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Publication Number:  FHWA-HRT-17-096     Date:  October 2017
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-17-096
Date: October 2017


Field Testing of an Ultra-High Performance Concrete Overlay


Aaleti, Sriram, S. Sritharan, and A. Abu-Hawash. 2013. “Innovative UHPC-Normal Concrete Composite Bridge Deck.” RILEM-fib-AFGC International Symposium on Ultra-High Performance Fibre-Reinforced Concrete.

American Society of Testing and Materials. (ASTM) C1437-15. 2015. Standard Test Method for Flow of Hydraulic Cement Mortar. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International.

———. C1583/C1583M-13. 2013. Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength of Concrete Surfaces and the Bond Strength or Tensile Strength of Concrete Repair and Overlay Materials by Direct Tension (Pull-off Method). West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International.

Beushausen, H., and M. Gillmer. 2014. “The Use of Superabsorbent Polymers to Reduce Cracking of Bonded Mortar Overlays.” Cement and Concrete Composites, 52:1–8.

Beushausen, H., B. Höhlig, and M. Talotti. 2017. “The Influence of Substrate Moisture Preparation on Bond Strength of Concrete Overlays and the Microstructure of the OTZ.” Cement and Concrete Research, 92:84–91.

Beyene, M., J. F. Munoz, R. Meininger, and C. Di Bella. 2016. “Effect of Internal Curing as Mitigation to Minimize ASR Damage.” ACI Materials Journal, 114;3:417-428..

Brühwiler, E., and E. Denarié. 2013. “Rehabilitation and Strengthening of Concrete Structures Using Ultra-High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete.” Structural Engineering International, 23;4:450–457.

Brühwiler, E., M. Bastien-Masse, H. Mühlberg, B. Houriet, B. Fleury, S. Cuennet, P. Schär, F. Boudry, and M. Maurer. 2015. Strengthening the Chillon viaducts deck slabs with reinforced UHPFRC. Proceedings, 2015 IABSE Conference, Geneva, Switzerland.

De La Varga, I., Z. B. Haber, and B. Graybeal. 2017. “Bond of Field-Cast Grouts to Precast Concrete Elements.” FHWA-HRT-16-081. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Diamond, S., and J. Huang. 2001. “The ITZ in Concrete - a Different View Based on Image Analysis and SEM Observations.” Cement and Concrete Composites, 23;2-3:179–188.

El Sharief, A., M. D. Cohen, and J. Olek. 2003. “Influence of Aggregate Size, Water Cement Ratio and Age on the Microstructure of the Interfacial Transition Zone.” Cement and Concrete Research, 33;11:1837–1849.

El-Tawil, S., M. Alkaysi, A. E. Naaman, W. Hansen, and Z. Liu. 2016. “Development, Characterization and Applications of a NonProprietary Ultra High Performance Concrete for Highway Bridges.” RC-1637. University of Michigan.

Garboczi, E. J., and D. P. Bentz. 1991. “Digital Simulation of the Aggregate–cement Paste Interfacial Zone in Concrete.” Journal of Materials Research, 6;1:196–201.

Graybeal, B. A. 2006. “Material Property Characterization of Ultra-High Performance Concrete.” FHWA-HRT-06-103. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

———. 2011. “Ultra-High Performance Concrete.” FHWA-HRT-11-038. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Graybeal, B. A., and F. Baby. 2013. “Development of Direct Tension Test Method for Ultra-High- Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete.” ACI Materials Journal, 110;2:177–86.

Graybeal, B. A., and B. Stone. 2012. “Compression Response of a Rapid-Strengthening Ultra-High Performance Concrete Formulation.” FHWA-HRT-12-065. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Habel, K., E. Denarié, and E. Brühwiler. 2007. “Experimental Investigation of Composite Ultra-High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete and Conventional Concrete Members.” ACI Structural Journal, 104;1:93–101.

Haber, Z., and B. A. Graybeal. 2016. “Performance of Different UHPC-Class Materials in Prefabricated Bridge Deck Connections.” Proceedings, First International Interactive Symposium on UHPC, Des Moines, IA, July 18–20, 2016.

Krauss, P. D., J. S. Lawler, and K. A. Steiner. 2009. “Guidelines for Selection of Bridge Deck Overlays, Sealers, and Treatments.” NCHRP Project Report 20-07.

Noshiravani, T., and E. Bruhwiler. 2013. “Experimental Investigation on Reinforced Ultra-High- Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Composite Beams Subjected to Combined Bending and Shear.” ACI Materials Journal, 110;2:251–261.

Ollivier, J.P., J.C. Maso, and B. Bourdette. 1995. “Interfacial Transition Zone in Concrete.” Advanced Cement Based Materials, 2;1:30–38.

Sajna, A., E. Denarié, and V. Bras. 2012. “Assessment of a UHPFRC Based Bridge Rehabilitation in Slovenia, Two Years after Application.” Proceedings, 3rd International Symposium on Ultra-High Performance Concrete. HiPerMat, Marseille, France.

Scrivener, K. L., A. K. Crumbie, and P. Laugesen. 2004. “The Interfacial Transition Zone (ITZ) Between Cement Paste and Aggregate in Concrete.” Interface Science, 12;4:411–421.

Shann, S. V. 2012. Application of Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC) as a Thin-Bonded Overlay for Concrete Bridge Decks. M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University

Swenty, M. K., and B. A. Graybeal. 2013. “Material Characterization of Field-Cast Connection Grouts.” NTIS No. PB2013-130231. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Toutlemonde, F., P. Marchand, F. Gomes, and L. Dieng. 2013. “Using UHPFRC as a Topping Layer for Orthotropic Bridge Decks: Prototype Validation.” Proceedings, 3rd International Symposium on Ultra-High Performance Concrete, HiPerMat, Marseille, France.

Wille, K., and C. Boisvert-Cotulio. 2013. “Development of Non-Proprietary Ultra-High Performance Concrete for Use in the Highway Bridge Sector.” FHWA-HRT-13-100. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.




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