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Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

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Publication Number:  FHWA-HRT-17-106    Date:  April 2018
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-17-106
Date: April 2018


Guidebook on Identification of High Pedestrian Crash Locations

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The overall goal of the Federal Highway Administration’s Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Program is to improve safety and mobility for pedestrians and bicyclists. The program strives to make it safer and easier for pedestrians, bicyclists, and drivers to share roadways through the development of safer crosswalks, sidewalks, and pedestrian technologies as well as through the expansion of educational and safety programs.

This report documents a five-step, data-driven process to identify high pedestrian crash locations and to anticipate the locations where pedestrians are most at risk. The output of applying the process is a prioritized list of potential locations on the roadway system where safety countermeasures can have the greatest impact. The research that led to this guidebook is documented in the report Development of Guidebook on Identification of High Pedestrian Crash Locations.(1)

This report should be of value to engineers, planners, and other community authorities who share an interest in safeguarding the lives of roadway users, especially pedestrians.

Monique R. Evans, P.E., CPM
Director, Office of Safety
Research and Development


This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document.

The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers’ names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.

Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.

Technical Report Documentation Page
1. Report No.
2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient’s Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle
Guidebook on Identification of High Pedestrian Crash Locations
5. Report Date
April 2018
6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s)
Kay Fitzpatrick, Raul Avelar, and Shawn Turner
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address
Texas A&M Transportation Institute
The Texas A&M University System
College Station, TX 77843-3135
10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
11. Contract or Grant No.
DTFH61-13-D-00024, Task Order #9
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of Safety Research and Development
Federal Highway Administration
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101-2296
13. Type of Report and Period Covered
Technical Report; November 2015–November 2017
14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
The Contracting Officer’s Representative was Ann Do (HRDS-30).
16. Abstract
One of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s top priorities is the improvement of pedestrian and bicyclist safety. The Federal Highway Administration promotes safe, comfortable, and convenient walking for people of all ages and abilities. Part of this effort has been to encourage a data-driven approach to identifying and mitigating safety problems. An initial step in reducing the frequency of pedestrian crashes is identifying where they are occurring or where there is a concern that they are likely to occur. This guidebook documents methods and examples used to identify or prioritize high pedestrian crash sites to assist State and local agencies in identifying high pedestrian crash locations such as intersections (points), segments, facilities, and areas. The process of identifying high pedestrian crash locations results in a prioritized list of potential locations on the roadway system that could benefit from safety improvement projects.
17. Key Words
Pedestrian, crashes, locations, safety process
18. Distribution Statement
No restrictions. This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.
19. Security Classif. (of this report)
20. Security Classif. (of this page)
21. No. of Pages
22. Price
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized.


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EB empirical Bayes
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FDOT Florida Department of Transportation
GIS geographic information system
HCM Highway Capacity Manual
HSIP Highway Safety Improvement Program
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ISI Intersection Safety Indices
MassDOT Massachusetts Department of Transportation
NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program
RSA road safety audit
RTM regression to the mean
SHSP Strategic Highway Safety Plan
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SRTS Safe Routes to School
VMT vehicle miles traveled
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000
Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center | 6300 Georgetown Pike | McLean, VA | 22101