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Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
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Publication Number:  FHWA-HRT-12-033    Date:  December 2012
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-12-033
Date: December 2012


The Exploratory Advanced Research Program

Recent International Activity in Cooperative Vehicle–Highway Automation Systems


  1. Tsugawa, S., Yatabe, T., Hirose, T., & Matsumoto, S. (1979). An automobile with artificial intelligence. Proceedings of Sixth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (Vol. 2, pp. 893–895). Tokyo, Japan.

  2. Ishii, T., et.al. (1974). The control system of CVS using the two-target tracking scheme. Personal Rapid Transit II (pp. 325–334). Department of Audio Visual Extension, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

  3. Hesse, R. (1972). Cabinentaxi—A Personal Public Transportation System. Transportation, 1(3), 321–329.

  4. Karlsson, T. (1988). PROMETHEUS: The European research program. Presentation at the 67th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington DC.

  5. Ulmer, B. (1994). Autonomous automated driving in real traffic. Proceedings of the First World Congress on Applications of Transport Telematics and Intelligent Vehicle–Highway Systems (pp. 2118–2125). Paris, France.

  6. Dickmanns, E. D. (2002). Vision for ground vehicles: History and prospects. International Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems, 1(1), 1–44.

  7. Shladover, S. E. (1990). Roadway automation technology—Research needs. Transportation Research Record (No. 1283), 158–167.

  8. Bel Geddes, N. (1940). Magic motorways. New York, NY: Random House.

  9. Zworykin V. K., & Flory, L. E. (1958). Electronic control of motor vehicles on the highways. Highway Research Board Proceedings, 37.

  10. Fenton, R. E., & Mayhan, R. J. (1991, February). Automated Highway Studies at The Ohio State University—An overview. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 40(1), 100–113.

  11. MacKinnon, D. (1974). Technology development for advanced personal rapid transit. Personal Rapid Transit II (pp. 57–64), University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

  12. Saxton, L. (1993, Spring). Mobility 2000 and the roots of IVHS. IVHS Review (pp. 11–26). IVHS America: Washington, DC.

  13. Shladover, S. E., Bushey, R., & Parsons, R. E. (1993, Spring). California and the roots of IVHS. IVHS Review (pp. 27–34). IVHS America: Washington, DC.

  14. Volvo Car Corporation, Public Affairs. Volvo Corporation—Global Newsroom homepage. Retrieved November 9, 2012 from https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/enhanced/en-gb/Search/Results.aspx?searchFormType=2&mediaTypeIds=1&filterArchived=0.

  15. Continental Automotive GmbH. HAVEit brochures and handouts.

  16. Shladover, S. E. (2012). Personal photograph by author.

  17. Vis, H., & Bouwman, R. (2008). The Phileas—Integral safety approach for an electronically guided vehicle. 2008 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (pp. 416–421).  Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

  18. Ultra Global. Retrieved November 12, 2012 from http://www.ultraglobalprt.com/photos-videos/photos/.

  19. van Schijndel-de Nooiji. T., Krosse, B., van den Broek, T., Maas, S., et al. (2011, October). Definition of necessary vehicle and infrastructure systems for Automated Driving.  Presentation at the European Commission Workshop on Automation in Road Transport, Brussels, Belgium.

  20. European Commission.  (2011, June 29). Definition of necessary vehicle and infrastructure systems for Automated Driving: SMART 2010/0064 study report. (Version 1.2). Brussels, Belgium. Retrieved October 9, 2012, from http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/esafety/doc/studies/automated/reportfinal.pdf.

  21. Netten, B. D., van den Broek, T. H. A., Passchier, I., & Lieverse, P. (2011, June). Low-penetration shock wave damping with cooperative driving systems. Paper presented at the ITS Europe Congress, Lyon, France.

  22. Ploeg, J., Scheepers, B. T. M., van Nunen, E., van de Wouw, N., & Nijmeijer, H. (2011, October). Design and experimental evaluation of cooperative adaptive cruise control. Paper presented at 14th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Washington, DC.

  23. Dutch Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO). GCDC description of urban and highway scenarios.

  24. Google Earth.

  25. French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Spatial Planning, Development and Networks (IFSTTAR). Current projects table (Slide 12).

  26. Lank, C., Deutschle, S., Keßler, G., & Hakenberg, M. (2010, May). Elektronisch gekoppelte Lkw auf Autobahnen—Ergebnisse des KONVOI-Projektes. Paper presented at 4. Nutzfahrzeug Workshop, Graz, Austria.

  27. Lank, C., Haberstroh, M., & Wille, M. (2011, January). Interaction of Human, Machine, and Environment in Automated Driving Systems. In Transportation Research Record No. 2243 (pp 138-145). Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies.

  28. Gasser, T. (2012, January). BASt-study: Definitions of automation and legal issues in Germany. Presentation at the Road Vehicle Automation Workshop at the 2012 Transportation Research Board (TRB) 91st Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.

  29. Gasser, T. (2011, October). Additional requirements for automation. Liability and legal aspects—Results of the BASt-Expert Group. Presentation at the European Commission Workshop on Automation in Road Transport, Brussels, Belgium.

  30. Tsugawa, S. (2011, September). Handouts provided at 2011 Energy ITS demonstration.

  31. Shida, M., Doi, T., Nemoto, Y., Tadakuma, K. (2010). A short-distance vehicle platooning system: Second report, evaluation of fuel savings by the developed cooperative control (pp. 719–723). Paper presented at the 10th International Symposium on Advanced Vehicle Control (AVEC), Loughborough, UK.

  32. Mudalige, P. (2011, October). Connected autonomous driving: Electric networked vehicle (EN-V) technology. Paper presented at the 18th World Congress on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Orlando, FL.


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