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Tribal Technical Assistance Program (TTAP)


In 1982, Congress recognized that providing access to surface transportation technology, technical assistance and training to local public agencies (LPA) was necessary and created the Rural Technical Assistance Program (RTAP). The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) legislation in 1991 renamed this program the Local Technical Assistance Program (LTAP) and created the Tribal Transportation Assistance Program (TTAP). The TTAP was designated to build the capability of the 573 federally recognized tribes to manage their highway assets by providing training and technical assistance. TTAP is funded under FHWA’s Training and Education programs. The legislative authority to deliver the TTAP is contained in 23 U.S.C. 504(b).

The Local Technical Assistance Program (LTAP) assists local highway agencies in each State to meet the challenge of maintaining and rehabilitating roads and bridges and learn about best practices and innovative technology to meet local needs. There are 51 LTAP Centers—one in each State and one serving Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Eleven States operate their LTAP Center within the State DOT; the remaining State DOTs contract this function outside of the DOT, predominantly at academic institutions. While the LTAP requires a 50 percent non-Federal match, many States elect to contribute more than 50 percent for LTAP.

The Tribal Technical Assistance Program (TTAP) provides comprehensive transportation training and technical assistance to tribal communities, building skills and expertise to ensure the safety and maintenance of tribal roads. The TTAP is a discretionary program that is 100 percent federally funded.

Program Status

Face-to-face training has been suspended as a future delivery model. A Notice of Funding (NOFO) reestablishing the regional TTAP Centers has been published to It is anticipated that implementation of the new delivery model for the seven TTAP Centers will occur in 2022. Online training and technical assistance remain available during the program’s temporary suspension.

Under the future model, the TTAP Center(s) will be coordinated through FHWA with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and other partners to work towards achieving the same goal: building capacity to support the Tribes’ delivery of their transportation programs.

Across the two programs, more than 1700 courses were delivered in 2019. Eight-five percent of the training was provided through instructor-led, classroom presentation. The FHWA also leverages training from partner organizations to broaden the portfolio of training available to local agencies and tribal governments. Agreements with the National Highway Institute (NHI) and AASHTO’s Transportation Curriculum Coordination Council (TC3) made available more than 400 online training over the past two years.

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Online Training Booklet for LTAPs

Download PDF for more information on available online training resources.

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