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Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

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Publication Number:  FHWA- HRT-17-095    Date:  September 2017
Publication Number: FHWA- HRT-17-095
Date: September 2017


Pavement Performance Measures and Forecasting and The Effects of Maintenance and Rehabilitation Strategy on Treatment Effectiveness (Revised)

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“How effective will a particular treatment be on this roadway?” Data from the Long-Term Pavement Performance (LTPP) program have supported efforts to answer this question. This report documents work to advance the development of pavement performance measures to classify pavement sections, estimate future pavement conditions, evaluate the effectiveness of pavement maintenance and rehabilitation treatments, and analyze the role of pavement treatment strategies in extending pavement life.

Data from the various LTPP experiments were analyzed to define pavement performance in a way that supports the selection of cost-effective pavement treatment strategies. The research approach and results are presented in this report, including 1) the newly developed dual (functional and structural) pavement rating systems and their impact on pavement management, 2) the impacts of pavement preservation actions on pavement performance and longevity, 3) the effects of various pavement design parameters and climatic factors on pavement performance, 4)the aspects of a newly developed global model to accurately adjust the measured pavement deflections, and 5) the elements of a new statistical model to predict future pavement condition and distress based on a single data point.

This report can be used by pavement researchers, teachers in academic and lifelong (continuing) education settings, practicing engineers and contractors involved in pavement preservation, and road owners to develop cost-effective pavement preservation strategies.

Cheryl Allen Richter
Director, Office of Infrastructure
Research, Development, and Technology


This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document.

The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers’ names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.

Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.


Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.

FHWA- HRT-17-095

2. Government Accession No. 3 Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle

Pavement Performance Measures and Forecasting and the Effects of Maintenance and Rehabilitation Strategy on Treatment Effectiveness

5. Report Date

September 2017

6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s)

Gilbert Y. Baladi, Ph.D., P.E.; Tyler Dawson, Ph.D., P.E.; Gopikrishna Musunuru; Michael Prohaska; and Kyle Thomas

8. Performing Organization Report No.


9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Michigan State University
Department of Civil Engineering
428 S. Shaw Lane, Room 3546
East Lansing, MI 48824

10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)

11. Contract or Grant No.


12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

Federal Highway Administration
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101-2296

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Final Report  

14. Sponsoring Agency Code


15. Supplementary Notes

The Federal Highway Administration Contracting Officer’s Representative was Yan “Jane” Jiang.

16. Abstract

This is a revised version of the following report: Pavement Performance Measures and Forecasting and the Effects of Maintenance and Rehabilitation Strategy on Treatment Effectiveness (FHWA-HRT-16-047), available at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/infrastructure/pavements/ltpp/16047/index.cfm.


New and innovative pavement performance measures and rating systems were developed and successfully implemented using pavement condition and distress data obtained from the Long-Term Pavement Performance (LTPP) database and the databases of three State transportation departments—Colorado Department of Transportation, Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development, and Washington State Department of Transportation. The new systems were used to calculate the benefits of various pavement treatments, determine the impacts of the pavement conditions in climatic regions on pavement performance, and assess the effects of design variables on pavement longevity. All analyses were conducted using MATLAB®-based computer programs that were specifically developed during this study. A preliminary method to estimate pavement performance based on a single data point was developed. Finally, the LTPP measured pavement deflection data were analyzed to determine whether the data could be used as pavement distress indicators. During the analyses, existing temperature-adjustment procedures were evaluated, and a global algorithm was developed that was applied to all deflection sensors in all climatic regions.


Due to editorial errors, this report is a revised version of a report with the same name issued in January 2017 under publication number FHWA-HRT-16-047. Revisions were made to tables 109–111 and figures 83–90. An errata document is available at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/infrastructure/pavements/ltpp/16047/.

17. Key Words

Pavement performance, Performance measures, Pavement rating, Treatment benefits, Pavement deflection

18. Distribution Statement

No restrictions. This document is available through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.

19. Security Classification
(of this report)


20. Security Classification
(of this page)


21. No. of Pages


22. Price


Form DOT F 1700.7 (872) Reproduction of completed page authorized




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