U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

Skip to content U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway AdministrationU.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration



Publication Details

Assessment of LTPP Friction Data Research/Reference: useful for researchers doing further work in the pavement area as well as those developing improved testing and design procedures. Includes documents of historical value.

Primary Topic: Surface and Other Considerations

Description: A major goal of the Long-Term Pavement Performance (LTPP) study is the development of recommendations for improving the design and construction of new and rehabilitated pavements to make them longer lasting. As part of the condition monitoring of the LTPP test sections, friction data are being collected on a regular basis at each test site. Friction data collection is the responsibility of the specific highway agency under whose jurisdiction the pavements are located.

The LTPP data collection guidelines for friction data recommend using the ASTM E-274 (AASHTO T242) procedure as the preferred method for obtaining data. The ASTM E-274 procedure uses a locked-wheel skid tester in a trailer assembly. Friction test results are reported as Skid Numbers (SN's).

This report provides an assessment of the availability, characteristics, and quality of the friction data collected as part of the LTPP study. Also, the availability of related pavement characteristics data was assessed. The report also contains recommendations for adjustments and refinements to current procedures for the collection of friction and related data.

The LTPP database provides a one-stop source of reasonably good friction data collected in a systemic manner from a wide range of pavements subjected to a wide range of traffic loading and environmental conditions. The friction data will be of use for analyzing why some pavement surfaces retain good friction characteristics with time and why some surfaces show rapid deterioration in friction over time.

FHWA Publication Number: FHWA-RD-99-037

Publication Year: 1999

View Pavement Publications

Updated: 04/11/2022
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000