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FHWA Home / Policy & Governmental Affairs / Highway Policy Information / Table HF-10B - Highway Statistics 2016

Highway Statistics 2016


FHWA Bulletin

Office of Highway Policy Information | Federal Highway Administration

Subject: Highway Funding 2013 - 2016

Date: May 6, 2018


Total disbursements for highways are expected to be $223.2 billion in 2016, a slight (0.3 percent) increase over 2014, which is the latest year for which final numbers are available. Total revenues used for highways or placed in reserves for highways are expected to reach $272.1 billion in 2006. The difference ($49.0 billion) is due to changes in the amount of total reserves: $42.4 billion placed in reserves by the Federal government and $6.6 billion placed in reserves by State and Local governments. The large increase in reserves at the Federal level is attributable to a transfer of $51.9 billion from the general fund to the Highway Account of the Highway Trust Fund that was required by the FAST Act. 

Total highway-user revenues of $147.2 billion (motor fuel, motor vehicle taxes and fees and tolls) are anticipated in 2016, which would be sufficient to support about 66 percent of all highway disbursements. However, $12.4 billion of highway-user revenues are destined for general government use, collection expenses and other non-highway uses, while $17.1 billion will be used for mass transportation. Consequently, only $117.7 billion or 80 percent of taxes and fees charged to road users are expected to be applied to the highway programs of Federal, State and local governments. While some highway-user revenues will be expended for non-highway purposes, conversely governments at all levels will apply a variety of non-user revenues for highway purposes. Non-user revenue sources include general funds, other specific taxes and fees dedicated to highway purposes, investment income, and bond proceeds.

Capital expenditures are expected to rise to $112.9 billion in 2017, accounting for almost 51 percent of total highway expenditures. This is an increase of $7.5 billion, or over 7 percent compared to 2014. State governments will be responsible for approximately 74 percent of the total, with capital expenditures of $84.0 billion funded by a mix of State, Federal, and local dollars.

Total funding for highways including receipts, intergovernmental payments, and disbursements for the years 2013 through 2016 are shown in the attached Table HF-10B.

Projected highway expenditures for 2016 are summarized as follows:

  Billions Percent
Highway Capital Outlay $112.9 50.6
Maintenance and Traffic Services $49.8 22.3
Administration and Research $17.5 7.8
Law Enforcement and Safety $18.0 8.1
Interest $10.6 4.7
Bond Retirements $ 14.3 6.4
TOTAL $ 223.2 100.0

For more information, email us or phone 202-366-0170.


FUNDING FOR HIGHWAYS, ALL UNITS OF GOVERNMENT, 2013-2016 1/

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Table HF-10B
May 2018
Page 1 of 2

(Millions of Dollars)

ITEM 2013 (FINAL) 2014 (FINAL)
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT STATE AGENCIES AND D.C. LOCAL GOVERN- MENTS TOTAL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT STATE AGENCIES AND D.C. LOCAL GOVERN- MENTS TOTAL
HIGHWAY TRUST FUND HIGHWAY ACCOUNT OTHER FUNDS AND ACCOUNTS 2/ TOTAL FEDERAL HIGHWAY TRUST FUND HIGHWAY ACCOUNT OTHER FUNDS AND ACCOUNTS 2/ TOTAL FEDERAL
DISPOSITION OF HIGHWAY-USER REVENUE BY COLLECTING AGENCIES
Net Collections: 3/ 31,800 4,831 36,631 85,609 6,111 128,351 34,066 5,135 39,201 89,966 6,440 135,607
Less: Amount for Nonhighway Purposes 4/ 0 (184) (184) (7,610) (59) (7,853) 0 (170) (170) (9,344) (102) (9,616)
Less: Amount for Mass Transportation (1,126) (4,524) (5,650) (14,162) (1,038) (20,850) (1,228) (4,825) (6,053) (7,394) (1,177) (14,624)
Less: Amount for Collection Expenses 5/ 0 0 0 (3,190)   (3,190) 0 0 0 (3,243)   (3,243)
Less: Amount for Territories 6/ (321) (123) (444)     (444) (203) (140) (343)     (343)
Net Used for Highway Purposes 30,353 (0) 30,353 60,647 5,014 96,014 32,635 0 32,635 69,985 5,161 107,781
REVENUES USED FOR HIGHWAYS - BY COLLECTING AGENCIES 
Highway User Revenues Motor-Fuel and Vehicle Taxes 30,354 0 30,354 49,774 2,990 83,118 32,635 0 32,635 57,657 3,091 93,383
Tolls 0 0 0 10,873 2,024 12,897 0 0 0 12,328 2,071 14,399
Subtotal 30,354 0 30,354 60,647 5,014 96,015 32,635 0 32,635 69,985 5,162 107,782
Other Taxes and Fees Property Taxes and Assessments 0 0 0 0 13,012 13,012 0 0 0 0 12,847 12,847
General Fund Appropriations 3/ 5,884 4,281 10,165 7,361 37,490 55,016 17,416 2,922 20,338 9,756 26,238 56,332
Other Taxes and Fees 0 412 412 11,866 6,529 18,807 0 352 352 9,409 6,675 16,436
Subtotal 5,884 4,693 10,577 19,227 57,031 86,835 17,416 3,274 20,690 19,165 45,760 85,615
Investment Income and Other Receipts 20 0 20 12,281 7,321 19,622 1,021 0 1,021 10,132 7,565 18,718
Total Current Income 36,258 4,693 40,951 92,155 69,366 202,472 51,072 3,274 54,346 99,282 58,487 212,115
Bond Issue Proceeds 7/ 0 0 0 20,451 6,687 27,138 0 0 0 22,867 6,346 29,213
Grand Total Receipts 36,258 4,693 40,951 112,606 76,053 229,610 51,072 3,274 54,346 122,150 64,833 241,329
Intergovernmental Payments Federal Highway Trust Fund (39,446) 0 (39,446) 39,446 0 0 (40,741) 0 (40,741) 40,741 0 0
Other Federal Funds 0 (4,138) (4,138) 2,760 1,378 0 0 (2,827) (2,827) 2,086 741 0
State Highway-User Imposts 0 0 0 (13,964) 13,964 0 0 0 0 (14,008) 14,008 0
Other State Funds 0 0 0 (3,512) 3,512 0 0 0 0 (2,084) 2,084 0
Local Governments Funds 0 0 0 3,380 (3,380) 0 0 0 0 3,155 (3,155) 0
Subtotal (39,446) (4,138) (43,584) 28,110 15,474 0 (40,741) (2,827) (43,568) 29,890 13,678 0
Funds Drawn from or Placed in Reserves 8/ 5,960 (2) 5,958 (9,222) (1,138) (4,402) (7,605) (2) (7,607) (10,393) (774) (18,774)
Total Funds Available 2,772 553 3,325 131,494 90,389 225,208 2,726 445 3,171 141,646 77,737 222,554
DISBURSEMENTS FOR HIGHWAYS - BY EXPENDING AGENCIES
Capital Outlay On State-Administered Highways 0 0 0 68,865 0 68,865 0 0 0 74,337 0 74,337
On Locally Administered Roads 0 0 0 5,548 23,415 28,963 0 0 0 6,165 24,248 30,413
Not Classified by System 742 155 897 1 0 898 568 106 674 0 0 674
Subtotal 742 155 897 74,413 23,415 98,725 568 106 674 80,501 24,248 105,423
Maintenance and Traffic Services On State-Administered Highways 0 0 0 21,222 0 21,222 0 0 0 22,556 0 22,556
On Locally Administered Roads 0 0 0 799 26,767 27,566 0 0 0 896 27,784 28,680
Not Classified by System 0 312 312 1 0 313 0 206 206 0 0 206
Subtotal 0 312 312 22,022 26,767 49,101 0 206 206 23,452 27,784 51,442
Administration and Research 2,030 86 2,116 8,471 5,533 16,120 2,158 133 2,291 8,397 5,736 16,424
Highway Law Enforcement and Safety 0 0 0 9,414 9,810 19,224 0 0 0 9,486 10,320 19,806
Interest on Debt 0 0 0 7,911 3,801 11,712 0 0 0 8,188 3,345 11,533
Total Current Disbursements 2,772 553 3,325 122,231 69,326 194,882 2,726 445 3,171 130,024 71,433 204,628
Bond Retirements 7/ 0 0 0 9,263 21,063 30,326 0 0 0 11,623 6,304 17,927
Grand Total Disbursements 2,772 553 3,325 131,494 90,389 225,208 2,726 445 3,171 141,646 77,737 222,554

Table HF-10B
May 2018
Page 2 of 2

(Millions of Dollars)

ITEM 2015 (PRELIMINARY) 2016 (ESTIMATED)
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT STATE AGENCIES AND D.C. LOCAL GOVERN- MENTS TOTAL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT STATE AGENCIES AND D.C. LOCAL GOVERN- MENTS TOTAL
HIGHWAY TRUST FUND HIGHWAY ACCOUNT OTHER FUNDS AND ACCOUNTS 2/ TOTAL FEDERAL HIGHWAY TRUST FUND HIGHWAY ACCOUNT OTHER FUNDS AND ACCOUNTS 2/ TOTAL FEDERAL
DISPOSITION OF HIGHWAY-USER REVENUE BY COLLECTING AGENCIES
Net Collections: 3/ 35,740 5,221 40,961 94,770 6,409 142,139 36,062 5,339 41,401 99,039 6,714 147,154
Less: Amount for Nonhighway Purposes 4/ 0 (173) (173) (7,964) (11) (8,148) 0 (177) (177) (8,362) (135) (8,674)
Less: Amount for Mass Transportation (1,433) (4,913) (6,346) (9,449) (0) (15,795) (1,092) (5,024) (6,115) (9,799) (1,216) (17,130)
Less: Amount for Collection Expenses 5/ 0 0 0 (3,225)   (3,225) 0 0 0 (3,350)   (3,350)
Less: Amount for Territories 6/ (148) (135) (283)     (283) (192) (138) (330)     (330)
Net Used for Highway Purposes 34,159 0 34,159 74,132 6,397 114,688 34,779 0 34,779 77,528 5,363 117,670
REVENUES USED FOR HIGHWAYS - BY COLLECTING AGENCIES 
Highway User Revenues Motor-Fuel and Vehicle Taxes 34,159 0 34,159 62,179 3,273 99,611 34,779 0 34,779 65,288 3,069 103,135
Tolls 0 0 0 11,954 3,124 15,078 0 0 0 12,240 2,294 14,534
Subtotal 34,159 0 34,159 74,133 6,397 114,689 34,779 0 34,779 77,528 5,363 117,670
Other Taxes and Fees Property Taxes and Assessments 0 0 0 0 12,133 12,133 0 0 0 0 12,740 12,740
General Fund Appropriations 3/ 6,068 2,504 8,572 6,867 15,608 31,047 51,900 2,198 54,098 7,210 21,519 82,827
Other Taxes and Fees 0 331 331 10,926 8,609 19,866 0 374 374 10,643 8,386 19,402
Subtotal 6,068 2,835 8,903 17,793 36,351 63,047 51,900 2,572 54,472 17,853 42,645 114,970
Investment Income and Other Receipts 26 0 26 12,144 6,310 18,480 311 0 311 12,169 6,323 18,803
Total Current Income 40,253 2,835 43,088 104,070 49,058 196,216 86,990 2,572 89,562 107,550 54,331 251,443
Bond Issue Proceeds 7/ 0 0 0 15,669 6,112 21,781 0 0 0 14,886 5,806 20,692
Grand Total Receipts 40,253 2,835 43,088 119,739 55,170 217,997 86,990 2,572 89,562 122,436 60,137 272,135
Intergovernmental Payments Federal Highway Trust Fund (40,258) 0 (40,258) 40,258 0 0 (42,017) 0 (42,017) 42,017 0 0
Other Federal Funds 0 (2,461) (2,461) 393 2,068 0 0 (2,187) (2,187) 349 1,838 0
State Highway-User Imposts 0 0 0 (10,519) 10,519 0 0 0 0 (11,045) 11,045 0
Other State Funds 0 0 0 (5,815) 5,815 0 0 0 0 (6,105) 6,105 0
Local Governments Funds 0 0 0 3,466 (3,466) 0 0 0 0 3,490 (3,490) 0
Subtotal (40,258) (2,461) (42,719) 27,783 14,936 0 (42,017) (2,187) (44,204) 28,706 15,498 0
Funds Drawn from or Placed in Reserves 8/ 2,335 1 2,336 (5,914) 4,147 569 (42,395) 0 (42,395) (6,575) 0 (48,970)
Total Funds Available 2,330 375 2,705 141,608 74,253 218,566 2,578 385 2,963 144,566 75,635 223,165
DISBURSEMENTS FOR HIGHWAYS - BY EXPENDING AGENCIES 
Capital Outlay On State-Administered Highways 0 0 0 74,896 0 74,896 0 0 0 77,811 0 77,811
On Locally Administered Roads 0 0 0 6,459 27,357 33,816 0 0 0 6,234 28,261 34,495
Not Classified by System 527 86 613 0 0 613 533 101 634 0 0 634
Subtotal 527 86 613 81,355 27,357 109,325 533 101 634 84,045 28,261 112,940
Maintenance and Traffic Services On State-Administered Highways 0 0 0 22,849 0 22,849 0 0 0 23,363 0 23,363
On Locally Administered Roads 0 0 0 917 24,851 25,768 0 0 0 885 25,354 26,239
Not Classified by System 0 216 216 0 0 216 0 206 206 0 0 206
Subtotal 0 216 216 23,766 24,851 48,833 0 206 206 24,248 25,354 49,808
Administration and Research 1,803 73 1,876 9,143 6,351 17,370 2,045 78 2,123 9,066 6,298 17,488
Highway Law Enforcement and Safety 0 0 0 9,845 8,423 18,268 0 0 0 9,717 8,314 18,032
Interest on Debt 0 0 0 8,841 2,266 11,107 0 0 0 8,399 2,153 10,552
Total Current Disbursements 2,330 375 2,705 132,949 69,249 204,903 2,578 385 2,963 135,474 70,381 208,819
Bond Retirements 7/ 0 0 0 8,659 5,004 13,663 0 0 0 9,092 5,254 14,346
Grand Total Disbursements 2,330 375 2,705 141,608 74,253 218,566 2,578 385 2,963 144,566 75,635 223,165

1/ This table contains final 2013 and 2014 data reported in table HF-10A. Values for 2015 and 2016 reflect a mixture of projections and data drawn from the FE, SF, and LGF table series.

2/ Includes the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund. Also includes FHWA activities funded by general funds and all other agencies and funds that make appropriations for highways or that receive highway-user revenues.

3/ Represents gross receipts less refunds and loss allowances.

4/ Federal column amount represents transfers to the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund.

5/ Includes only those collection and administrative costs paid from motor-fuel and motor-vehicle tax receipts. Operational costs of toll facilities are reported as traffic services. Federal collection expenses are excluded since they are paid for by the General Fund. Local expenses are excluded, because local motor-fuel and motor-vehicle revenue data are reported net of collection expenses.

6/ Amounts shown represent Federal payments to territories, and Federal expenditures in territories for highways and mass transit.

7/ Proceeds and redemptions of short-term notes and refunding issues are excluded.

8/ Negative numbers indicate that funds were placed in reserves.

9/ Includes small amounts of engineering and equipment costs not charged to capital outlay and maintenance.

 

Page last modified on July 5, 2018
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