizontal displacement. A peak value is shown for each test which then decreases with increased horizontal displacement.
Figure 97. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 pea gravel LSDS test results (DC tests).

Figure 97. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 pea gravel LSDS test results (DC tests). Line chart of shear stress versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. As normal stress increases, the shear stress increases for the same horizontal displacement. A peak value is shown for each test which then decreases with increased horizontal displacement.
Figure 98. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 pea gravel LSDS deformation test results (DC tests).

Table 35. Summary of AASHTO No. 57 LSDS results (DC tests).

Soil
Type

Normal
Stress (psi)

Max Shear
(psi)

Peak Friction
Angle (°)

Peak Dilation
Angle (°)

Gap
(inch)

57

5.013

17.547

74.06

15.36

0.74

57

10.01

21.187

64.71

13.15

0.74

57

20.04

40.212

63.51

9.93

0.74

57

30.01

47.189

57.55

6.28

0.74

 

Figure 99. Graph. AASHTO No. 57 LSDS test results (DC tests). Line chart of shear stress versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. As normal stress increases, the shear stress increases for the same horizontal displacement. A peak value is shown for tests at 5 and 10 psf, but for 20 and 30 psf, the peak asymptotes with increased horizontal displacement.
Figure 99. Graph. AASHTO No. 57 LSDS test results (DC tests).

Figure 100. Graph. AASHTO No. 57 LSDS deformation test results (DC tests). Line chart of vertical displacement versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. Initial compression and then dilation is shown with dilation angle decreasing with increasing applied normal stress.
Figure 100. Graph. AASHTO No. 57 LSDS deformation test results (DC tests).

Table 36. Summary of AASHTO No. 9 LSDS results (DC tests).

Soil
Type

Normal
Stress (psi)

Max Shear
(psi)

Peak Friction
Angle (°)

Peak Dilation
Angle (°)

Gap
(inch)

9

5.053

9.7334

62.56

13.64

0.175

9

10.04

17.698

60.43

10.38

0.175

9

20.01

31.97

57.96

5.82

0.175

9

30.02

42.8381

54.98

4.73

0.175

 

Figure 101. Graph. AASHTO No. 9 LSDS test results (DC tests). Line chart of shear stress versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. As normal stress increases, the shear stress increases for the same horizontal displacement. A peak value is shown for each test which then decreases with increased horizontal displacement.
Figure 101. Graph. AASHTO No. 9 LSDS test results (DC tests).

Figure 102. Graph. AASHTO No. 9 LSDS deformation test results (DC tests). Line chart of vertical displacement versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. Initial compression and then dilation is shown with dilation angle decreasing with increasing applied normal stress.
Figure 102. Graph. AASHTO No. 9 Deformation test results (DS tests).

Table 37. Summary of AASHTO No. 8 LSDS results (TFHRC tests).

Soil
Type

Normal
Stress (psi)

Max Shear
(psi)

Peak Friction
Angle (°)

Peak Dilation
Angle (°)

Gap
(inch)

8

5.04

15.220948

71.68

15.66

0.443

8

10.06

26.73174

69.38

11.01

0.443

8

20.03

39.8865

63.34

8.07

0.443

8

30.02

52.54942

60.26

5.10

0.443

Figure 103. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 LSDS test results (TFHRC tests). Line chart of shear stress versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. As normal stress increases, the shear stress increases for the same horizontal displacement. A peak value is shown for each test which then decreases with increased horizontal displacement.
Figure 103. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 LSDS test results (TFHRC tests).

Figure 104. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 LSDS deformation test results (DC tests). Line chart of vertical displacement versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. Initial compression and then dilation is shown with dilation angle decreasing with increasing applied normal stress.
Figure 104. Graph. AASHTO No. 8 LSDS deformation test results (DC tests).

Table 38. Summary of AASHTO A-1-a (VDOT 21A) LSDS results (TFHRC tests).

Soil
Type
Test
Condition
Normal
Stress
(psi)

Max
Shear
(psi)
Peak
Friction
Angle(°)
Peak
Dilation
Angle (°)
Gap (inch)

21A

Dry

5.046

17.305

73.74

26.08

0.58

21A

Dry

10.05

23.6762

67.00

20.48

0.58

21A

Dry

20.02

40.35021

63.61

12.58

0.58

21A

Dry

30.03

50.135

59.08

11.05

0.58

21A

Saturated

4.99

5.46532

47.60

0.00

0.58

21A

Saturated

9.991

14.2569

54.98

0.05

0.58

21A

Saturated

19.98

25.034

51.41

0.00

0.58

21A

Saturated

29.99

36.2423

50.39

0.00

0.58

 

Figure 105. Graph. AASHTO A-1-a (VDOT 21A) LSDS test results (TFHRC tests). Line chart of shear stress versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. As normal stress increases, the shear stress increases for the same horizontal displacement. A peak value is shown for each test, which then decreases with increased horizontal displacement.
Figure 105. Graph. AASHTO A-1-a (VDOT 21A) LSDS test results (TFHRC tests).

Figure 106. Graph. AASHTO A-1-a (VDOT 21A) LSDS deformation test results (DC tests). Line chart of vertical displacement versus horizontal displacement for at 5, 10, 20, and 30 psf. Initial compression and then dilation is shown with dilation angle decreasing with increasing applied normal stress.
Figure 106. Graph. AASHTO A-1-a (VDOT 21A) LSDS deformation test results (DC tests).

 

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