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Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

 
REPORT
This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number:  FHWA-HRT-17-107    Date:  March 2018
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-17-107
Date: March 2018

 

Identification of High Pedestrian Crash Locations

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FOREWORD

The overall goal of the Federal Highway Administration’s Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Program is to improve safety and mobility for pedestrians and bicyclists. The program strives to make it safer and easier for pedestrians, bicyclists, and drivers to share roadways through the development of safer crosswalks, sidewalks, and pedestrian technologies as well as through the expansion of educational and safety programs.

This report documents the research into identifying a process to identify high pedestrian crash locations. The Guidebook on Identification of High Pedestrian Crash Locations, prepared based on research documented in this report, was developed to present a five-step process to assist State and local agencies in identifying high pedestrian crash locations, such as intersections (points), segments, facilities, and areas.(1)

This report should be of interest to engineers, planners, and other community authorities who share an interest in safeguarding the lives of roadway users, especially pedestrians.

Monique R. Evans, P.E., CPM
Director, Office of Safety
Research and Development

Notice

This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document.

The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers' names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.

Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.

 

Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.

FHWA-HRT-17-107

2. Government Accession No.

 

3 Recipient's Catalog No.

 

4. Title and Subtitle

Identification of High Pedestrian Crash Locations

5. Report Date

March 2018

6. Performing Organization Code

 

7. Author(s)

Kay Fitzpatrick, Raul Avelar, and Shawn Turner

8. Performing Organization Report No.

 

9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Texas Transportation Institute
The Texas A&M University System
College Station, TX 77843-3135

10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)

 

11. Contract or Grant No.

DTFH61-13-D-00024, Task Order #9

12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

Office of Safety Research and Development
Federal Highway Administration
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101-2296

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Technical Report; November 2015-November 2017

14. Sponsoring Agency Code

HRDS-30

15. Supplementary Notes

The Contracting Officer’s Representative was Ann Do (HRDS-30).

16. Abstract

An initial step in reducing the frequency of pedestrian crashes is identifying where they occur or where there is a concern they are likely to occur. As part of a Federal Highway Administration project, the Guidebook on Identification of High Pedestrian Crash Locations was developed to present a process to assist State and local agencies in identifying high pedestrian crash locations such as intersections (points), segments, facilities, and areas.(1) This document summarizes the research efforts to develop the five-step process. Several cities and States were contacted to establish the criteria used to identify and rank high pedestrian crash locations. In all cases, crash data are being used. In some cases, other variables are considered, especially when developing the list of sites for treatments. For example, Los Angeles uses a score that considers the age of the pedestrian and a health and equity index in addition to the number of injury crashes and the number of fatal crashes. Several of the cities create unique lists for intersections, facilities, and areas, recognizing that treatment selection would be different for these element types. The methods used to identify and evaluate sites with a high crash frequency have evolved in recent decades. The availability of geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) for crashes has resulted in the ubiquitous use of geographic information system platforms for displaying the locations and density of crashes on maps.

17. Key Words

Pedestrian, crashes, safety process, high crash locations

18. Distribution Statement

No restrictions. This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.
http://www.ntis.gov

19. Security Classification
(of this report)

Unclassified

20. Security Classification
(of this page)

Unclassified

21. No. of Pages

68

22. Price

N/A

Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized

 

 

 

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