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Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

 
REPORT
This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number:  FHWA-HRT-17-026    Date:  March 2017
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-17-026
Date: March 2017

 

State of The Practice for Shoulder and Center Line Rumble Strip Implementation on Non-Freeway Facilities

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FOREWORD

The overall goal of the Federal Highway Administration’s Roadway Departure Program is to improve the safety of the Nation’s highways through the reduction of roadway departure crashes. Roadway departures continue to account for more than half of U.S. roadway fatalities annually and nearly 40 percent of serious injuries, making such crashes a significant safety concern.

The primary purpose of this research is to provide agencies with a framework for making decisions on how to implement rumble strips. This report includes a literature review detailing research related to rumble strip design, noise and vibration testing methods and findings, impacts on bicyclists and motorcyclists, pavement condition impacts, pavement marking visibility, operational effectiveness, and safety effectiveness. The report also provides a review of current department policies and standard drawings for rumble strip implementation strategies, systematic installation criteria, currently used rumble strip dimensions, high-crash corridor installation practices, and special considerations and rumble strip modifications. This document is intended for safety engineers, highway designers, planners, and practitioners at State and local agencies involved with rumble strip decisionmaking.

Monique Evans
Director, Office of Safety
Research and Development

Notice

This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document.

The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers' names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.

Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.

 

Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.

FHWA-HRT-17-026

2. Government Accession No. 3 Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle

State of the Practice for Shoulder and Center Line Rumble Strip Implementation on Non-Freeway Facilities

5. Report Date

March 2017

6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s)

Himes, Scott; McGee, Hugh; Levin, Skye; and Zhou, Yuying

8. Performing Organization Report No.

 

9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc. (VHB)
101 Walnut Street
Watertown, MA 02471

10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)

11. Contract or Grant No.

GS-00F-116CA, Task DTFH61-15-F-00085

12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

Federal Highway Administration Office of Safety
U.S. Department of Transportation
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Draft Report, October 2015–
September 2016

14. Sponsoring Agency Code

FHWA

15. Supplementary Notes

The Contract Manager for this report was Abdul Zineddin (HRDS-10).

16. Abstract

Center line rumble strips (CLRSs) and shoulder rumble strips (SRSs) are proven countermeasures for reducing roadway departure crashes, including head-on and run-off-road crashes. The objectives of this project were twofold. The first objective was to develop a rumble strip decision support guide to inform agencies on CLRS and SRS installation. The second objective was to document the current state of the practice for CLRS and SRS installation, conduct a gap analysis, and provide a framework for future research related to further implementation of rumble strips. This research includes a literature review detailing research related to rumble strip design, noise and vibration testing methods and findings, impacts on bicyclists and motorcyclists, pavement condition impacts, pavement marking visibility, operational effectiveness, and safety effectiveness. The project also reviewed current department policies and standard drawings for rumble strip implementation strategies, systematic installation criteria, currently used rumble strip dimensions, high-crash corridor installation practices, and special considerations and rumble strip modifications. This report details the development of the decision support guide and includes a gap analysis and action plan for future rumble strip research. Future research can help agencies identify the optimal rumble strip design for installations.

17. Key Words

Rumble strips, center line, shoulder, edge line, decisionmaking

18. Distribution Statement

No restrictions. This document is available through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.
http://www.ntis.gov

19. Security Classification
(of this report)

Unclassified

20. Security Classification
(of this page)

Unclassified

21. No. of Pages

126

22. Price
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized

 

 

 

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