The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) describes transit-oriented development (TOD) as compact, mixed-use development near transit facilities and high-quality walking environments. A Transit Cooperative Research Program study concludes that the typical TOD leverages transit infrastructure to promote economic development and smart growth, and to cater to shifting market demands and lifestyle preferences. TOD is about creating sustainable communities where people of all ages and incomes have transportation and housing choices, increasing location efficiency where people can walk, bike and take transit. In addition, TOD boosts transit ridership and reduces automobile congestion, providing value for both the public and private sectors, while creating a sense of community and place. Below are examples of public agencies that have implemented TOD projects and/or programs.
- Hennepin County, Minnesota TOD Program
- Transit Village Initiative, New Jersey
- Maryland TOD Interactive Site Map
- Savage Town Centre, Maryland
- Oregon TOD Projects
- Austin City Connection TOD Program, Texas
- Denver FasTracks TOD Program, Colorado
- DART TOD Planning Program Dallas, Texas
- TOD Suburban Case Study: Canton, Massachusetts
- TOD Urban Case Study: Somerville, Massachusetts
Joint development is a form of TOD that is project specific and takes place on or adjacent to highway rights-of-way or transit-agency land.
1. Transit Cooperative Research Program, Transit-Oriented Development in the United States: Experiences, Challenges, and Prospects, Report 102 [Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board, 2004], 8.