Guidelines for the Use of Raised Pavement Markers
This report was produced as part of a contract entitled "Driving Simulation Studies of Raised Pavement Marker (RPM) Systems" in which novel RPM systems were designed and evaluated using driving simulators. This guideline document is based on an extensive survey of the literature and provides 100 guidelines for the use of RPMs. These guidelines are presented in greater detail than the guidelines for RPM use contained in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD, 1988) and in the Roadway Delineation Handbook, produced by the Federal Highway Administration in 1994. These guidelines are intended to be used by field traffic engineers, though future research ideas are included for the use of transportation researchers.
For additional information about this document, please contact Joe Moyer (FHWA) at firstname.lastname@example.org or Kat Woerheide (SAIC) at email@example.com.
A. George Ostensen, Director
Office of Safety and Traffic
Operations Research and Development
This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.
The United States Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade and manufacturers' names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the object of the document.
TECHNICAL REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE
|1. Report No.
|2. Government Accession No.
||3. Recipient's Catalog No.
|4. Title and Subtitle
GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF RAISED PAVEMENT MARKERS
|5. Report Date
|6. Performing Organization Code
Grant, A.R. and Bloomfield, J.R.
|8. Performing Organization Report No.
|9. Performing Organization Name and Address
The University of Iowa
Center for Computer Aided Design
208 Engineering Research Facility
Iowa City, Iowa 52242
|10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
|11. Contract or Grant No.
|12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of Safety and Traffic Operations R&D
Federal Highway Administration
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, Virginia 22101–2296
|13. Type of Report and Period Covered
March 1994 – January 1998
|14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
Contracting Officer's Technical Representative (COTR): Joseph Moyer, HSR-30; Ester Wagner, SAIC
The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD, 1988) provides a general outline for how Raised Pavement Markers (RPMs) should be used, but more
specific information is required in order to produce a set of guidelines that are usable by a field traffic engineer. The Roadway Delineation Practices
Handbook, produced by the Federal Highway Administration in 1994, gives more detailed instruction for some areas of RPM use (e.g., spacing and placement)
but it is incomplete and is not presented in a clear, unambiguous manner. The following document is based on an extensive survey of the literature.
Guidelines are presented for the use of RPMs on U.S. highways, with the core recommendations being extracted from the Roadway Delineation Practices
Handbook (1994) and the MUTCD (1988). The guidelines also include a number of additional recommendations based on the work of other researchers. Several
future research issues are also suggested.
|17. Key Words
Human performance, raised pavement markers, human factors.
|18. Distribution Statement
No restrictions. This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.
|19. Security Classification (of this report)
|20. Security Classification (of this page)
|21. No. of Pages
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES
- An example of the path taken by a vehicle when the corner–cutting strategy is used for maneuvering through (a) a right
curve and (b) a left curve, on a two–lane, two–way road.
LIST OF TABLES
Example of a first–level look–up table to determine when delineation by RPMs is required for tangent road sections.
Example of a second–level look–up table to determine how to delineate using RPMs for a multilane tangent section of
rural highway (two–way).
Example of a first–level look–up table to determine when delineation by RPMs is required for a tangent road section,
using practices of Illinois.
Example of a second–level look–up table to determine how to delineate using RPMs for a two–way, multilane
tangent section of rural highway, using practices of Illinois.