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Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

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Publication Number:  FHWA-HRT-16-037    Date:  June 2016
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-16-037
Date: June 2016


Active Traffic Management: Comprehension, Legibility, Distance, and Motorist Behavior in Response to Selected Variable Speed Limit and Lane Control Signing


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  2. Papageorgiou, M., Kosmatopoulos, E., and Papamichail, I. (2008) "Effects of Variable Speed Limits on Motorway Traffic Flow." Transportation Research Record 2047 (5), p. 37-48.

  3. Lee, C. and Abdel-Aty, M. (2008) "Testing Effects of Warning Messages and Variable Speed Limits on Driver Behavior Using Driving Simulator." Transportation Research Record 2069 (8), p. 55-64.

  4. Datta, T., Schattler, K., Kar, P., and Guha, A. (2004) Development and Evaluation of an Advanced Dynamic Lane Merge Traffic Control System for 3- to 2-Lane Transition Areas in Work Zones. Transportation Research Group, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

  5. Ullman, B.R., Trout, N.D., and Dudek, C.L. (2009) Use of Graphics and Symbols on Dynamic Message Signs. Technical Report Vol. 2009/05. Texas Department of Transportation, Austin, TX.

  6. Blakeman, P. (2012) Future Managed Motorways Concept Development—Task 3: Synthesis of Evidence. Transport Research Laboratory, Highways Agency, Wokingham, England.

  7. Weare, A., Robbins, R., and Blakeman, P. (2012) Future Managed Motorways Concept Development—Task 1: Design Comparison Simulator Study. Transport Research Laboratory, Highways Agency, Wokingham, England.

  8. Federal Highway Administration. (2009) Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices on Streets and Highways. Available online at http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2009/mutcd2009edition.pdf. Accessed April 21, 2016.

  9. Empirisoft®. MediaLab® research software. Available online at http://www.empirisoft.com/medialab.aspx. Accessed April 21, 2016.

  10. Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) (2009) Active Traffic Management Standard Operating Procedures. WSDOT.

  11. Perez, W.A., Bertola, M.A., Kennedy, J.F., and Miolino, J.A. (2012) Driver Visual Behavior in the Presence of Commercial Electronic Variable Message Signs (CEVMS). Available online at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/real_estate/practitioners/oac/visual_behavior_report/ final/cevmsfinal.pdf. Accessed January 6, 2014.

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