U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
202-366-4000


Skip to content
FacebookYouTubeTwitterFlickrLinkedIn

Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

 
TECHBRIEF
This techbrief is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Back to Publication List        
Publication Number:  FHWA-HRT-16-017    Date:  October 2015
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-16-017
Date: October 2015

 

The Exploratory Advanced Research Program

Novel Alternative Cementitious Materials for Development of the Next Generation of Sustainable Transportation Infrastructure

 

References

[1] Olivier, J., Janssens-Maenhout, G., & Peters, J. (2012). Trends in global CO2 emissions (p. 60). Bilthoven, Netherlands: PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.

[2] Gartner, E., & Macphee, D. (2011). A physico-chemical basis for novel cementitious binders. Cement and Concrete Research, 41(7), 736–749.

[3] Gartner, E. (2004). Industrially interesting approaches to “low-CO2” cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 34(9), 1489–1498.

[4] Kendall, A., Keoleian, G., & Helfand, G. (2008). Integrated life-cycle assessment and life-cycle cost analysis model for concrete bridge deck applications. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 14(3), 214–222.

[5] Scrivener, K. (2004). Backscattered electron imaging of cementitious microstructures: understanding and quantification. Cement and Concrete Composites, 26(8), 935–945.

[6] Mechling, J., Roux, A., Le Rolland, B., & Lecomte, A. (2013). Sulfoaluminate cement behaviours in carbon dioxide, warm and moist environments. Advances in Cement Research, 26(1), 52–61.

[7] Chen, I., Hargis, C., & Juenger, M. (2012). Understanding expansion in calcium sulfoaluminate–belite cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 42(1), 51–60.

[8] Bizzozero, J., Gosselin, C., & Scrivener, K. (2014). Expansion mechanisms in calcium aluminate and sulfoaluminate systems with calcium sulfate. Cement and Concrete Research, 56, 190–202.

[9] Wagh, A. (2013). Recent progress in chemically bonded phosphate ceramics. ISRN Ceramics, 2013, 1–20.

[10] McLellan, B., Williams, R., Lay, J., van Riessen, A., & Corder, G. (2011). Costs and carbon emissions for geopolymer pastes in comparison to ordinary portland cement. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(9–10), 1080–1090.

[11] Pioneering precast in Alaska: The 7-month replacement of 18 bridges on the storied Dalton Highway. In Highways for LIFE (1993). Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

[12] Wilson, T. P., Smith, K. L., & Romine, A. R. (1999). Materials and Procedures for Rapid Repair of Partial-Depth Spalls in Concrete Pavements—Manual of Practice. Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

[13] Biernacki, J. J., Bullard, J. W., Constantiner, D., Meininger, R. C., Juenger, M. G., Cheung, J. H., Hansen, W., Hooton, R. D., LÜttge, A., & Thomas, J. J. (2013). Paving the way for a more sustainable concrete infrastructure: A vision for developing a comprehensive description of cement hydration kinetics. National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication, 1138 (Federal Highway Administration Publication No. HRT-13-052). The publication can be found at http://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/SpecialPublications/NIST.SP.1138.pdf.

[14] Li, Y., & Chen, B. (2013). Factors that affect the properties of magnesium phosphate cement. Construction and Building Materials, 47, 977–983.

[15] Alonso, M., Palacios, M., & Puertas, F. (2014). Effect of PCE admixtures on fluidity, hydration and microstructure of calcium aluminate cement pastes. Proceedings from International Conference on Calcium Aluminates (pp. 341–351). Avignon, France.

[16] Bier, T., Mathieu, A., Espinosa, B., & Marcelon, C. (1995) Admixtures and their interactions with high range calcium aluminate cement. Proceedings from UNITECR ‘95 Congress (pp. 1–7). Kyoto, Japan.

[17] Jolin, M., Lemay, J.D., Bissonnette, B., & CrÉpault, É. (2014). Rheology of calcium aluminate cement based concrete: Controlling the “pot life.” Proceedings from International Conference on Calcium Aluminates (pp. 309–320). Avignon, France.

[18] Thomas, M.D.A., Yi, H., & Dhole, R. (2008). The durability of CAC concrete exposed to seawater and de-icing salt. Proceedings from Calcium Aluminate Cements Centenary Conference (p. 21). Avignon, France.

[19] Scrivener, K.L., & Capmas, A. (1998). Calcium aluminate cements. In P.C. Hewlett (Ed.), Lea’s Chemistry of Cement and Concrete, 4, 713–782. New York and Toronto: Arnold.

[20] Beretka, J., Marroccoli, M., Sherman, N., & Valenti, G. (1996). The influence of C4A3S content and ratio on the performance of calcium sulfoaluminate-based cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 26(11), 1673–1681.

[21] Kurtis, K., Shomglin, K., Monteiro, P., Harvey, J., & Roesler, J. (2001). Accelerated test for measuring sulfate resistance of calcium sulfoaluminate, calcium aluminate, and portland cements. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 13(3), 216–221.

[22] Bernardo, G., Telesca, A., & Valenti, G. (2006). A porosimetric study of calcium sulfoaluminate cement pastes cured at early ages. Cement and Concrete Research, 36(6), 1042–1047.

[23] Ramseyer, C., & Perez, V. (2009). Highway panel replacement—CSA concrete in California. Proceedings from National Conference on Preservation, Repair, and Rehabilitation of Concrete Pavements (pp. 223–232). St. Louis, MO.

[24] Ioannou, S. Paine, K., & Quillin, K. (2010). Performance of calcium sulfoaluminate-based concretes, BRE Trust Review, 292, 26–28.

[25] Liao, Y., Wei, X., & Li, G. (2011). Early hydration of calcium sulfoaluminate cement through electrical resistivity measurement and microstructure investigations. Construction and Building Materials, 25(4), 1572–1579.

[26] Bianchi, M., Canonico, F., Capelli, L., Pace, M.L., Telesca, A., & Valenti, G.L. (2009). Hydration properties of calcium sulfoaluminate–portland cement blends, ACI Special Publication, 261(13), 187–200.

[27] Arjunan, P., Silsbee, M., & Della M. Roy. (1999). Sulfoaluminate-belite cement from low-calcium fly ash and sulfur-rich and other industrial by-products. Cement and Concrete Research, 29(8), 1305–1311.

[28] Janotka, I., Krajči, L., Ray, A., & Mojumdar, S. (2003). The hydration phase and pore structure formation in the blends of sulfoaluminate-belite cement with portland cement. Cement and Concrete Research, 33(4), 489–497.

[29] Senff, L., Castela, A., Hajjaji, W., Hotza, D., & Labrincha, J. (2011). Formulations of sulfobelite cement through design of experiments. Construction and Building Materials, 25(8), 3410–3416.

[30] Bescher, E., Stremfel, J., Ramseyer, C., & Rice, E.K. (2012). The role of calcium sulfoaluminate in concrete sustainability. Proceedings from Twelfth International Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology and Sustainability Issues (pp. 612–632). Prague, Czech Republic.

[31] Chen, I., & Juenger, M. (2012). Incorporation of coal combustion residuals into calcium sulfoaluminate-belite cement clinkers. Cement And Concrete Composites, 34(8), 893–902.

[32] Janotka, I., & KrajÈi, L. (2000). Resistance to freezing and thawing of mortar specimens made from sulphoaluminate–belite cement. Bulletin of Materials Science, 23(6), 521–527.

[33] Quillin, K. (2001). Performance of belite–sulfoaluminate cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 31(9), 1341–1349.

[34] Popovics, S., & Rajendran, N. (1987). Early age properties of magnesium phosphate-based cements under various temperature conditions. Transportation Research Record No. 1110 (pp. 34–45). Transporation Research Board, Washington, DC.

[35] Seehra, S., Gupta, S., & Kumar, S. (1993). Rapid setting magnesium phosphate cement for quick repair of concrete pavements—characterisation and durability aspects. Cement and Concrete Research, 23(2), 254–266.

[36] Yang, Q., Zhu, B., Zhang, S., & Wu, X. (2000). Properties and applications of magnesia–phosphate cement mortar for rapid repair of concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 30(11), 1807–1813.

[37] Ding, Z., & Li, Z. (2005). Effect of aggregates and water contents on the properties of magnesium phospho-silicate cement. Cement and Concrete Composites, 27(1), 11–18.

[38] Qiao, F., Chau, C., & Li, Z. (2010). Property evaluation of magnesium phosphate cement mortar as patch repair material. Construction and Building Materials, 24(5), 695–700.

[39] van Deventer, J., Lukey, G., & Xu, H. (2006). Effect of curing temperature and silicate concentration on fly-ash–based geopolymerization. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 45(10), 3559–3568.

[40] Rowles, M., & O’Connor, B. (2003). Chemical optimisation of the compressive strength of aluminosilicate geopolymers synthesised by sodium silicate activation of metakaolinite. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 13(5), 1161–1165.

[41] Williams, R., & van Riessen, A. (2010). Determination of the reactive component of fly ashes for geopolymer production using XRF and XRD. Fuel, 89(12), 3683–3692.

[42] Lizcano, M., Gonzalez, A., Basu, S., Lozano, K., & Radovic, M. (2012). Effects of water content and chemical composition on structural properties of alkaline activated metakaolin-based geopolymers. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 95(7), 2169–2177.

[43] Burciaga-DÍaz, O., & Escalante-GarcÍa, J. (2013). Structure, mechanisms of reaction, and strength of an alkali-activated blast-furnace slag. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 96(12), 3939–3948.

[44] Adam, A.A., Molyneaux, T.C.K., Patnaikuni, I., & Law, D.W. (2009). Strength, sorptivity and carbonation of geopolymer concrete. In N. Ghafoori (Ed.), Challenges, Opportunities and Solutions in Structural Engineering and Construction (pp. 563–568). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

[45] Bernal, S., MejÍa de GutiÉrrez, R., & Provis, J. (2012). Engineering and durability properties of concretes based on alkali-activated granulated blast furnace slag/metakaolin blends. Construction and Building Materials, 33, 99–108.

[46] Aughenbaugh, K., Williamson, T., & Juenger, M. (2015). Critical evaluation of strength prediction methods for alkali-activated fly ash. Materials and Structures, 48(3), 607–620.

[47] Dornak, M.L. (2014). Mechanical properties, early age volume change, and heat generation of rapid, cement-based repair materials (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from the University of Texas Digital Repository.

[48] Zuniga, J.R. (2013). Development of rapid, cement-based repair materials for transportation structures (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from the University of Texas Digital Repository.

[49] Campillo, I., Guerrero, A., Dolado, J., Porro, A., IbÁÑez, J., & GoÑi, S. (2007). Improvement of initial mechanical strength by nanoalumina in belite cements. Materials Letters, 61(8–9), 1889–1892.

[50] Guerrero, A., GoÑi, S., Macıas, A., & LuxÁn, M. (1999). Mechanical properties, pore size distribution, and pore solution of fly ash-belite cement mortars. Cement and Concrete Research, 29(11), 1753–1758.

[51] Yang, Q., & Wu, X. (1999). Factors influencing properties of phosphate cement-based binder for rapid repair of concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 29(3), 389–396.

[52] Davidovits, J. (1994). Properties of geopolymer cements. Proceedings from First International Conference on Alkaline Cements and Concretes (pp. 131–149). Kiev, Ukraine.

[53] Bushnell-Watson, S., & Sharp, J. (1986). The effect of temperature upon the setting behaviour of refractory calcium aluminate cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 16(6), 875–884.

[54] Lee, B., & Kurtis, K. (2011). Proposed acceleratory effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on belite hydration: preliminary results. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 95(1), 365–368.

[55] Hall, D., Stevens, R., & El-Jazairi, B. (2001). The effect of retarders on the microstructure and mechanical properties of magnesia–phosphate cement mortar. Cement and Concrete Research, 31(3), 455–465.

[56] Criado, M., Palomo, A., & FernÁndez-JimÉnez,, A. (2005). Alkali activation of fly ashes. Part 1: Effect of curing conditions on the carbonation of the reaction products. Fuel, 84(16), 2048-2054.

[57] Duxson, P., FernÁndez-JimÉnez, A., Provis, J., Lukey, G., Palomo, A., & van Deventer, J. (2007). Geopolymer technology: The current state of the art. Journal of Materials Science, 42(9), 2917–2933.

[58] Green, B., Moser, R., Scott, D., & Long, W. (2014). Ultra-high performance concrete history and usage by the Corps of Engineers. ASTM International Advances in Civil Engineering Materials, 20140031.


About the EAR Program

The EAR Program addresses the need for longer term, higher risk research with the potential for long-term improvements to transportation systems—improvements in planning, building, renewing, and operating safe, congestion-free, and environmentally sound transportation facilities. The EAR Program seeks to leverage advances in science and engineering that could lead to breakthroughs for critical current and emerging issues in highway transportation, that is, where there is a community of experts from different disciplines who likely have the talent and interest in researching solutions and who likely could not do so without EAR Program funding.

To learn more about the EAR Program, visit the Exploratory Advanced Research Web site at www.fhwa.dot.gov/advancedresearch. The site features information on research solicitations, updates on ongoing research, links to published materials, summaries of past EAR Program events, and details on upcoming events. For additional information, contact David Kuehn at FHWA, 202-493-3414 (email: david.kuehn@dot.gov), or Terry Halkyard at FHWA, 202-493-3467 (email: terry.halkyard@dot.gov).

Office of Infrastructure Research and Development

Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center

6300 Georgetown Pike

McLean, VA 22101-2296

Publication No. FHWA-HRT-16-017

HRTM-30/10-15(WEB)E

 

 

Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000
Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center | 6300 Georgetown Pike | McLean, VA | 22101