U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
FHWA Resource Center
Transportation touches the lives of all people living in the United States—it affects their economic well-being, their safety, their links to other places, the quality of their environment, their access to education and cultural activities, and their security at home and abroad. Almost any activity that people engage in outside the home such as working, managing personal business, and socializing relies on access to transportation of some kind, from sidewalk design to the width of airplane aisles.
As leaders for improving mobility on our nation's highways through National Leadership, Innovation, and Program Delivery, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has an inherent responsibility to ensure that all people, regardless of Race, Color, National Origin, Sex, Age, Religion or Disability share in the benefits of transportation programs. Civil Rights laws and implementing regulations extend to every facet of the Federal-aid Highway Program. This includes the design and construction of highways—from planning to project development, right-of-way, safety, and protecting the human and natural environment.
The FHWA Civil Rights' mission is “To protect the rights of those employed in, benefiting from, or affected by FHWA or the programs, policies and activities of its recipients, sub-recipients, and contractors.”
The Civil Rights Team (CR Team) at the FHWA Resource Center is committed to professional excellence and serving our customers with high quality products and timely services. The CR Team also works in partnership with our Headquarters Office of Civil Rights to develop, promote and implement new policies, guidance, technologies, and National Initiatives to advance the FHWA/State Transportation Agency (STA) civil rights programs. The CR Team is pleased to offer our services and provide our Division Offices and STA with the latest in Civil Rights training, technical assistance and technology deployment in five major civil rights program areas:
The Federal Highway Administration's Title VI/Nondiscrimination Program is governed by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, provides that no person, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance. Sex, age, handicap/disability are covered under other laws but recognized by FHWA to enforce our nondiscrimination programs.
Each STA receives Federal financial assistance from FHWA as well other USDOT agencies. As recipients of FHWA funds, STAs must administer a Title VI/Nondiscrimination program to prevent discrimination and ensure nondiscrimination in all of their programs and activities, as well as those of their sub-recipients (cities, counties, etc). The STA's Title VI/Nondiscrimination program must comply with FHWA regulations (23 CFR 200) and USDOT regulations (49 CFR 21). Key elements of a STA's Title VI/ Nondiscrimination Program are: Civil Rights organization and staffing; implementation of Title VI policies and procedures; signed USDOT Standard Assurances; programs to conduct Title VI reviews; data collection, analysis and reporting; training, public involvement; procedures to process and resolve complaints.
Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in State/Local Government Services. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in federally assisted programs. The Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA’s) ADA/504 program ensures that recipients of Federal-aid and State and local government (public) entities that are responsible for roadways and pedestrian facilities do not discriminate on the basis of disability in any highway transportation program, service or activity, or benefit they provide to the public; and ensure that recipients' and public entities' public rights-of-way system (sidewalks) is accessible to people with disabilities. Key ADA/504 requirements which recipients and public entities implement include: administrative requirements (designation of an ADA/504 Coordinator); providing program accessibility (self-evaluation and Transition Plan); constructing accessible new and altered facilities (curb ramps, buildings); monitoring activities of FHWA sub-recipients (local governments) and provide effective communications to people with disabilities (sign language interpreters). Section 504 requirements, under the US Department of Transportation (USDOT) regulations, are found at 49 CFR 27, and the ADA Title II requirements, under the US Department of Justice (USDOT) regulations, are found at 28 CFR 35.
The DBE program is a U.S. Department of Transportation's (USDOT) program that ensures equal opportunity in transportation contracting; addresses the effects of discrimination, and promotes increased participation of DBEs in DOT assisted contracts. The STAs award federally-assisted highway contracts therefore each STA is required to submit a DBE Plan to FHWA for approval. The approved DBE Plan obligates the STA to administer a DBE Program that complies with USDOT regulations under 49 CFR 26. Key elements of a DBE program include: Designation of DBE Liaison Officer; signed Policy Statement; DBE goals and good faith efforts; contract administration procedures; reporting; program monitoring; certification; compliance and enforcement.
The FHWA statute (23 USC 140 (a), and regulations under 23 CFR 230 - Subparts A, C, and D. requires STAs to administer an Equal Opportunity Program. The STA's Equal Opportunity Program includes Part I – Contractor Compliance and Part II – State Internal EEO. The Contractor Compliance Program seeks to ensure that Federal contractors and subcontractors performing work on Federal and federally assisted highway contracts do not discriminate in their employment and contracting practices based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age or disability. The STAs must administer a contractor compliance program to meet the FHWA regulations. Key elements of a Contractor Compliance program are: organization and staffing; contract compliance review procedures; management of the On-the-Job Training (OJT) program; data collection, analysis, and reporting; and procedures to process complaints against highway contractors.
The purpose of the State Transportation Agency's (STA) Internal EEO Program is to ensure fair and equal treatment of persons regardless of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, and disability in all employment practices. The STA has the responsibility to develop and implement an Affirmative Action (AA) program plan to achieve parity of minorities and females in all major job categories. The purpose of the Affirmative Action Plan (AAP) is the development, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of equal employment opportunity and affirmative action requirements of the STA. The purpose of the AAP Update is to report the progress and accomplishments of the STA's Internal EEO/AA program
Civil Rights Technical Director
|Team Member||Specialty Area(s)|
Civil Rights Specialist
Equal Opportunity Contractor Compliance
Americans With Disabilities Act
Civil Rights Specialist
|Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), Certified Mediator
|Carlos A. Gonzalez
Civil Rights Specialist
Disadvantaged Business Enterprise
Civil Rights Specialist
|Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE) Program
Contractor Compliance Program