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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-11-026
Date: January 2011

Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Integrated Bridge System Interim Implementation Guide

REFERENCES

  1. Adams, M.T., Nicks, J.E., Stabile, T., Wu, J.T.H., Schlatter, W., and Hartmann, J. (2010). Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Integrated Bridge System–Synthesis Report, Report No. FHWA–HRT–11–027, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA.

  2. Geo–Institute, Committee on Shallow Foundations. (1999). Shallow Foundations on Reinforced Soil, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.

  3. Adams, M.T. (2008). "The Bridge of Defiance County." Geosynthetics, 26(2), pp. 14–16, 18, 20–21, Industrial Fabrics Association International.

  4. Wu, J.T.H. (1994). Design and Construction of Low Cost Retaining Walls: The Next Generation in Technology, Report No. CTI–UCD–1–94, Colorado Transportation Institute, Denver, CO.

  5. Lagasse, P.F., Clopper, P.E., Pag├ín–Ortiz, J.E., Zevenbergen, L.W., Arneson, L.A., Schall, J.D. and Girard, L.G. (2009). Bridge Scour and Stream Instability Countermeasures, Volumes 1 and 2, Third Edition. Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 23, FHWA–NHI–HEC–23, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

  6. AASHTO (2003). Standard Practice for Conducting Geotechnical Subsurface Investigations. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC.

  7. Samtani, N.C. and Nowatzki, E.A. (2006). Soils and Foundations Reference Manual. Report No. FHWA–NHI–06–088, National Highway Institute, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

  8. Naval Facilities Engineering Command. (1982). Soil Mechanics Design Manual 7.1, Washington, DC.

  9. AASHTO (2010). LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, Fifth Edition, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC.

  10. Berg, R., Christopher, B., and Samtani, N. (2009). Design of Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls and Reinforced Soil Slopes–Volume 1, Report No. FHWA–NHI–10–024, National Highway Institute, Federal Highway Administration, Arlington, VA.

  11. Wu, J.T.H., Pham, T.Q., and Adams, M.T. (2011). Composite Behavior of Geosynthetic–Reinforced Soil (GRS) Mass, Draft, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA.

  12. Adams, M.T., Lillis, C.P., Wu, J.T.H., and Ketchart, K. (2002). "Vegas Mini Pier Experiment and Postulate of Zero Volume Change." Proceedings, Seventh International Conference on Geosynthetics, pp. 389–394, Nice, France.

  13. Wu, J.T.H., Lee, K.Z.Z., Helwany, S.B., and Ketchart, K. (2006). Design and Construction Guidelines for GRS Bridge Abutment with a Flexible Facing, Report No. 556, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Washington, DC.

  14. Richardson, E.V. and Davis, S.R. (2001). Evaluating Scour at Bridges, Fourth Edition, Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 18, FHWA–NHI–01–001–HEC–18, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

  15. Lagasse, P.F., Schall, J.D., and Richardson, E.V. (2001). Stream Stability at Highway Structures, Third Edition, Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 20, FHWA–NHI–01–002–HEC–20, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

  16. Sandri, D. (1997) "A Summary of Reinforced Soil Structure Performance in the Greater Los Angeles Area After the Northridge Earthquake." Mechanically Stabilized Backfill, pp. 433–442, J. Wu, ed., Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

  17. Tatsuoka, F., Koseki, J., Tateyama, M., Munaf, Y., and Horii, K. (1998) "Seismic Stability Against High Seismic Loads of Geosynthetic–Reinforced Soil Retaining Structures." Keynote Lecture, Proceedings, 6th International Conference on Geosynthetics, pp. 103–142, Atlanta, GA.

  18. Ling, H.I., Leshchinsky, D., and Chou, N.N.S. (2001) "Post–Earthquake Investigation on Several Geosynthetic–Reinforced Soil Retaining Walls and Slopes during 1999 Ji–Ji Earthquake of Taiwan." Soil Dynamics Earthquake Engineering 21(4), pp. 297–313.

  19. Ling, H.I. (2003) "Chapter 25. A Critical Review of Full–Scale Shaking Table Tests Conducted on Reinforced Soil Retaining Walls." Reinforced Soil Engineering: Advances in Research and Practice, pp. 491–510, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY.

  20. National Cooperative Highway Research Project 12–59(01). Seismic Design of Geosynthetic–Reinforced Soil (GRS) Bridge Abutments with Flexible Facing. Research in progress. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.

  21. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (2010). "Sloping and Benching." Safety and Health Regulations for Construction: Excavations., 29 CFR 1926, Subpart P App B, United States Department of Labor, Washington, DC. Accessed online: December 29, 2010 . (http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=10932).

  22. Wu, J.T.H., Lee, K.Z.Z., and Pham, T. (2006). "Allowable Bearing Pressure of Bridge Sills on GRS Abutments with Flexible Facing." Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 132(7), pp. 836–841, American Society of Civil Engineers.

  23. Chan, C., Hover, K.C., Folliard, K.J., Hance, R.M. and Trejo, D. (2007). Durability of Segmental Retaining Wall Blocks: Final Report, Report No. FHWA–HRT–07–021, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA.

  24. Juran, I., Guermazi, A., Chen, C.L. and Ider, M.H. (2005). "Modelling and Simulation of Load Transfer in Reinforced Poils: Part 1." International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics 12(2), pp. 141–155, John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ.

  25. Ketchart, K. and Wu, J.T.H. (2001). Performance Test for Geosynthetic–Reinforced Soil Including Effects of Preloading, Report No. FHWA–RD–01–018, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA.

  26. Elton, D.J. and Patawaran, M.A.B. (2005). Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) Reinforcement Tensile Strength from Tests of Geotextile Reinforced Soil, Alabama Highway Research Center, Auburn University, Auburn, AL.

  27. Adams, M.T., Schlatter, W., and Stabile, T. (2007). "Geosynthetic–Reinforced Soil Integrated Abutments at the Bowman Road Bridge in Defiance County, Ohio." Proceedings, Geo–Denver 2007, American Society of Civil Engineers, Denver, CO.

  28. Adams, M.T., Schlatter, W., and Stabile, T. (2007). "Geosynthetic–Reinforced Soil Integrated System." Proceedings, EuroGeo4, Paper No. 271, France.

 

 

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