Understanding Driver Performance Variability and Perception of Risk:
Driver Hazard Perception Research Plan
This report identifies a proposed comprehensive research program for defining, measuring, and quantifying driver perception of hazards as it relates to highway design, operations, and safety standards. Six research projects were proposed: (1) multivariate analysis of a specific traffic situation, (2) traffic operational factors, (3) driver awareness of hazards/hazardous operating conditions, (4) unintended consequences of highway improvements, (5) social context, and (6) engineering or roadway changes to increase driver hazard perception.
These projects will provide input to human factors safety handbooks and will result in guidelines, tools, and models by which highway design can be developed
Copies of this report can be obtained through the National Technical Information Set–vice (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161, telephone: (703) 487–4650, fax (703) 32l–8547. A.
George Ostensen, Director Office of Safety and Traffic Operations Research and Development
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TECHNICAL REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE
|1. Report No.
|2. Government Accession No.
||3. Recipient's Catalog No.
|4. Title and Subtitle
UNDERSTANDING DRIVER PERFORMANCE VARIABILITY AND PERCEPTION OF RISK: DRIVER HAZARD PERCEPTION RESEARCH PLAN
|5. Report Date
March 6, 1998
||6. Performing Organization Code
Lerner, Neil; Benel, Denise; and Dekker, Debra
|8. Performing Organization Report No.
|9. Performing Organization Name and Address
8737 Colesville Road, Suite 1100
Silver Spring, Maryland 20910
|10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
||11. Contract or Grant No.
|12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of Safety and Traffic Operations R&D
Federal Highway Administration
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101–2296
|13. Type of Report and Period Covered
October 1992 – May– 1995
||14. Sponsoring Agency Code
|15. Supplementary Notes
Contracting Officer's Technical Representative (COTR) – M Joseph Moyer. HSR–30
The objectives of this research project were to develop a comprehensive and clearly defined research program to define, measure. and quantify driver
perception of hazards as it relates to highway design, operations. and safety, standards This was accomplished through a systematic research and
development effort that defined six research projects. The Driver Hazard Perception Research Program broadly addresses how drivers perceive, interpret,
and react to potential hazards on the road, and how this influences risk related vehicle control decisions about time, speed, and space.
The results will provide input to human factors safety handbooks, such as the Human Factors Highway Safety Handbook for use by highway designers,
and human performance driving models, such as the Driver Performance–Based Highway Design Module (DPB/HDM) that incorporates human factors data
and driver behavior models. The sequence of projects provides: ( 1) a broad, empirical based understanding of the role of driver roadway
hazard perception leading to driver action; (2) understanding of the safety consequences of these perceptions and actions: (3) Identification
of causal factors influencing driver hazard perception; and (4) proposed countermeasures to improve driver hazard perception for benefits in
safety and traffic operations.
|17. Key Words
Hazard perception, driver performance variability, safety, research program, human factors.
|18. Distribution Statement
No restrictions. This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, 22161.
|19. Security Classif. (of this report)
|20. Security Classif. (of this page)
|21. No. of Pages
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8–72) Reproduction of completed page authorized